Economic losses

The economic and emotional toll associated with the uprooting of Japanese Americans from their homes and businesses was enormous. The cost was especially high for the issei (first-generation immigrants), who had worked most of their lives to establish financial security for themselves and their children. Many Japanese Americans bitterly recall being forced to sell property, personal belongings, and business equipment for a fraction of their value to opportunistic scavengers. Evacuees could take only what they could carry. They left behind heirlooms, cherished toys, and family pets. Farmers continued to work for a harvest they would never see, told it would be "disloyal" to stop. The bustling Nihonmachis (Japantowns) of the West Coast closed down and never fully recovered, even after the war ended.

World War II (231)
Economic losses (552)

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552 items
Letter to Teru Koyama from Dr. Keizaburo
doc Letter to Teru Koyama from Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama (ddr-one-5-4)
Letter dated January 27, 1942, to Teru Koyama from her husband, Kei Koyama. In the letter Kei writes about receiving the packages mailed to him and advises that the money he sent is to settle business matters in Portland related to his dental office, and asks her not to lease it Dr. S. but to Dr. …
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-10)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Kei Koyama at Fort Missula from his wife, Teru Koyama, in Portland. Postmarked March 24, 1942. In the lower left corner is a "CENSORED" stamp. The enclosed letter, dated March 23, 1942, has the same stamp at the top of the page. Teru writes about receiving his last letter, which made everyone …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 43, No. 7 (August 17, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 43, No. 7 (August 17, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-33)
Selected article titles: "Congressman Cites Masaoka Letter on Restriction of Japan Imports" (p. 1), "Demo platform chairman lauds nisei loyalty" (p. 1), "Army to Curtail Japanese Language at Presidio School" (p. 1), "$187,000 for evacuation claims payment approved for 28 recipients" (p. 1), "Citizenship restoration policy for Tule Lake renunciants established" (p. 2), "College extension course …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 10 (March 9, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 10 (March 9, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-10)
Selected article titles: "Lane-Hillings Evacuation Claims Bill Unanimously Passed by House" (p. 1), "Asia Reds keep up discrimination tales" (p. 1), "JACL Asks FBI Hunt 'Lincoln Yamamoto'" (p. 1), "Bob Sakata honored Colorado's young farmer of year" (p. 2), "Oregon governor praises Japanese Americans, say 'no group has better earned' right to citizenship at Snake River …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 13 (March 30, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 13 (March 30, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-13)
Selected article titles: "Editorial: The Wronged Nisei" (p. 1), " House approves $588,000 for payment of claims in 2nd supplemental bill" (p. 1), "Dick Arimoto named president of Rotary Club in Redwood City" (p. 1), "Vandals blast mailbox of Nisei" (p. 1), "New word: acculturation" (p. 2), "Japanese cultural heritage can enrich America, advises Issei naturalized …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 43, No. 3 (July 20, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 43, No. 3 (July 20, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-29)
Selected article titles: "Claimants requested to refrain from writing Dep't of Justice for 60 days as all claims being reviewed under 1955 amendment" (p. 1), "Kibei fired as security risk in plea to Eisenhower" (p. 1), "Action unlikely on committee ok'd bill to return war vested property" (p. 1), "Renunciation law and segregation termed by Myer …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 24 (June 15, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 24 (June 15, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-24)
Selected article titles: "Claims bill ready for consideration on Senate floor within two weeks" (p. 1), 'Alien Land Law Repeal Measure Set as Prop. 13" (p. 1), "Nat'l JACL Director Satow visits Nation's capital, visits with California congressmen" (p. 1), "Reveal identity of Nisei meeting housing bias in SF area as Richmond-El Cerrito CLer" (p. 1), …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 9 (March 2, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 9 (March 2, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-9)
Selected article titles: "Lane-Hillings evacuation claims bill slated for Mar. 5 consent calendar" (p. 1), "Newsweek Backs Nisei Loyalty, Regrets Letter" (p. 1), "Self-sacrifice of Marysville JACLers during flood emergency lauded as finest page in JACL history written by a chapter" (p. 2), "Hollywood CL aids Shonien with $104" (p. 3), "Cincinnati Mayor Charles Taft to …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 14 (April 6, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 14 (April 6, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-14)
Selected article titles: "Jr JACL program adopted for 14th national convention" (p. 1), "Picture-bride practice reversed as eight Nisei fly to Japan to be married" (p. 1), "Escheat case fight on appeal; JACL to sign amicus brief" (p. 1), "Justice Dep't orders certain claims to be heard by examiner" (p. 1), "Hilo Nisei doctor at Oak …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 26 (June 29, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 26 (June 29, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-26)
Selected article titles: "House concurs with Senate on claims. JACL to urge President to sign evacuation claims amendment bill" (p. 1), "14th Biennial Convention Program Announced by JACL Headquarters"(p. 1), "Teenage gang war breaks out" (p. 1), "ACLU scores federal housing program lag" (p. 1), "Expiration date of Watkins Act for Nisei voting in Japan elections …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 25 (June 22, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 25 (June 22, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-25)
Selected article titles: "Senate unanimously approves claim bill amendment, need House okay. Senate version limits compromise to $100,000; House bill has no ceiling" (p. 1), "JACL Urges House By-Pass Confab On Senate Action" (p. 1), "President signs amendment to Fulbright Act" (p. 1), "Sacramento Japanese area to be demolished soon" (p. 1), ""Ex-Seattle Nisei attends first …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 3 (July 17, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 3 (July 17, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-29)
Selected article titles: "Evacuee claimant's private bill to extend filing deadline vetoed" (p. 1), "Hawaiian statehood certain to affect racial policies of Australia, New Zealand" (p. 2), "Names hurt like sticks, stones" (p. 7), "California fair housing bill signed, affects FHA-VA homes" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 4 (July 24, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 4 (July 24, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-30)
Selected article titles: "U.C. regents clear campus of fraternity bias" (p. 1), "Idaho Nisei regains U.S. citizenship as private bill signed" (p. 1), "JACL support of returning vested property told in detail" (p. 1), "Father LaFarge takes issue with stand of Eisenhower on civil rights legislation" (p. 1), "Saibara Family credited by American rice industry for …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 16 (April 17, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 16 (April 17, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-16)
Selected article titles: "Yen debt claimants seeking pre-war exchange rate" (p. 1), "Cal. FEPC bill signature by governor due" (p. 1), "442nd RCT linked with famous U.S. Army regiments of history" (p. 1), "Nisei greeted as 5-millionth visitor of United Nations" (p. 1), "Fair housing bill in Minnesota reported" (p. 1), "'Nothing in common' between language …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 15 (April 10, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 15 (April 10, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-15)
Selected article titles: "Calif. FEPC set, Senate approves 30-5" (p. 1), "$1.2 million appropriation bill for evacuee claims asked" (p. 1), "Old-age assistance bill to aid Issei held in Assembly Comm." (p. 1), "Cal. Senate passes miscegenation law" (p. 1), "Wartime renunciant program review nearly completed by U.S." (p. 1), "Chicago JACL membership challenge with west …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 2 (July 10, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 2 (July 10, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-28)
Selected article titles: "JACL protests use of vested property to settle Japanese war claims" (p. 1), "Fathers in Japan losing traditional dominance in family, delinquency mounts" (p. 1), "Close association of Zen Buddhism with beatniks doesn't disturb Zen philosopher" (p. 1), "55 AJAs on general election ballot for Hawaii legislature" (p. 3), "Rep. Roosevelt bill to …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 6 (August 11, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 6 (August 11, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-32)
Selected article titles: "JACL Urges Vested Property Bill Be Reported by House" (p. 1), "Northwest Picture: 12th Seafair Sails into Sunset" (p. 2), and "PSWDC Delegates Hear Progress Report of Issei Story Project, Simple Questionnaires for Issei Made Available" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 9 (March 3, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 9 (March 3, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-9)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Supreme Court Decides Cases Affecting Civil Rights: Court to Review Denaturalization Law Passed by Congress" (p. 1), "'Life' Magazine Rebuked for Insisting 'Jap' as Colloquial" (p. 1), and "Full Return or Compensation for Confiscated Japanese Property by U.S. Urged in Report" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 9 (August 31, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 9 (August 31, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-35)
Selected article titles: "San Francisco Housing Authority Refuses to Admit Non-Citizen Aged" (p.1), "Congress Passes Amendment to Rid Poll Taxes" (p.1), "Congress Expected to Act No-Tax Claims Bill this Week" (p.1), "San Francisco Board of Education Closes New Jr. High School to Avert Racial Strife" (p.3), "Puyallup Valley Steps Up Campaign on Land Law Repeal" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 7 (August 17, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 7 (August 17, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-33)
Selected article titles: "Evacuation Claims Clarification" (p.1), "Kennedy Asked to Direct IRS Defer Action on Tax Claim" (p.1), "Religious Freedom for U.S. Buddhists" (p.2), "Nisei Rebuffed 20 Years Ago by Bakers Union Voted Head of Retail Bakers Group" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 22 (June 1, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 22 (June 1, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-22)
Selected article titles: "Congressional Help Being Considered for Evacuee Tax Probe" (p.1), "'Varsity Victory Volunteers' Remembered as U. of Hawaii's Contribution to War Effort" (p.1), "California-Trained Farmers Make Good" (p.2), "Juvenile Delinquency Costs U.S. Taxpayers $4,000 a Year to Keep Youngster in State School-Twice Tuition to First-Rate Prep School" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 8 (August 24, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 8 (August 24, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-34)
Selected article titles: "Legislative Progress to Tax-Exempt Claims Seen, Committee Oks King Bill" (p.1), "House Approves WW2 Claims Bill" (p.1), "Nihonmachi Project Diagrams Presented" (p.1), "'Are You Really an America!' Badgers Nisei Students with UCLA's Project India" (p.1), "Internal Revenue Service Slashes Open a Wound" (p.2), "Pearl Harbor Spy Story Interest Revived by German Window's Suit …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 10 (September 7, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 10 (September 7, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-36)
Selected article titles: "Congress Adopts No-Tax Bill" (p.1-2, 4), "Race Discrimination in Labor Unions Next NAACP Target" (p.1), "Loneliness and Sharks Greatest Problems on Epic Solo Voyage Across Pacific Ocean, Kenichi Horie Reveals" (p.2), "Gunplay during Nisei Week Fells Youth, Two Sansei Brothers Held" (p.3), "Oakland JACL in Appeal to Community to Guard Against Damage to …
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