"War hysteria"

World War II (215)
Pearl Harbor and aftermath (118)
"War hysteria" (105)

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105 items
Memo from Delos Emmons to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-45)
doc Memo from Delos Emmons to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-45)
Memorandum from Delos Emmons, Lieutenant General, U.S. Army, to John J. McCloy, Assistant Secretary of War, regarding a previous report on the Japanese in Hawaii. In this memo, Emmons refutes much of the information in the report. He dispels many of the rumors about the Hawaiian Japanese and admonishes the author of the report for being …
Memo:
doc Memo: "Reported Bombing and Shelling of the West Coast" (ddr-densho-67-19)
Memo to the Attorney General from J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the FBI. Refutes statements made in J.L. DeWitt's Final Report that there was espionage activity conducted by Japanese on the West Coast immediately following Pearl Harbor. The FBI investigated all allegations, and found no evidence to support such claims.
doc "Today And Tomorrow: The Fifth Column On The Coast" (ddr-densho-67-1)
Article written by Walter Lippmann for the Washington Post. Calls on the U.S. government to take action against persons of Japanese ancestry in military zones, aliens and citizens alike.
Memo from James Fly to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-77)
doc Memo from James Fly to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-77)
Memo from James Fly to Francis Biddle on the incompetence of the Army's Intelligence division. Fly informs Biddle that all of the Army's reports on illegal radio signaling were false. Suggests that the Army's Radio Intelligence Division was so inept that they consistently misinterpreted data, which was unquestioned by J.L. DeWitt. Calls the entire division "pathetic" …
Letter titled:
doc Letter titled: "General Sabotage" (ddr-densho-67-37)
Letter from James Hughes, Captain, M.I.D. Intelligence Officer. States that an informant of Japanese ancestry gave information that there would be a signal given for a general wave of sabotage participated in by Germans, Italians, and Japanese.
Memo Re: General DeWitt's report on the Japanese evacuation (ddr-densho-67-75)
doc Memo Re: General DeWitt's report on the Japanese evacuation (ddr-densho-67-75)
Memo from Francis Biddle to Harold Ickes on DeWitt's Final Report. Biddle informs Ickes that parts of DeWitt's report have been refuted by the Federal Communications Commission. Suggests that the information the government received about ship-to-shore signaling and other sabotage was inaccurate.
Interview with James Rowe, Assistant to the Attorney General (ddr-densho-67-83)
doc Interview with James Rowe, Assistant to the Attorney General (ddr-densho-67-83)
Interview with James Rowe, Assistant to the Attorney General. Rowe describes how Executive Order 9066 came about. The Justice Department had been opposed to evacuation but after a meeting with the War Department, Attorney General Francis Biddle changed his mind to support 9066. Rowe and others disagreed with this, but went along with 9066 to keep …
Letter from the FCC to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-76)
doc Letter from the FCC to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-76)
Letter from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to Francis Biddle on radio signaling as described in DeWitt's Final Report. The FCC reviewed their records and found that there was no evidence of any illegal signaling during Dec. 1941 - July 1942. The FCC also refuted two other things that DeWitt told Biddle justifying evacuation - the …
Meeting Minutes from Committee of Immigrant Serving Agencies  meeting on December 11, 1941 (ddr-densho-356-758)
doc Meeting Minutes from Committee of Immigrant Serving Agencies meeting on December 11, 1941 (ddr-densho-356-758)
Meeting Minutes from Committee of Immigrant Serving Agencies meeting on December 11, 1941. Special meeting called to discuss five major problems facing Japanese Americans since the declaration of war. The five issues are: finance, transportation, unemployment, education, and child care.
Interpreter Releases Vol. XVIII No. 57 Series C: The Foreign Born in U.S.A., No. 13 (ddr-densho-356-838)
doc Interpreter Releases Vol. XVIII No. 57 Series C: The Foreign Born in U.S.A., No. 13 (ddr-densho-356-838)
Summery of and full text of President Franklin Roosevelt's Proclamation regarding citizens of Japan in the United States. Summery produced by Common Council for American Unity.
Interpreter Releases Vol. XVIII No. 57 Series C: The Foreign Born in U.S.A., No. 13 Supplement No. II (ddr-densho-356-840)
doc Interpreter Releases Vol. XVIII No. 57 Series C: The Foreign Born in U.S.A., No. 13 Supplement No. II (ddr-densho-356-840)
Supplement to Interpreter Releases Vol. XVIII No. 57 Series C: The Foreign Born in U.S.A., No. 13. Supplement includes three press releases by the Attorney General from between December 10, 1941 and December 14, 1941.
American-made refugees (ddr-densho-381-3)
doc American-made refugees (ddr-densho-381-3)
A report compiling reasons why the forced evacuation of Japanese-Americans from the West Coast was unnecessary and motivated by war hysteria. The report also brings up questions about the constitutionality of the evacuation, in addition to spelling out the effects the evacuation has had in terms of human suffering and economic losses. The report concludes with …
Statement on the testimony of Harold H. Townsend before the House of Representatives Subcommittee (ddr-densho-381-4)
doc Statement on the testimony of Harold H. Townsend before the House of Representatives Subcommittee (ddr-densho-381-4)
A rebuttal of statements made by Harold H. Townsend, former Chief Supply and Transportation Officer, before the House of Representatives Subcommittee of the Special Committee on Un-American Activities. The author, most likely the War Relocation Authority, argues that Townsend's testimony was almost entirely composed of false statements about events and living conditions at the Poston concentration …
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