442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (66)
Military service (856)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1605)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1605 items
Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 32 (ddr-densho-1000-92-32)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 32 (ddr-densho-1000-92-32)
The effect of racism on the Nisei soldiers

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Minoru
vh Minoru "Min" Tsubota Interview Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-149-37)
Most frightening moment; being wounded, then leaving the field hospital without permission to rejoin unit
Robert Mizukami Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-114-12)
vh Robert Mizukami Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-114-12)
Volunteering for U.S. Army 442nd Regimental Combat Team, brother killed in action

This is the first in a series of interviews conducted by the Puyallup Valley Japanese American Citizen League in collaboration with Densho.

Bill Thompson Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-90-16)
vh Bill Thompson Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-90-16)
The spirit of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic, namely, the individual's military service during …

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 43 (ddr-densho-1000-92-43)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 43 (ddr-densho-1000-92-43)
Hearing about Hawaiian Nisei soldiers' visit to the incarceration campsfrom the mainland

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 48 (ddr-densho-1000-92-48)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 48 (ddr-densho-1000-92-48)
The battle of the "Lost Battalion"; memories of Colonel Pursall standing up for his menRegimental Combat Team lives

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-92-28)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-92-28)
Nisei soldiers befriend black soldiers and break segregation rules

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-92-39)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-92-39)
Getting an inside perspective on company and headquarters

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 51 (ddr-densho-1000-92-51)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 51 (ddr-densho-1000-92-51)
General Mark Clark admits that the 442nd Regimental Combat Team was unfairly sent into too many battles

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-92-27)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-92-27)
Determination to join the 442nd Regimental Combat Team

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Minoru
vh Minoru "Min" Tsubota Interview Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-149-36)
Description of "senninbari," a symbolic cloth belt made by mother to ensure safety in wartime
Bill Thompson Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-90-13)
vh Bill Thompson Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-90-13)
Relations between the Hawaiian and mainland Nisei soldiers at Camp Shelby, Mississippi

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic, namely, the …

Bill Thompson Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-90-17)
vh Bill Thompson Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-90-17)
Reflections

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic, namely, the individual's military service during World War II.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-92-23)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-92-23)
Parents' reaction to decision to fight in WWII, "He's nothing but a little kid"

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-92-33)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-92-33)
The 442nd Regimental Combat Team earns the nickname "Little Iron Men" from the Germans

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-92-25)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-92-25)
Camp Shelby, Mississippi: gaining the respect of the Japanese Americans from Hawaii

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 44 (ddr-densho-1000-92-44)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 44 (ddr-densho-1000-92-44)
Single-handedly capturing a group of German officers

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-92-24)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-92-24)
Called up for military duty at seventeen years old

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 47 (ddr-densho-1000-92-47)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 47 (ddr-densho-1000-92-47)
Finding a common language, communicating in Japanese with Brazilian officers

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-92-36)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-92-36)
Officers' appreciation for Nisei soldiers

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 45 (ddr-densho-1000-92-45)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 45 (ddr-densho-1000-92-45)
Liberating the town of Bruyeres, Japanese American officers are mistaken for Chinese

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-92-42)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-92-42)
An officer earns the respect of his men by dodging fire faster than a younger soldier

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

API