The Japanese American Citizens League

The Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) was organized in the late 1920s by a small group of young, professional nisei in response to the anti-Japanese fervor of the times. The organization was decidedly patriotic and dealt with discrimination by emphasizing American citizenship, loyalty, and assimilation. Because of their ideology, JACL members were recruited by the military to assist in carrying out the "evacuation" orders, and they urged Japanese Americans to cooperate with the government. The group inspired strong, mixed feelings among Japanese Americans during this time. However, in the years following the war, the JACL regained much of its former support by successfully overturning many legal barriers for Japanese Americans.

Community activities (877)
Associations and organizations (544)
The Japanese American Citizens League (1822)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Warren Furutani, Japanese American Citizens League, Saburo Kido, James Sakamoto, Masao Satow, Walter Tsukamoto, Edison Uno

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1822 items
J.A.C.L. 1947 Reflections (ddr-densho-201-462)
doc J.A.C.L. 1947 Reflections (ddr-densho-201-462)
Thirty-five page booklet published by the Japanese American Citizens League. Title on cover: "Reflection." Includes articles, news, gossip columns, sports, poetry, jokes, and drawings.
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 43 (May 19, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-111)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 43 (May 19, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-111)
"Two Congressmen Point Out Wrong of Racial Bias against Minorities; Cite Plight of Japanese Americans" (p. 1), "Senate OK's Citizenship for War Vets" (p. 1), "Endorsements of Evacuation Claims Bills Now Urged by JACL-ADC in D.C.; Hearings Scheduled to Start Friday" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 97 (December 3, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-234)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 97 (December 3, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-234)
"JACL to Submit Memo to U.S. on Claims Matter" (p. 1), "Wash. State Bonus Queries Clarified" (p. 1), "If You Have Any Evacuation Claims, File Before Jan. 2, ADC Suggests" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 72 (September 9, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-241)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 72 (September 9, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-241)
"Truman Must Approve or Veto Walter Bill by Today; Ten-Day Period Ends" (p. 1), "C-B-I Hero's Wife Awaits Truman Okay" (p. 1), "Masaoka, Brilliant ADC Chief, Named to Distinguished Leadership Award" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 76 (September 23, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-245)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 76 (September 23, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-245)
"Prexy Takagi Heads Seattle Group to Eleventh Biennial National JACL Confab in Chicago Sept. 28-Oct. 2" (p. 1), "Five Nisei Pilots Eye Chicago as Final Landing Place; Ohye's Race Will Begin This Sunday" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 10 (February 2, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-177)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 10 (February 2, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-177)
""This is Your Seattle, in Music and Art' to be YW Course" (p. 1), "Kaneko Cites JACL's Work; Eyes Members" (p. 1), "60 Day Visit to Japan May Be Okay Soon" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 1 (January 1, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-262)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 1 (January 1, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-262)
"JACL Reaffirms "Loyal Support to This Land" (p. 1), "The Story of the 442nd" (p. 1), "Christmas is Marked in Tokyo "As Usual" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 14 (February 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-181)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 14 (February 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-181)
"Civil Liberties Unit Hears JACL Leader" (p. 1), "Third Annual N.W. Nisei Basketball Tournament Opens This Friday Night in Buddhist Auditorium; Social Feature Will Be Sports Dance on Sunday Night" (p. 1), "Evacuation Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 88 (December 2, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-74)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 88 (December 2, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-74)
"Attorney General's Approval on Claims Bill Sought. Masaoka Appeals to Folsom in Civil Rights Unit for Aid in Winning Clark's Attention" (p. 1), "Measure Raps Any Anti-Hate Material. N.Y. Solon Notes Bigotry Aids Enemies" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 34 (April 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-102)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 34 (April 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-102)
"A.V.C. Files Brief as Friend of Court in Takahashi Litigation; Assails Bias in Calif. Measure" (p. 1)," Local 7 Alaska Workers to Consider Strike Vote" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 35 (April 21, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-103)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 35 (April 21, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-103)
"Cabanilla Says: Local 7 Will Start "Throwing Punches' in Alaska Talks" (p. 1), "JACL Goes on Record as Backing Prompt Statehood for Hawaii" (p. 1), "U.S. Enters Takahashi Case" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 2 (January 5, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-169)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 2 (January 5, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-169)
"Truman Shows Interest in Rights Bill" (p. 1), "Pa. Solon Vows to Present Measure for Equality in Naturalization" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 1 (January 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-1)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 1 (January 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-1)
"Legislature Will Weigh Proposal to End Bias in Employment" (p. 1), "Ex-OWI Aide Cites Losses of Evacuees" (p. 1), "Where Should Nisei Settle Down? Wherever He is Happy, Writer Thinks" (p. 2), "Nisei Hoopsters Start '47 Season Jan. 8" (p. 3).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 88 (October 23, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-150)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 88 (October 23, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-150)
"Ban Prohibiting Oriental Citizens in Hawaii to Enter U.S. Lifted" (p. 1), "Mimbu, Sakahara to Speak on Problems Relating to Claims Forms on Oct. 27" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 96 (November 20, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-157)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 96 (November 20, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-157)
"Japanese May Soon Win Voting Rights in B.C., Reports Vancouver Scribe" (p. 1), "Masaoka Cites Vital Factors in Legislation" (p. 1), "U.S. GI Comes Home with Japan Bride" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 60 (August 22, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-47)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 60 (August 22, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-47)
"Two-Third of Prewar Japanese Americans Back" (p. 1), "JACL Leader to Speak at Toronto Meet" (p. 1), "Calls Evacuation Unnecessary, Indefensible" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 82 (October 2, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-144)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 82 (October 2, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-144)
"Renunciants Will Receive Rights in "49" (pg. 1), "JACL's Aides, Ennis to Sift Claims Method" (pg. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 104 (December 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-165)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 104 (December 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-165)
"Demo Leader OK's Rights Legislation" (p. 1), "Settlement Nears for Peru Japanese Stranded in U.S., Masaoka Reports" (p. 1), "B.C. to Continue Evacuee Aid" (p. 1), "Claims Queries and Replies" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 41 (June 13, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-29)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 41 (June 13, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-29)
"House Unit Hears Masaoka's Plea for National FEPC Legislation" (p. 1), "H.R. 3771 Asks U.S. Citizenship for Alien Parents of GI's, Vets" (p. 1), "Equal Rights for Nisei in Trade Sought" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 81 (November 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-68)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 81 (November 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-68)
"Nisei War Dead Start for Home" (p. 1), "Naturalization Class to Open For Overseas War Brides" (p. 1), "Civil Rights Committee Adopts JACL-ADC Recommendations" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 22 (March 25, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-9)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 22 (March 25, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-9)
"Text of Masaoka's Speech : Clarifies Japanese-American Situation" (p. 1), "Seeks Linguists" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 29 (April 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-196)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 29 (April 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-196)
"Issei, Nisei May Get Claims Forms for Lost or Damaged Articles" (p. 1), "Bill Gives Atty. - Gen More Power" (p. 1), "Shaft Honors War Dead of This Area" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 24 (April 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-10)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 24 (April 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-10)
"Nisei Vets Will Choose Officers Fri." (p. 1), "Seek MILS Men" (p. 1), "Urge Repeal in U.S. of Alien Status" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 14 (February 11, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-86)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 14 (February 11, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-86)
"Radio-Telephone Service to Japan is Resumed. SCAP Approves Oversea Calls; Wires Cleared for Service" (pg. 1), "Urges Anti-Lynching Bill "with Teeth in it'. Masaoka Cites Violent Acts Against Nisei" (pg. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 43 (May 28, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-210)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 43 (May 28, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-210)
"Canada's Japanese Unit Offices Will be Shut as of July 31" (p. 1), "Three Newspapers Support Passage of Judd's Measure for Equality with Editorials" (p. 1), ""House for Hiroshima' Group Will Depart United States for Japan Friday, Jun 24" (p. 1).
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