The journey

The journey to temporary "assembly centers" was a difficult and disorienting experience. After gathering at designated locations, Japanese Americans were met by armed soldiers and transported in buses, private cars, and trains to sixteen temporary "assembly centers." When they arrived at their new homes -- often hastily refurbished fairgrounds and racetracks -- they were shocked to see barbed-wire fences, guard towers, and searchlights.

World War II (206)
Temporary Assembly Centers (173)
The journey (111)

111 items
Japanese Americans saying goodbye from train (ddr-densho-151-297)
img Japanese Americans saying goodbye from train (ddr-densho-151-297)
Original caption: Woodland, California. Ten cars of evacuees of Japanese ancestry are now aboard and the doors are closed. Their Caucasian friends and the staff of the Wartime Civil Control Administration stations are watching the departure from the platform. Evacuees are leaving their homes and ranches, in a rich agricultural district, bound for Merced Assembly center, …
Young Japanese American during mass removal (ddr-densho-151-40)
img Young Japanese American during mass removal (ddr-densho-151-40)
Original WRA caption: Hayward, California. A young evacuee looks out the window of the evacuation bus before it starts for Tanforan Assembly Center. Evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Unloading baggage from truck (ddr-densho-151-458)
img Unloading baggage from truck (ddr-densho-151-458)
Original caption: Stockton, California. The first day at an assembly center. A new unit of the barracks is being opened today for the eight busloads of arrivals. This photo shows the luggage and bed-rolls which have come in by truck, deposited here for inspection for contraband. Evacuees then take their possessions to the barracks to which …
Japanese American family arriving at Tanforan (ddr-densho-151-156)
img Japanese American family arriving at Tanforan (ddr-densho-151-156)
Original caption: San Bruno, California. Family of Japanese ancestry arrives at assembly center at Tanforan Race Track. Evacuees will be transferred later to War Relocation Authority centers where they will be housed for the duration.
Japanese Americans boarding bus (ddr-densho-151-209)
img Japanese Americans boarding bus (ddr-densho-151-209)
Original caption: Centerville, California. the bus has just arrived and these farm families of Japanese ancestry are being kept intact enroute to the Assembly center.
Japanese Americans arriving at Tanforan (ddr-densho-151-161)
img Japanese Americans arriving at Tanforan (ddr-densho-151-161)
Original caption: San Bruno, California. Families of Japanese ancestry arrive at assembly center at Tanforan Race Track. Evacuees will be transferred later to War Relocation Authority centers where they will be housed for the duration.
Issei woman crying as she boards train (ddr-densho-151-293)
img Issei woman crying as she boards train (ddr-densho-151-293)
Original caption: Woodland, California. Women at railroad station on morning of departure of persons of Japanese ancestry from this agricultural community to the Merced Assembly center. The woman in the dark slack suit is one of the few exhibiting grief on leaving.
Harry Ueno Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1002-7-9)
vh Harry Ueno Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1002-7-9)
The day of mass removal: traveling to Manzanar, California, by bus

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life …

Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1002-5-8)
vh Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1002-5-8)
The journey to Pinedale Assembly Center, California

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing …

Eiichi Edward Sakauye Interview Segment 19 (ddr-jamsj-2-7-19)
vh Eiichi Edward Sakauye Interview Segment 19 (ddr-jamsj-2-7-19)
Journey to Santa Anita Assembly Center, California; description of conditions
Eddie Owada Interview Segment 14 (ddr-manz-1-37-14)
vh Eddie Owada Interview Segment 14 (ddr-manz-1-37-14)
Vivid memories of the trip to Pinedale Assembly Center, California
Mitsuko Hashiguchi Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-12-36)
vh Mitsuko Hashiguchi Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-12-36)
The trip to Pinedale Assembly Center, California: a quiet and depressing train ride
Ted Kitayama Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-334-12)
vh Ted Kitayama Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-334-12)
The train ride to camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Akiko Kurose Interview II Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-42-7)
vh Akiko Kurose Interview II Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-42-7)
Traveling to Puyallup Assembly Center, first impressions

Mrs. Kurose was undergoing treatment for cancer and required frequent breaks and medication to help her with pain management.

Frank Kitamoto Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-35-11)
vh Frank Kitamoto Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-35-11)
Memories of the trip to Manzanar concentration camp, California
Chizuko Norton Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-73-17)
vh Chizuko Norton Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-73-17)
Traveling to Pinedale Assembly Center, California: a dirty train ride
Fumiko Hayashida Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-15-20)
vh Fumiko Hayashida Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-15-20)
Flag waving and pulled blinds on the train ride to Manzanar
Elsie Uyematsu Osajima Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-451-7)
vh Elsie Uyematsu Osajima Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-451-7)
Seeing a teacher on the day of mass removal: "For me it was very humiliating"
George Yoshida Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-132-22)
vh George Yoshida Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-132-22)
Preparing for mass removal: destroying Japanese cultural items, bringing popular music records; traveling to Poston concentration camp, Arizona
Hank Shozo Umemoto Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-294-16)
vh Hank Shozo Umemoto Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-294-16)
The journey by train to camp: talking back to an MP

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department …

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