Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (618)
Education (946)

946 items
Betty Morita Shibayama Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-152-23)
vh Betty Morita Shibayama Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-152-23)
Attending grammar school in Minidoka; memories of a teacher who nearly used the term "Jap"
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-164-19)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-164-19)
Attending school in camp, interviewing school faculty as class reporter
Tsuguo
vh Tsuguo "Ike" Ikeda Interview I Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-123-17)
Participating in camp activities, high school, church, dances

As a teenager prior to World War II, began keeping scrapbooks with newspaper articles and memorabilia, a lifetime habit.

Marion Tsutakawa Kanemoto Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-148-26)
vh Marion Tsutakawa Kanemoto Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-148-26)
Attending a makeshift high school in camp: "it was a very sparse situation"
Akiko Kurose Interview I Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-41-19)
vh Akiko Kurose Interview I Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-41-19)
Graduating from high school in Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho
Tsuguo
vh Tsuguo "Ike" Ikeda Interview II Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-124-2)
Active in establishing camp high school, clubs at Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho

As a teenager prior to World War II, began keeping scrapbooks with newspaper articles and memorabilia, a lifetime habit.

Kats Kunitsugu - Paul Tsuneishi Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-122-17-1)
vh Kats Kunitsugu - Paul Tsuneishi Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-122-17-1)
Reading of an essay written by a student in an concentration camp school

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life …

Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-147-7)
vh Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-147-7)
Tackling difficult issues involving incarceration through lessons and discussions within the classroom
Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-147-11)
vh Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-147-11)
Description of a typical school day for teachers in Minidoka; fond memories of the first school dance
Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-147-10)
vh Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-147-10)
Discussion of students taught at Minidoka: one the whole, positive memories
Bill Hiroshi Shishima Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-393-11)
vh Bill Hiroshi Shishima Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-393-11)
Attending school in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-147-9)
vh Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-147-9)
Comments on whether or not principles of American democracy were taught in Minidoka
Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-147-13)
vh Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-147-13)
Discussion of policy changes taking place at Minidoka, both in regards to leave clearance and the education system
Mas Okui Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1003-13-16)
vh Mas Okui Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1003-13-16)
Attending school in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Sam H. Ono Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1003-2-16)
vh Sam H. Ono Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1003-2-16)
Graduating from high school in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

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