Economic associations

Since banks would not lend to Japanese immigrants, these enterprising Issei formed groups to pool their resources. For the tanomoshii system of credit, members would contribute monthly to a pooled account and take turns drawing funds to start or expand a business. The Japanese also formed farming cooperatives that helped growers purchase supplies and market their crops. Under this system, a Japanese grower placed his produce on consignment with a Japanese packer-shipper who would sell the produce to a Japanese fruit-stand operator.

Community activities (853)
Associations and organizations (521)
Economic associations (55)

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55 items
22nd Federation of Kumamoto Kaigai Kyokai Conference (ddr-csujad-56-317)
img 22nd Federation of Kumamoto Kaigai Kyokai Conference (ddr-csujad-56-317)
Panoramic photo of attendants of the 22nd Federation of Kumamoto Kaigai Kyokai Conference. It is taken in front of Sebastopol Chamber of Commerce building. The original image is housed with the Sonoma County Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and was borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL. This image belongs to a group of images related …
Tanomoshii meeting (ddr-densho-109-11)
img Tanomoshii meeting (ddr-densho-109-11)
Tanomoshii were savings associations formed for mutual financial support.
Japanese Groups and Associations in the United States: Community Analysis Report No. 3 March 1943 (ddr-densho-356-1031)
doc Japanese Groups and Associations in the United States: Community Analysis Report No. 3 March 1943 (ddr-densho-356-1031)
Japanese Groups and Associations in the United States: Community Analysis Report No. 3 March 1944. Report reviewing Japanese social groups like Kenjinkai to determine if they indicate subversion within membership. Also attempts to determine the differences between Buddhism and Shintoism.
Co-Op News, Vol 1. No. 1 (May 20, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-1)
doc Co-Op News, Vol 1. No. 1 (May 20, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-1)
Selected article titles: "Announcing the First Issue of the Co-Op News!" (p. 1), "Photo Services for Residents" (p. 1), "Questions and Answers" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 2 (May 27, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-2)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 2 (May 27, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-2)
Selected article titles: "When You Relocate - What About Your Money in the Co-Op?" (p. 1), "Questions and Answers" (p. 1), "Dust Storms" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 7 (July 15, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-5)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 7 (July 15, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-5)
Selected article titles: "Co-Op Congress to Elect Nine New Directors" (p. 1), "Photo Studio Temporarily Suspends Picture Taking" (p. 1), "Piece Goods Arriving Daily at Dry Goods Store" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol II. No. 1 (September 2, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-12)
doc Co-Op News, Vol II. No. 1 (September 2, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-12)
Selected article titles: "V.P. to Act as Chairman" (p. 1), "Rate of Rebate Set 15.14% for 2nd Quarter" (p. 1), "Wool Yarns Expected Soon at Dry Goods Store" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 11 (August 12, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-9)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 11 (August 12, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-9)
Selected article titles: "Equity Certificates to be Issued Saturday" (p. 1), "Patrons Urgedto Call for Repaired Shoes Promptly" (p. 1), "Studio Suspends Picture Taking for Two Weeks" (p. 1), "Subscription to Salt Lake Tribune Cancelled" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 8 (July 22, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-6)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 8 (July 22, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-6)
Selected article titles: "Equity Certificates For First Quarter to be Distributed Soon" (p. 1), "Construction on Ice House Started Tuesday" (p. 1), "Picture Taking Resumed" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 13 (August 26, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-11)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 13 (August 26, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-11)
Selected article titles: "Uchida Leaves Co-Op Chairman of the Board" (p. 1), "Announcements" (p. 1), "To the Members" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol 1. No. 4 (June 17, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-4)
doc Co-Op News, Vol 1. No. 4 (June 17, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-4)
Selected article titles: "Result of Buying Trip: Tatsuno, Fujita Return" (p. 1), "Announcement Soon on Photo Studio Opening" (p. 1), "Who Owns the Co-Op?" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 3 (June 10, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-3)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 3 (June 10, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-3)
Selected article titles: "$1,000 Fund for Topaz School Children" (p. 1), "Questions and Answers" (p. 1), "Merchandise is Scarce - Reports Tatsuno from Chicago" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol II. No. 3 (September 9, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-13)
doc Co-Op News, Vol II. No. 3 (September 9, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-13)
Selected article titles: "$136,693.96 Total Revenue During Second Quarter" (p. 1), "Party Honors Tsujisaka, Tule Lake Transferees" (p. 1), "To the Members" (p. 1).
George Toshiyuki Teraoka (ddr-csujad-8-75)
doc George Toshiyuki Teraoka (ddr-csujad-8-75)
Oral history interview with George Toshiyuki Teraoka. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Teraoka, George Toshiyuki
Mr. and Mrs. Masao Nakata (ddr-csujad-8-51)
doc Mr. and Mrs. Masao Nakata (ddr-csujad-8-51)
Oral history interview with Masao and Haruye [Harue] Nakata. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nakata, Mr and Mrs Masao
Stanley Masashi Nagata (ddr-csujad-8-46)
doc Stanley Masashi Nagata (ddr-csujad-8-46)
Oral history interview with Stanley Masashi Nagata. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nagata, Stanley Masashi
Third All Center Enterprises Conference (ddr-csujad-42-226)
img Third All Center Enterprises Conference (ddr-csujad-42-226)
Photographed is a group of the 3rd All Center Enterprises Conference attendees. The annotation on the back side reads: The conference was held at the Gila River camp on December 4, 1944. Representatives from enterprises at all incarceration camps attended it. The photo was taken to commemorate the conference but I [Itsuhei Takano] was unable to …
Gila co-op news, vol. 1, no. 14 (September 21, 1943) (ddr-csujad-42-177)
doc Gila co-op news, vol. 1, no. 14 (September 21, 1943) (ddr-csujad-42-177)
A bilingual newspaper for the Gila co-op. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_85_001
Turlock Farm Corporation notes (ddr-csujad-46-41)
doc Turlock Farm Corporation notes (ddr-csujad-46-41)
Turlock Farm Corporation miscellaneous record, including member names. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0041
農事會社 = Turlock Farm Corporation, ledger cover (ddr-csujad-46-36)
doc 農事會社 = Turlock Farm Corporation, ledger cover (ddr-csujad-46-36)
Turlock Farm Corporation's ledger cover 1928. Cover in Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0036
Turlock Farm Corporation resolution (ddr-csujad-46-40)
doc Turlock Farm Corporation resolution (ddr-csujad-46-40)
Turlock Farm Corporation resolution at a meeting held on 1930 November 8, resolved by the board of directors, stating Katsue Morofuji as secretary. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0040
Meeting minutes, 1919 (ddr-csujad-46-30)
doc Meeting minutes, 1919 (ddr-csujad-46-30)
Turlock Japanese Business Association meeting minutes]. The documents are in Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0030
Turlock Farm Corporation budget record (ddr-csujad-46-38)
doc Turlock Farm Corporation budget record (ddr-csujad-46-38)
Turlock Farm Corporation budget record. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0038
Turlock Farm Corporation Bank of America deposit statement (ddr-csujad-46-43)
doc Turlock Farm Corporation Bank of America deposit statement (ddr-csujad-46-43)
Turlock Farm Corporation, Bank of America deposit statement of $25.00 including check deposit. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0043
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