Economic associations

Since banks would not lend to Japanese immigrants, these enterprising Issei formed groups to pool their resources. For the tanomoshii system of credit, members would contribute monthly to a pooled account and take turns drawing funds to start or expand a business. The Japanese also formed farming cooperatives that helped growers purchase supplies and market their crops. Under this system, a Japanese grower placed his produce on consignment with a Japanese packer-shipper who would sell the produce to a Japanese fruit-stand operator.

Community activities (850)
Associations and organizations (519)
Economic associations (55)

55 items
Gila co-op news, vol. 1, no. 14 (September 21, 1943) (ddr-csujad-42-177)
doc Gila co-op news, vol. 1, no. 14 (September 21, 1943) (ddr-csujad-42-177)
A bilingual newspaper for the Gila co-op. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_85_001
Turlock Farm Corporation notes (ddr-csujad-46-41)
doc Turlock Farm Corporation notes (ddr-csujad-46-41)
Turlock Farm Corporation miscellaneous record, including member names. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0041
農事會社 = Turlock Farm Corporation, ledger cover (ddr-csujad-46-36)
doc 農事會社 = Turlock Farm Corporation, ledger cover (ddr-csujad-46-36)
Turlock Farm Corporation's ledger cover 1928. Cover in Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0036
Turlock Farm Corporation resolution (ddr-csujad-46-40)
doc Turlock Farm Corporation resolution (ddr-csujad-46-40)
Turlock Farm Corporation resolution at a meeting held on 1930 November 8, resolved by the board of directors, stating Katsue Morofuji as secretary. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0040
Meeting minutes, 1919 (ddr-csujad-46-30)
doc Meeting minutes, 1919 (ddr-csujad-46-30)
Turlock Japanese Business Association meeting minutes]. The documents are in Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0030
Turlock Farm Corporation budget record (ddr-csujad-46-38)
doc Turlock Farm Corporation budget record (ddr-csujad-46-38)
Turlock Farm Corporation budget record. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0038
Turlock Farm Corporation Bank of America deposit statement (ddr-csujad-46-43)
doc Turlock Farm Corporation Bank of America deposit statement (ddr-csujad-46-43)
Turlock Farm Corporation, Bank of America deposit statement of $25.00 including check deposit. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0043
Turlock Farm Corporation budget record (ddr-csujad-46-37)
doc Turlock Farm Corporation budget record (ddr-csujad-46-37)
Turlock Farm Corporation budget record. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0037
Letter from Elliot and Calden attorneys at law, to G. Furakawa of La Paloma Land Company, November 28, 1927 (ddr-csujad-46-35)
doc Letter from Elliot and Calden attorneys at law, to G. Furakawa of La Paloma Land Company, November 28, 1927 (ddr-csujad-46-35)
Letter from Elliot and Calden attorneys at law, to G. Furakawa of La Paloma Land Company addressing the Turlock Farm Corporation minute book. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0035
Envelope from Bank of America Turlock Branch to Turlock Farm Corporation (ddr-csujad-46-56)
doc Envelope from Bank of America Turlock Branch to Turlock Farm Corporation (ddr-csujad-46-56)
Envelope addressed to Turlock Farm Corporation from Bank of America Turlock Branch. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0056
Letter from Elliot and Calden attorneys at law, to G. Furakawa of La Paloma Land Company, November 26, 1927 (ddr-csujad-46-34)
doc Letter from Elliot and Calden attorneys at law, to G. Furakawa of La Paloma Land Company, November 26, 1927 (ddr-csujad-46-34)
Letter from Elliot and Calden attorneys at law, to G. Furakawa of La Paloma Land Company addressing the Turlock Farm Corporation Issuance of stock. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0034
Turlock Farm Corporation resolution (ddr-csujad-46-39)
doc Turlock Farm Corporation resolution (ddr-csujad-46-39)
Turlock Farm Corporation resolution at a meeting held on 1930 November 8, resolved by the board of directors, stating First Natinoal Bank of Turlock as its banking house. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csus_nac_0039
Letter from Rohwer Cooperative Enterprises Inc. to Tomeyo Okine, January 10, 1946 (ddr-csujad-5-129)
doc Letter from Rohwer Cooperative Enterprises Inc. to Tomeyo Okine, January 10, 1946 (ddr-csujad-5-129)
A letter from K. Ikezoe, Chairman of Trustees of Rohwer Cooperative Enterprises Inc. in Chicago, Illinois, mailed to Tomeyo Okine in Hawthorne, California. This letter explains that each member of the Rohwer Cooperative receives a portion of the assets of the Rohwer Cooperative. Postmarked on February 18, 1946. The handwritten notes on the back of the …
Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-132)
doc Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-132)
The statement of final distribution of residue assets of the Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. of Rohwer, Arkansas to Masao Okine issued on January 10, 1946. It is enclosed with the letter which is found in the item: csudh_oki_0130. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_56_004
Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-133)
doc Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-133)
The statement of final distribution of residue assets of the Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. of Rohwer, Arkansas to Makoto Okine issued on January 10, 1946. It is enclosed with the letter which is found in the item: csudh_oki_0130. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_56_005
Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-131)
doc Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-131)
The statement of final distribution of residue assets of the Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. of Rohwer, Arkansas to Tomeyo Okine issued on January 10, 1946. It is enclosed with the letter which is found in the item: csudh_oki_0130. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_56_003
Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc., statement of final distribution (ddr-csujad-5-130)
doc Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc., statement of final distribution (ddr-csujad-5-130)
The statement of final distribution of residue assets of the Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. of Rohwer, Arkansas to Seiichi Okine issued on January 10, 1946. It is enclosed with the letter which is found in the item: csudh_oki_0130. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_56_002
Letter from J. T. Darnet, Investigator, California State Department of Agriculture Bureau of Market Enforcement to S. Hamada, January 12, 1951 (ddr-csujad-5-301)
doc Letter from J. T. Darnet, Investigator, California State Department of Agriculture Bureau of Market Enforcement to S. Hamada, January 12, 1951 (ddr-csujad-5-301)
A letter from California State Department of Agriculture Bureau of Market Enforcement to Sei Hamada. It announces a meeting of the partners Ramsey and Louie with Mr. Swartz of the Floral Association and Mr. McCall and Mr. Barnet of Market Enforcement on January 10, 1951. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-134)
doc Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-134)
The statement of final distribution of residue assets of the Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. of Rohwer, Arkansas to Hatsuno Okine issued on January 10, 1946. It is enclosed with the letter which is found in the item: csudh_oki_0130. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_56_006
George Toshiyuki Teraoka (ddr-csujad-8-75)
doc George Toshiyuki Teraoka (ddr-csujad-8-75)
Oral history interview with George Toshiyuki Teraoka. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Teraoka, George Toshiyuki
Mr. and Mrs. Masao Nakata (ddr-csujad-8-51)
doc Mr. and Mrs. Masao Nakata (ddr-csujad-8-51)
Oral history interview with Masao and Haruye [Harue] Nakata. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nakata, Mr and Mrs Masao
Stanley Masashi Nagata (ddr-csujad-8-46)
doc Stanley Masashi Nagata (ddr-csujad-8-46)
Oral history interview with Stanley Masashi Nagata. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nagata, Stanley Masashi
22nd Federation of Kumamoto Kaigai Kyokai Conference (ddr-csujad-56-317)
img 22nd Federation of Kumamoto Kaigai Kyokai Conference (ddr-csujad-56-317)
Panoramic photo of attendants of the 22nd Federation of Kumamoto Kaigai Kyokai Conference. It is taken in front of Sebastopol Chamber of Commerce building. The original image is housed with the Sonoma County Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and was borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL. This image belongs to a group of images related …
Third All Center Enterprises Conference (ddr-csujad-42-226)
img Third All Center Enterprises Conference (ddr-csujad-42-226)
Photographed is a group of the 3rd All Center Enterprises Conference attendees. The annotation on the back side reads: The conference was held at the Gila River camp on December 4, 1944. Representatives from enterprises at all incarceration camps attended it. The photo was taken to commemorate the conference but I [Itsuhei Takano] was unable to …
Community analysis report, no. 3 (March 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1657)
doc Community analysis report, no. 3 (March 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1657)
Report, "Japanese groups and associations in the United States," on Japanese social, economic, religious, and nationalistic groups and associations in the United States. Covers Kenjinkai or prefectural associations, Junior Kenjinkai, Nihonjinkai or Japanese associations, Seinenkai or young people's societies, Fujinkai or women's societies, Japanese Chambers of Commerce, hotel associations, California Farmers Association, Japanese Labor Association, Ko …
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