164 items
Memo from Delos Emmons to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-45)
doc Memo from Delos Emmons to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-45)
Memorandum from Delos Emmons, Lieutenant General, U.S. Army, to John J. McCloy, Assistant Secretary of War, regarding a previous report on the Japanese in Hawaii. In this memo, Emmons refutes much of the information in the report. He dispels many of the rumors about the Hawaiian Japanese and admonishes the author of the report for being ...
Testimony of Seiyei Wakukawa (ddr-densho-67-145)
doc Testimony of Seiyei Wakukawa (ddr-densho-67-145)
Written testimony of Seiyei Wakukawa, born in Japan, immigrated to Hawaii at an early age. Incarcerated in Lordsburg internment camp, New Mexico. This testimony was presented at the CWRIC hearing in Seattle, Washington, on Wednesday, September 9, 1981, in the section titled "The Hawaiian Experience." Personal information excised by Densho.
Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-52)
doc Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-52)
Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy requesting information on the 400 evacuated Japanese. Very concerned with whether Hawaiian Japanese should be isolated or permitted contact with mainland Japanese. Indicates a belief that Hawaiian Japanese will infect mainland Japanese. McCloy also asks Emmons if he can stop evacuation without compromising security. Evacuated Japanese prove to ...
Memo to John J. McCloy from Dwight Eisenhower (ddr-densho-67-67)
doc Memo to John J. McCloy from Dwight Eisenhower (ddr-densho-67-67)
Memo to John J. McCloy from Dwight Eisenhower on Hawaiian-Japanese evacuation plans. States that evacuation and detention "in a concentration camp" has been approved, including "enemy aliens" and U.S. citizens.
Report:
doc Report: "The Hawaiian Groups" (ddr-densho-67-66)
Report written for the WRA on Hawaiian evacuees in the U.S. Describes the status of Hawaiian evacuees based upon the observations by the author at a "swank dinner party." The author concludes that evacuation to the mainland was not voluntary and the conditions at Jerome were harsh for the Hawaiian evacuees. Also noted tensions between mainland ...
Memo from Lt. Hall to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-53)
doc Memo from Lt. Hall to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-53)
Memo from Lt. Hall to John McCloy on possible consequences of evacuating and repatriating Hawaiian Japanese. Namely that they will either come into contact with enemy spies on the mainland or they will go back to Japan with crucial information. Suggests waiting four months before evacuating and repatriating and after that confining them to "concentration camps." ...
Letter from Commander John Ford to Frank Knox about the Japanese in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-47)
doc Letter from Commander John Ford to Frank Knox about the Japanese in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-47)
Letter from Commander John Ford to Frank Knox about the Japanese in Hawaii. He warns about the infiltration of "disloyals" and stresses the failure of the FBI and military in controlling the situation. Also mentions the Big Five's dependence on skilled Japanese labor. Knox forwards this to President Roosevelt urging him to consider evacuating all Japanese ...
Memo to John J. McCloy regarding Kibei in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-59)
doc Memo to John J. McCloy regarding Kibei in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-59)
Memo to John McCloy from unknown source regarding Hawaiian Kibei parolees. The author states that he had been paroling Kibei considered least dangerous and monitoring them as an alternative to transfering them to the mainland. This process only applied to a tiny population so the military would not be accused of "relaxing their vigilence." Author also ...
Letter from Col. William Scobey to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-67-56)
doc Letter from Col. William Scobey to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-67-56)
Letter from Col. William Scobey to Dillon Myer regarding Gen. Emmons' response to halting evacuation of Hawaiian Japanese to the mainland. Emmons agreed to suspend evacuation except for those who "would be considered safe" in the mainland. Emmons also states that the response to the all-nisei team was favorable and projects 10,000 nisei volunteers. He suggests ...
Testimony of Mark Murakami (ddr-densho-67-142)
doc Testimony of Mark Murakami (ddr-densho-67-142)
Written testimony of Mark Murakami, president of the Hongwanji Mission Society in Hawaii. This testimony was presented at the CWRIC hearing in Seattle, Washington, on Wednesday, September 9, 1981, in the section titled "The Hawaiian Experience." Personal information excised by Densho.
Memo from Dillon S. Myer to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-62)
doc Memo from Dillon S. Myer to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-62)
Memo from Dillon S. Myer to John J. McCloy on Hawaiian-Japanese evacuees. Asks McCloy to inform General Emmons to stop evacuation to the mainland. Describes situation at Jerome where Hawaiian Japanese have been difficult -- unwilling to work, answering "no" on the loyalty questionnaire. Also, there are no additional resources to provide the evacuees. Myer suggests ...
Memo to Col. Karl Bendetsen from David J. McFadden (ddr-densho-67-61)
doc Memo to Col. Karl Bendetsen from David J. McFadden (ddr-densho-67-61)
Memo to Col. Karl Bendetsen from David J. McFadden on the existing Hawaiian-Japanese evacuation program. Suggests not evacuating Japanese for a number of reasons: evacuation would "cripple" the Hawaiian economy, lack of resources, etc. Suggests small-scale evacuation for people matching certain criteria -- this would be a "token evacuation" to satisfy those who strongly advocated for ...
Memo from J.R. Deane to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-50)
doc Memo from J.R. Deane to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-50)
Memo from J.R. Deane to John McCloy officially rescinding the previous order to evacuate Hawaiian Japanese to the mainland. This new order states that any person of Japanese ancestry "considered as potentially dangerous to national security" will be interned in Hawaii.
Memo from William P. Scobey to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-67-54)
doc Memo from William P. Scobey to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-67-54)
Memo from William P. Scobey to Dillon Myer summarizing a previous message sent to General Delos Emmons about evacuating Hawaiian Japanese. Outlines four major problems with evacuation to the mainland, including legal complications, lack of resources, and potential for tensions between Hawaiian and mainland Japanese. Advises Emmons to reconsider evacuation program.
Memo from General Emmons to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-51)
doc Memo from General Emmons to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-51)
Memo from General Emmons to John McCloy on nisei in the military. Gives statistics on Nisei in the military in Hawaii and suggests that even though they stopped accepting Nisei in the military creating an all-Nisei combat unit would improve security issues in Hawaii. Emmons says that 300 Nisei already volunteered, an indication of potential success ...
Letter from Col. William Scobey to Gen. Delos Emmons (ddr-densho-67-55)
doc Letter from Col. William Scobey to Gen. Delos Emmons (ddr-densho-67-55)
Letter from Col. William Scobey to Gen. Delos Emmons on the status of Japanese Americans on mainland. Discusses failure of voluntary induction in the army due to "resentment" and "anti-American" kibei and issei. Mentions segregation of loyals and disloyals as not happening because of lack of space. Suggests to Emmons that these complications have prevented evacuation ...
Report:
doc Report: "A War-Time Problem: The Japanese in Hawaii" (ddr-densho-67-63)
Extensive report based mainly on observations and U.S. census materials. Argues that Japanese are a threat to military security in Hawaii and something must be done to handle the situation. Presents a number of facts that he thinks support this, analyzes these facts, and suggests possible plans. These include total evacuation of certain areas, creation of ...
Testimony of Earl Nishimura (ddr-densho-67-139)
doc Testimony of Earl Nishimura (ddr-densho-67-139)
Written testimony of Earl Nishimura, President of the Honolulu, Hawaii, Chapter of the Japanese American Citizens League. This testimony was presented at the CWRIC hearing in Seattle, Washington, on Wednesday, September 9, 1981, in the section titled "The Hawaiian Experience." Personal information excised by Densho.
American Concentration Camps VOLUME 8 1944 and 1945 Japanese of Hawaii (ddr-densho-372-8)
doc American Concentration Camps VOLUME 8 1944 and 1945 Japanese of Hawaii (ddr-densho-372-8)
Volume 8 divides into five sections. Description about this volume reads directly from the book as follows: Part 1 features archival documents from 1944 and 1945 that depict the winding down of the relocation program. Part 2 features selected pages of a Congressional Record from February 23, 1944 and June 23, 1944 that resulted in the ...
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 83 (November 11, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-70)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 83 (November 11, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-70)
"Japanese Medical Profs Study Hiroshima's "Victim No. 1" (p. 1), "Foreign Language School Act of '43 in Hawaii Ruled Unconstitutional" (p. 1) "Oyama Sees Peril of Comeback Try by Wartime Heads" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 5 (January 15, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-172)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 5 (January 15, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-172)
"Hawaii Pushes ENI Measure" (p. 1), "Additional Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 1), "They'll Consider Equality Bill" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 20 (March 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-7)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 20 (March 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-7)
"Fort Denies GI's in Town Saturday Night" (p. 1), "Pay Differences Peril Continuance of Salmon Industry" (p. 1), "Most Japanese Unaffected by Deportation Rule" (p. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 86 (October 16, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-148)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 86 (October 16, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-148)
""Our Job Not Yet Complete' Williams Says as He Extends Chest Drive One More Week. Leader Cites Grave Need to Hit Goal. Youngsters Do Their Share. Area Expects to End Push by Oct. 18" (pg. 1), "Japanese Third of Hawaii" (pg. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 81 (October 11, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-249)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 81 (October 11, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-249)
"Dual Citizens May Get Vested Property Back" (p. 1), "Story of 442nd Another Hollywood Step to Combat Racial, Religious Prejudice" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 7 (January 24, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-4)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 7 (January 24, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-4)
"Finch Starts Drive to Aid Hawaii GI's" (p. 1),"Urges Improvement of "Blighted' Areas" (p. 1), "L.A. Council Hits Land Law Section" (p. 1).
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