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171 items
Testimony of Lawrence D. Kumabe (ddr-densho-67-146)
doc Testimony of Lawrence D. Kumabe (ddr-densho-67-146)
Written testimony of Lawrence D. Kumabe of Hawaii. This testimony was presented at the CWRIC hearing in Seattle, Washington, on Wednesday, September 9, 1981, in the section titled "The Hawaiian Experience." Personal information excised by Densho.
Testimony of Franklin Odo (ddr-densho-67-140)
doc Testimony of Franklin Odo (ddr-densho-67-140)
Written testimony of Franklin Odo, Associate Professor and Director of the Ethnic Studies Program at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. This testimony was presented at the CWRIC hearing in Seattle, Washington, on Wednesday, September 9, 1981, in the section titled "The Hawaiian Experience." Personal information excised by Densho.
Testimony of Henry Tanaka (ddr-densho-67-143)
doc Testimony of Henry Tanaka (ddr-densho-67-143)
Written testimony of Henry Tanaka, from Hawaii. He was incarcerated at Sand Island and Honouliuli internment camps, Hawaii. This testimony was presented at the CWRIC hearing in Seattle, Washington, on Wednesday, September 9, 1981, in the section titled "The Hawaiian Experience." Personal information excised by Densho.
Series of responses to a letter (ddr-densho-67-46)
doc Series of responses to a letter (ddr-densho-67-46)
A series of responses to a letter written by Congressman Charles F. Ayer to John W. McCormack regarding the "Jap menace" in Hawaii. Urges the evacuation of all Japanese from Hawaii to the mainland to protect from invasion. McCormack forwards this letter to Henry L. Stimson. Thos. T. Handy, assistant chief of staff, forwards the McCormack …
Testimony of Iwao Kosaka (ddr-densho-67-144)
doc Testimony of Iwao Kosaka (ddr-densho-67-144)
Written testimony of Iwao Kosaka, born in Honolulu Hawaii. Spent most of childhood in Japan, incarcerated in Sand Island internment camp, Hawaii. This testimony was presented at the CWRIC hearing in Seattle, Washington, on Wednesday, September 9, 1981, in the section titled "The Hawaiian Experience." Personal information excised by Densho.
Memo:
doc Memo: "Japanese Problem in Hawaii" (ddr-densho-67-64)
Memo to Col. Scobey from G.S. Eckhardt regarding the Japanese in Hawaii, specifically Gen. Emmons' power to evacuate. Suggests that Emmons is currently evacuating all aliens and "dangerous" citizens to the mainland, but cannot send more than 5,000.
Testimony of Patsy Saiki (ddr-densho-67-141)
doc Testimony of Patsy Saiki (ddr-densho-67-141)
Written testimony of Patsy Saiki of Honolulu, Hawaii. This testimony was presented at the CWRIC hearing in Seattle, Washington, on Wednesday, September 9, 1981, in the section titled "The Hawaiian Experience." Personal information excised by Densho.
Memo from the office of John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-58)
doc Memo from the office of John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-58)
Memo from the office of John J. McCloy to an unknown recipient regarding transfer of Hawaiian Kibei to Tule Lake. Author states that Kibei cannot be transferred due to lack of facilities and the fear that the Kibei will add to a growing militant section of internees. This would be problematic because the Japanese military might …
Memo:
doc Memo: "Evacuation of Japanese from Hawaii" (ddr-densho-67-48)
Memo from John McCloy to General Eisenhower giving reasons against incarcerating Hawaiian Japanese: lack of materials and shipping, labor shortage that would ensue, and possible tensions between mainland and Hawaiian Japanese. McCloy also worries about the legalities of evacuating Hawaiian Japanese. Suggests that General Emmons should be in charge of evacuating a select number of "enemy …
Series of memos regarding the Japanese in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-65)
doc Series of memos regarding the Japanese in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-65)
Series of memos regarding the Japanese in Hawaii. Memo 1: from Frank Knox to President Roosevelt. He suggests that proper action against the Japanese in Hawaii is not being taken and urges the President to look into the matter. Memo 2: Henry Stimson to President Roosevelt. Assures the President that the situation is under control -- …
Message to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-57)
doc Message to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-57)
Message from unknown source to John J. McCloy on Kibei in Hawaii. Discusses the professed loyalty or disloyalty to the U.S. of the Kibei - author states that all Kibei are probably disloyal. Requests transfer of interned, "loyal" Hawaiian Kibei to mainland camps because if those loyal Kibei filed a writ of habeas corpus in Hawaii, …
Transcript of conversation between Col. Bendetsen and Lt. Hall (ddr-densho-67-49)
doc Transcript of conversation between Col. Bendetsen and Lt. Hall (ddr-densho-67-49)
Conversation between Col. Bendetsen and Lt. Hall on General Emmons and his powers regarding evacuation to the mainland. They discuss how Emmons does not wish to evacuate more than 3,000 Japanese. References to his relationship to the Hawaiian economy are made. They also discuss legal technicalities of Hawaiian evacuation - what powers General Emmons possesses and …
Memo to John J. McCloy from Dwight Eisenhower (ddr-densho-67-67)
doc Memo to John J. McCloy from Dwight Eisenhower (ddr-densho-67-67)
Memo to John J. McCloy from Dwight Eisenhower on Hawaiian-Japanese evacuation plans. States that evacuation and detention "in a concentration camp" has been approved, including "enemy aliens" and U.S. citizens.
Testimony of Seiyei Wakukawa (ddr-densho-67-145)
doc Testimony of Seiyei Wakukawa (ddr-densho-67-145)
Written testimony of Seiyei Wakukawa, born in Japan, immigrated to Hawaii at an early age. Incarcerated in Lordsburg internment camp, New Mexico. This testimony was presented at the CWRIC hearing in Seattle, Washington, on Wednesday, September 9, 1981, in the section titled "The Hawaiian Experience." Personal information excised by Densho.
Report:
doc Report: "The Hawaiian Groups" (ddr-densho-67-66)
Report written for the WRA on Hawaiian evacuees in the U.S. Describes the status of Hawaiian evacuees based upon the observations by the author at a "swank dinner party." The author concludes that evacuation to the mainland was not voluntary and the conditions at Jerome were harsh for the Hawaiian evacuees. Also noted tensions between mainland …
Memo from Delos Emmons to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-45)
doc Memo from Delos Emmons to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-45)
Memorandum from Delos Emmons, Lieutenant General, U.S. Army, to John J. McCloy, Assistant Secretary of War, regarding a previous report on the Japanese in Hawaii. In this memo, Emmons refutes much of the information in the report. He dispels many of the rumors about the Hawaiian Japanese and admonishes the author of the report for being …
Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-52)
doc Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-52)
Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy requesting information on the 400 evacuated Japanese. Very concerned with whether Hawaiian Japanese should be isolated or permitted contact with mainland Japanese. Indicates a belief that Hawaiian Japanese will infect mainland Japanese. McCloy also asks Emmons if he can stop evacuation without compromising security. Evacuated Japanese prove to …
Memo from Lt. Hall to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-53)
doc Memo from Lt. Hall to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-53)
Memo from Lt. Hall to John McCloy on possible consequences of evacuating and repatriating Hawaiian Japanese. Namely that they will either come into contact with enemy spies on the mainland or they will go back to Japan with crucial information. Suggests waiting four months before evacuating and repatriating and after that confining them to "concentration camps." …
Letter from Commander John Ford to Frank Knox about the Japanese in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-47)
doc Letter from Commander John Ford to Frank Knox about the Japanese in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-47)
Letter from Commander John Ford to Frank Knox about the Japanese in Hawaii. He warns about the infiltration of "disloyals" and stresses the failure of the FBI and military in controlling the situation. Also mentions the Big Five's dependence on skilled Japanese labor. Knox forwards this to President Roosevelt urging him to consider evacuating all Japanese …
Memo to John J. McCloy regarding Kibei in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-59)
doc Memo to John J. McCloy regarding Kibei in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-59)
Memo to John McCloy from unknown source regarding Hawaiian Kibei parolees. The author states that he had been paroling Kibei considered least dangerous and monitoring them as an alternative to transfering them to the mainland. This process only applied to a tiny population so the military would not be accused of "relaxing their vigilence." Author also …
Testimony of Mark Murakami (ddr-densho-67-142)
doc Testimony of Mark Murakami (ddr-densho-67-142)
Written testimony of Mark Murakami, president of the Hongwanji Mission Society in Hawaii. This testimony was presented at the CWRIC hearing in Seattle, Washington, on Wednesday, September 9, 1981, in the section titled "The Hawaiian Experience." Personal information excised by Densho.
Letter from Col. William Scobey to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-67-56)
doc Letter from Col. William Scobey to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-67-56)
Letter from Col. William Scobey to Dillon Myer regarding Gen. Emmons' response to halting evacuation of Hawaiian Japanese to the mainland. Emmons agreed to suspend evacuation except for those who "would be considered safe" in the mainland. Emmons also states that the response to the all-nisei team was favorable and projects 10,000 nisei volunteers. He suggests …
Memo to Col. Karl Bendetsen from David J. McFadden (ddr-densho-67-61)
doc Memo to Col. Karl Bendetsen from David J. McFadden (ddr-densho-67-61)
Memo to Col. Karl Bendetsen from David J. McFadden on the existing Hawaiian-Japanese evacuation program. Suggests not evacuating Japanese for a number of reasons: evacuation would "cripple" the Hawaiian economy, lack of resources, etc. Suggests small-scale evacuation for people matching certain criteria -- this would be a "token evacuation" to satisfy those who strongly advocated for …
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