The Japanese American Citizens League

The Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) was organized in the late 1920s by a small group of young, professional nisei in response to the anti-Japanese fervor of the times. The organization was decidedly patriotic and dealt with discrimination by emphasizing American citizenship, loyalty, and assimilation. Because of their ideology, JACL members were recruited by the military to assist in carrying out the "evacuation" orders, and they urged Japanese Americans to cooperate with the government. The group inspired strong, mixed feelings among Japanese Americans during this time. However, in the years following the war, the JACL regained much of its former support by successfully overturning many legal barriers for Japanese Americans.

Community activities (843)
Associations and organizations (327)
The Japanese American Citizens League (1601)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Warren Furutani, Japanese American Citizens League, Saburo Kido, James Sakamoto, Masao Satow, Walter Tsukamoto, Edison Uno

1601 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 7 (February 22, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 7 (February 22, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-7)
Selected article titles: "Priorities: JACL Since 1972" (p. 1), "JACL-National Board: Impeachment Issue Swirls" (p. 1), and "Manzanar Site as Part of State Parks Plan Seen" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 9 (March 8, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 9 (March 8, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-9)
Selected article titles: "$30,000 More Needed to Meet JACL Budget" (p. 1), "Washington Newsletter: Protecting the 'Image'" (p. 2), and "Cortez Growers Now 50 Years, Gross $4-Million" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 11 (March 22, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 11 (March 22, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-11)
Selected article titles: "Priorities: Our JACL Staffers" (p. 1), "Who Can Bowl in JACL Tournament" (pp. 1-2), "Washington Newsletter: What Can I Do About P.R.?" (p. 2), and "Rep. Chet Holifield: Calif. Congressmen Remembered for Opposing Japanese Evacuation in 1942" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Supplement to 1974 Holiday Issue (December 20-27, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Supplement to 1974 Holiday Issue (December 20-27, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-51)
Supplement to 1974 holiday issue. Selected article titles: "Issei as Technical Advisers to Japan" (pp. 1, 10), "'42 Hysteria Led to Concentration Camps" (pp. 1, 3), "U.S.-Canada Nikkei Alliance Urged" (pp. 1, 11), and "National Constitution Japanese American Citizens League" (pp. 8-9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 21 (May 31, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 21 (May 31, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-21)
Selected article titles: "Priorities: JACL Bowling Issue" (p. 1), "U.S. Census Report--1970: Intermarriage Statistics" (p. 1), "JACL--National Convention: Non-Bias Policy Inside JACL Eyed" (p. 1), and "Book Review: Novel of Japanese Expatriates" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 19 (November 7, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 19 (November 7, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-44)
Selected article titles: "Inouye, Mineta Questioning Big Government Spending" (pp. 1, 3), "JACL Gets $75,000 Catholic Grant" (pp. 1-2), "E.O. 9066 Reparations Poll in Favor of Payment to Evacuees" (p. 1), "Poston Indians Welcome Pilgrimage" (p. 5), and "Dances in Camp" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 9 (August 29, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 9 (August 29, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-34)
Selected article titles: "JACL--National Travel Program: 11 Charter Flights to Japan Being Planned for 1976" (p. 1), "JACL Weak Points Viewed" (pp. 1, 4), "1975 Nisei Week Queen and Court" (p. 4), and "Poston: As It Looked in '69" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 10 (March 14, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 10 (March 14, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-10)
Selected article titles: "National Dialogue: National Advocacy" (p. 1), "Internment Enough Penalty Judge Decides" (p. 1), "What Nat'l Staff Has Wrought in Half Year" (pp. 1-2), and "Minority One: Employment Discrimination: What to Do About It" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 15 (April 18, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 15 (April 18, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-15)
Selected article titles: "National Dialogue: Planning and Research" (pp. 1-2), "Wider Ethnic Tally Likely in 1980, Says Census Chief" (p. 1), "U.S. Emotions High to Assist V'Nam Refugees" (p. 1), and "PC Coverage, Features Weighed" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 7 (February 20, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 7 (February 20, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-7)
Selected article titles: "To the Point: Ushio's Record" (p. 1), "Nat'l Faces 100-G Deficit" (p. 1), "Ye Editor's Desk: An Uncompromising Hayakawa" (p. 1), and "Concent. Camps" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 6 (August 6, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 6 (August 6, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-31)
Selected article titles: "Rumsfeld Praises Nisei War Record" (p. 1), "National Council Narrative: Final Session: Policies, Budget, Election" (pp. 1-3), and "Policy Statements" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 25 (June 25, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 25 (June 25, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-25)
Selected article titles: "Nisei Veterans in Mass Tribute to Buddies at D.C." (pp. 1-2), "From JACL National Headquarters Communications: Committee for Iva Toguri" (p. 1), "A Nisei in Japan: In Search of Identity" (p. 2), and "Plain Speaking: Tough Issues and Decisions" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 12 (March 26, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 12 (March 26, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-12)
Selected article titles: "JACL--Organizational Structure: Appraising JACL: A Need for Change" (p. 1), "'Go for Broke!' vs. 'Farewell to Manzanar'" (pp. 1-2), "Mixed Marriage Rate Among Japanese in San Francisco Still 6 Out of 10" (p. 1), and "Washington Newsletter: In Memoriam: Mas Satow" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 4 (July 23, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 4 (July 23, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-29)
Selected article titles: "JACLers Helping Idaho Flood Victims" (p. 1), "National Council Narrative: 3rd Day Highlights: Reports, Resolutions" (pp. 1-3), and "A Nisei in Japan: 'The 4th' on the 5th" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 10 (September 5, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 10 (September 5, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-35)
Selected article titles: "Rice Bill Seeks Lower Prices" (p. 1), "Gila River Camp High School Grads Hold 30-Year Reunion, Eye 1980 Meet" (p. 1), "Potshots: Hard Working Chapters" (p. 2), and "Plain Speaking: Reparations Campaign" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 14 (April 11, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 14 (April 11, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-14)
Selected article titles: "To the Point: Goals and Programs" (p. 1), "WW2 Internment Camp at Crystal City for Nikkei May Be Texas Landmark" (p. 1), "First Canadian Japanese History in English by Dr. Shimpo Due in Summer" (p. 1), and "National Dialogue: Developing Leaders" (pp. 1-2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 16 (April 25, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 16 (April 25, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-16)
Selected article titles: "Nat'l Board Probe Opposed" (p. 1), "'A Hell No': Mineta Responds to President's Speech" (p. 1), and "Chicago JACL Denounces Secret Police Files on Organizations and Individuals" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 25 (June 27, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 25 (June 27, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-25)
Selected article titles: "JACL--Special Board Meeting: Opening Topics on Agenda Heated" (pp. 1-2), "Evacuee Reparations Theme of John Dean Speech at JACL-TDC" (p. 1), and "Book Review: Two Important Bibliographies" (p. 4).
Fourth biennial Japanese American Citizens League convention (ddr-densho-259-305)
img Fourth biennial Japanese American Citizens League convention (ddr-densho-259-305)
Caption by Homer Yasui: "Posed group of JACL [Japanese American Citizens League] members at the 4th biennial national convention held in Seattle, September 1936. There are only some 50-75 people present, which indicates how small the beginnings of JACL were."
Mid-Columbia Bulletin Vol. VII (ddr-one-3-9)
doc Mid-Columbia Bulletin Vol. VII (ddr-one-3-9)
Mid-Columbia Bulletin newsletter. Vol. VII, April 30, 1942. First page in English, gives information about what the Assembly Centers are like and what items may be brought to the Center. Mentions the sale of rice and a typhoid inoculation clinic. The remaining 5 pages are in Japanese.
Mid-Columbia Bulletin Vol. VI (ddr-one-3-8)
doc Mid-Columbia Bulletin Vol. VI (ddr-one-3-8)
Mid-Columbia Bulletin newsletter. Vol. VI, April 22, 1942. Written by the J.A.C.L. (Japanese American Citizens League). Covers preparations for the incarceration of the Japanese American community, including packing, property sales, personal documents (e.g. wills, letters of recommendations, etc.), financial concerns, and other information regarding the evacuation order. Includes a description about what life at the Assembly …
Adelphons Group Photo (ddr-one-1-3)
img Adelphons Group Photo (ddr-one-1-3)
Black and white photographic negative of the Adelphons, a young women's service group of the Portland Chapter of the Japanese American Citizen's League, in formal attire. Back Row (left to right): Sumiko “Sue” (Kawasaki) Fujino, unidentified, Minnie (Oyama) Abe, Ochiyo (Nishioka) Hasuike, unidentified, Mary (Furusho) Iwasaki, Tamae "Butch" Yamamoto, Kathryn (Kawata) Niita, Irene (Kawata) Nakagawa, Sophie …
Adelphons Group Photo (ddr-one-1-1)
img Adelphons Group Photo (ddr-one-1-1)
Original black and white photographic print of the Adelphons, a young women's service group of the Portland Chapter of the Japanese American Citizen's League, in formal attire. Back Row (left to right): Sumiko “Sue” (Kawasaki) Fujino, unidentified, Minnie (Oyama) Abe, Ochiyo (Nishioka) Hasuike, unidentified, Mary (Furusho) Iwasaki, Tamae "Butch" Yamamoto, Kathryn (Kawata) Niita, Irene (Kawata) Nakagawa, …
Adelphons Group Photo (ddr-one-1-2)
img Adelphons Group Photo (ddr-one-1-2)
Black and white photographic negative of the Adelphons, a young women's service group of the Portland Chapter of the Japanese American Citizen's League, in formal attire. Back Row (left to right): Sumiko “Sue” (Kawasaki) Fujino, unidentified, Minnie (Oyama) Abe, Ochiyo (Nishioka) Hasuike, unidentified, Mary (Furusho) Iwasaki, Tamae "Butch" Yamamoto, Kathryn (Kawata) Niita, Irene (Kawata) Nakagawa, Sophie …
Sacramento JACL presents salute to Bob Matsui (ddr-csujad-55-2718)
doc Sacramento JACL presents salute to Bob Matsui (ddr-csujad-55-2718)
Bob Matsui was a graduate at University of California, Berkeley, in 1963. At UC Berkeley, he was both vice-president and president of the Nisei Student Club. In Sacramento, he was actively involved with the JACL and held positions of secretary, delegate to the national convention and chapter president. See this object in the California State Universities …
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