The Japanese American Citizens League

The Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) was organized in the late 1920s by a small group of young, professional nisei in response to the anti-Japanese fervor of the times. The organization was decidedly patriotic and dealt with discrimination by emphasizing American citizenship, loyalty, and assimilation. Because of their ideology, JACL members were recruited by the military to assist in carrying out the "evacuation" orders, and they urged Japanese Americans to cooperate with the government. The group inspired strong, mixed feelings among Japanese Americans during this time. However, in the years following the war, the JACL regained much of its former support by successfully overturning many legal barriers for Japanese Americans.

Community activities (871)
Associations and organizations (537)
The Japanese American Citizens League (1813)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Warren Furutani, Japanese American Citizens League, Saburo Kido, James Sakamoto, Masao Satow, Walter Tsukamoto, Edison Uno

Facilities
Format
Genre
Usage

Use <Ctrl> or (⌘) keys to select multiple terms

1813 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 7 (February 20, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 7 (February 20, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-7)
Selected article titles: "'Hate Crimes': Fight Goes on in Congress, on Streets" (pp. 1-2, 4-5), "Hongo Offers a Poet's View of JA Experience" (pp. 1, 8), "JACL's Future Function" (p. 4), and "Could Matsui Win the '88 Senate Race?" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 12 (March 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 12 (March 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-12)
Selected article titles: "'More Perfect Union': Smithsonian Gets Hate Mail on JA Exhibit" (pp. 1, 3), "Walerga Park: WW2 Assembly Center Site Memorialized with Plaque" (pp. 1, 3), "JACL Personnel Manual: Framework for Discussion" (pp. 4-5), and "Backlash on the Campuses" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 4 (January 30, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 4 (January 30, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-4)
Selected article titles: "Asians Overrepresented?: UC President's Statement Adds to Admissions Debate" (pp. 1, 3), "Who Do We Think We Are?" (p. 4), "Quell the Anti-Asian Bigotry" (p. 5), and "Asian Carry-Out Reopened; Black Demonstrations End" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 1 (January 2-9, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 1 (January 2-9, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-1)
Special New Year edition. Selected article titles: "Jackson: Japan Must Improve Treatment of Minorities" (pp. 1, 13), "Putting Substance Behind Our Words" (p. 8), "1986 Chronology" (pp. 10-12), and "Joseph Heco and the Joseph Heco Society" (pp. 18, 20-21).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 11 (March 20, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 11 (March 20, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-11)
Selected article titles: "Senate Sponsors of Redress Bill Surpass Halfway Mark" (p. 1), "Asian Admissions Task Force Meets with UC President" (pp. 1, 3), "Finding the Funding" (pp. 4-5, 8), and "Funds Raised for LEC: New York Nikkei Commemorate Internment with Jazz" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 6 (September 4, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 6 (September 4, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-31)
Selected article titles: "Peace Conference Commemorates Bombing of City" (p. 1), "'JACL to Come' Explored by Writer" (pp. 1, 5), "Exhibit to Show History of U.S. Nikkei" (pp. 2, 4), and "Letter Reveals Hardships of Post War Japan" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 14 (October 30, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 14 (October 30, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-39)
Selected article titles: "S. 1009 Redress Bill Out of Committee, Revised: Senate Ready to Vote on S.1009; Payment Schedule Explained" (p. 1), "Inouye May Be Next Senate Leader" (pp. 2-3), "Missile Tests: Soviet Action Shocks Matsunaga" (p. 3), and "JACL to Follow Yasuhara Plan After Redress" (pp. 4-5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 8 (February 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 8 (February 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-8)
Selected article titles: "Bill's Backers Optimistic" (pp. 1, 4), "JACL Reacts to INS Plan to Put Arabs in Detention Camp" (pp. 1-2), "The Continuing PC Saga: A Brief Synopsis" (p. 4), and "Solicitations Planned: JACL Explores Ways to Attract Members" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 20 (December 18-25, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 20 (December 18-25, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-45)
Special holiday issue organized into sections A 1-32, B 1-56, and A 33-64. Selected article titles: "The JACL World to Come, According to Toffler" (p. A-3), "JACL in the Year 2000" (p. A-24), "Will Japanese Americans Become Extinct?" (p. B-10), and "The Bird Pines" (pp. B-28-B29, B-48-B-49, B-51). The holiday issue included advertisements bought by JACL …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 9 (March 6, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 9 (March 6, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-9)
Selected article titles: "L.A. County: Commission Reports Rise in Hate Crime" (pp. 1, 3), "Chin Trial Moved to Ohio" (p. 1), "Focus on Japanese Americans: Opening Date, Ceremonies Set for Smithsonian Exhibit" (pp. 1, 4), and "Changes in JACL Personnel Manual Proposed" (pp. 1-2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 2 (July 22-29, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 2 (July 22-29, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-27)
Selected article titles: "Masaoka Warns Resolution Endangers Redress Program" (pp. 1, 10), "Candlelit Lantern Floats, Buddhist-Christian Services to Remember Hibakusha of Hiroshima-Nagasaki" (p. 3), "National JACL Constitution / Bylaws" (pp. 7-10), and "Former Renunciant Charges WW2 Scientist with Defamation" (p. 13).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 19 (May 13, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 19 (May 13, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-19)
Selected article titles: "S.1009 & H.R. 442 in Conference; Final Draft Uncertain: Redress Bills Differ Over 'Eligibility' of Individuals" (p. 1), "JACL-LEC Announces Mailgram Info' (pp. 1, 6), "Munn Letter Urges Reagan to Sign Redress Bill" (pp. 2-3), and "Who Is 'Eligible' for Redress?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 25 (June 24-July 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 25 (June 24-July 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-25)
Selected article titles: "Eligibility Issue on Redress Bill Still Unresolved" (p. 1), "'Dear Colleague' Letter: Conservative Congressmen Urge Colleague Support for Redress" (p. 1), "Nisei Veterans Focus on 1993 Celebration" (pp. 1, 3), and "JACL Candidates for National President Speak Out" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 8 (September 23, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 8 (September 23, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-33)
Selected article titles: "Mineta Bill Would Have Supreme Court Review WW2 Cases" (p. 1), "Census Bill Cleared for House Vote" (p. 1), "EEOC Sues Hyster for Anti-Japanese Ad Campaign, Use of Racial Slurs" (pp. 3-4), and "JACL-LEC Treasurer's Report: Mission Accomplished!" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 3 (August 5-12, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 3 (August 5-12, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-28)
Selected article titles: "Senate Gives H.R. 442 Final Approval, House Next" (pp. 1-2), "Grand Parade to Close '88 Nisei Week" (pp. 1, 7), "No Disgrace in JACL's Admission of Its Wartime Error" (p. 2), and "Violence Against Asians on Important Issue: What Will Replace Redress as JACL's Top Priority?" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 22 (June 2, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 22 (June 2, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-22)
Selected article titles: "Federal Housing Study on Bias to Omit Asians" (p. 1), "JACL-LEC Prepares for 'Post-Redress' Activities" (pp. 1, 4), "Nat'l JACL 1989-90 'Program for Action' Unveiled" (pp. 1-2), and "Omnibus Trade Bill 'Moderate in Nature, but Significant in Achievement,' Says Matsunaga" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 7 (February 19, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 7 (February 19, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-7)
Selected article titles: "LEC Board: Redress 'Looks Good'" (pp. 1, 8), "Budget Tops List of Concerns at Board Meeting" (pp. 1-2), "'Guest Workers' Aren't Welcome" (pp. 3, 6), and "Encouraging Signs for Redress" (pp. 5-6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 17 (November 25, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 17 (November 25, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-42)
Selected article titles: "Coalition Calls for Ethnic Studies Course" (p. 1), "13,639 Names to Be Included: Memorial Honoring Nikkei WW2 Vets, MIS Proposed" (p. 1), "Immigration Control and Reform Act: Mineta, Matsui, Irked by Report" (p. 1), and "Over 175 Attend JACL-Sponsored Redress Workshop" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 20 (May 20, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-20)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 20 (May 20, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-20)
Selected article titles: "Decision Not Unexpected, Says Hohri: Court Sets Back NCJAR Case" (p. 1), "Three JACL Presidential Aspirants Open Campaign at Little Tokyo Forum" (pp. 1-2), "Nakanishi Case: 'Unresolved Questions' at UCLA" (pp. 1, 4), and "Father and Daughter File Lawsuit, Charge Burbank School with Racial Bias" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 1 (July 8-15, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 1 (July 8-15, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-26)
Selected article titles: "Resolution Admitting JACL 'WW2 Errors' Presented to NCWNP" (p. 1), "Top Aides Urge Approval: Reagan Intends to Sign Redress Bill, Says Mercury News Report" (p. 1), and "Part II: JACL Presidential Candidates Respond to Questionnaire" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 23 (June 10, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 23 (June 10, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-23)
Selected article titles: "'Only Fair': Bush Says 'Yes' to Redress" (p. 1), "Nikkei Vietnam Vets Saluted in L.A." (pp. 1, 3), "National Board Motions" (p. 5), and "New JACL Budget Figures in Detail" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 14 (April 14, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 14 (April 14, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-14)
Selected article titles: "House Subcommittee: $250 Million for Redress" (p. 1), "AAJA Presents James Omura with 'Lifetime Achievement Award'" (pp. 1, 5), and "By the Board: Keeping JACL Alive" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 17 (May 5, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 17 (May 5, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-17)
Selected article titles: "House Stalls Emergency Appropriation Bill with $250 Million Redress Payment" (p. 1), "Buddhist Bell Being Returned to Okinawa, a Shuri Castle Relic" (p. 1), "Planning Workshop Sizes Up JACL Strengths & Weaknesses" (p. 3), and "Director's Seat: JACL's Program for Action" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 19 (May 19, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 19 (May 19, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-19)
Selected article titles: "Appropriations Process: Senate-House Conference Approves $150 Million for Redress Payments in FY 1990 Federal Budget" (p. 1), "Japanese Americans Seek to Defend Redress in Court" (p. 1), "Washington Asian Legislator Hails Enactment of 'English Plus' Law" (p. 2), and "By the Board: JACL's 'Mega-Fund' Proposal: Another Perspective" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 16 (April 28, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 16 (April 28, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-16)
Selected article titles: "NCWNPDC, CCDC & PSWDC: JACL Concerns Examined at Reno Tri-District Conference" (p. 1), "Go for Broke National Veterans Association Preparing Gala Golden Anniversary Program for 1993 in Washington" (pp. 1, 3), "From the Frying Pan: Japan's Post-War Success: The Nisei Connection" (p. 4), and "Grassroots Forum: Speculation on JACL's Future" (p. 5).
API