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Economic associations

Since banks would not lend to Japanese immigrants, these enterprising Issei formed groups to pool their resources. For the tanomoshii system of credit, members would contribute monthly to a pooled account and take turns drawing funds to start or expand a business. The Japanese also formed farming cooperatives that helped growers purchase supplies and market their crops. Under this system, a Japanese grower placed his produce on consignment with a Japanese packer-shipper who would sell the produce to a Japanese fruit-stand operator.

Community activities (600)
Associations and organizations (275)
Economic associations (38)

38 items
Letter from Rohwer Cooperative Enterprises Inc. to Tomeyo Okine, January 10, 1946 (ddr-csujad-5-129)
doc Letter from Rohwer Cooperative Enterprises Inc. to Tomeyo Okine, January 10, 1946 (ddr-csujad-5-129)
A letter from K. Ikezoe, Chairman of Trustees of Rohwer Cooperative Enterprises Inc. in Chicago, Illinois, mailed to Tomeyo Okine in Hawthorne, California. This letter explains that each member of the Rohwer Cooperative receives a portion of the assets of the Rohwer Cooperative. Postmarked on February 18, 1946. The handwritten notes on the back of the ...
Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-133)
doc Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-133)
The statement of final distribution of residue assets of the Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. of Rohwer, Arkansas to Makoto Okine issued on January 10, 1946. It is enclosed with the letter which is found in the item: csudh_oki_0130. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_56_005
Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-131)
doc Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-131)
The statement of final distribution of residue assets of the Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. of Rohwer, Arkansas to Tomeyo Okine issued on January 10, 1946. It is enclosed with the letter which is found in the item: csudh_oki_0130. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_56_003
Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc., statement of final distribution (ddr-csujad-5-130)
doc Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc., statement of final distribution (ddr-csujad-5-130)
The statement of final distribution of residue assets of the Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. of Rohwer, Arkansas to Seiichi Okine issued on January 10, 1946. It is enclosed with the letter which is found in the item: csudh_oki_0130. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_56_002
Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-134)
doc Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-134)
The statement of final distribution of residue assets of the Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. of Rohwer, Arkansas to Hatsuno Okine issued on January 10, 1946. It is enclosed with the letter which is found in the item: csudh_oki_0130. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_56_006
Mr. and Mrs. Masao Nakata (ddr-csujad-8-51)
doc Mr. and Mrs. Masao Nakata (ddr-csujad-8-51)
Oral history interview with Masao and Haruye [Harue] Nakata. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nakata, Mr and Mrs Masao
Stanley Masashi Nagata (ddr-csujad-8-46)
doc Stanley Masashi Nagata (ddr-csujad-8-46)
Oral history interview with Stanley Masashi Nagata. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nagata, Stanley Masashi
Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-132)
doc Statement of Final Distribution, Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. (ddr-csujad-5-132)
The statement of final distribution of residue assets of the Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. of Rohwer, Arkansas to Masao Okine issued on January 10, 1946. It is enclosed with the letter which is found in the item: csudh_oki_0130. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_56_004
Letter from J. T. Darnet, Investigator, California State Department of Agriculture Bureau of Market Enforcement to S. Hamada, January 12, 1951 (ddr-csujad-5-301)
doc Letter from J. T. Darnet, Investigator, California State Department of Agriculture Bureau of Market Enforcement to S. Hamada, January 12, 1951 (ddr-csujad-5-301)
A letter from California State Department of Agriculture Bureau of Market Enforcement to Sei Hamada. It announces a meeting of the partners Ramsey and Louie with Mr. Swartz of the Floral Association and Mr. McCall and Mr. Barnet of Market Enforcement on January 10, 1951. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization ...
George Toshiyuki Teraoka (ddr-csujad-8-75)
doc George Toshiyuki Teraoka (ddr-csujad-8-75)
Oral history interview with George Toshiyuki Teraoka. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Teraoka, George Toshiyuki
Tanomoshii meeting (ddr-densho-109-11)
img Tanomoshii meeting (ddr-densho-109-11)
Tanomoshii were savings associations formed for mutual financial support.
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 7 (July 15, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-5)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 7 (July 15, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-5)
Selected article titles: "Co-Op Congress to Elect Nine New Directors" (p. 1), "Photo Studio Temporarily Suspends Picture Taking" (p. 1), "Piece Goods Arriving Daily at Dry Goods Store" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol II. No. 1 (September 2, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-12)
doc Co-Op News, Vol II. No. 1 (September 2, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-12)
Selected article titles: "V.P. to Act as Chairman" (p. 1), "Rate of Rebate Set 15.14% for 2nd Quarter" (p. 1), "Wool Yarns Expected Soon at Dry Goods Store" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 11 (August 12, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-9)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 11 (August 12, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-9)
Selected article titles: "Equity Certificates to be Issued Saturday" (p. 1), "Patrons Urgedto Call for Repaired Shoes Promptly" (p. 1), "Studio Suspends Picture Taking for Two Weeks" (p. 1), "Subscription to Salt Lake Tribune Cancelled" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 8 (July 22, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-6)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 8 (July 22, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-6)
Selected article titles: "Equity Certificates For First Quarter to be Distributed Soon" (p. 1), "Construction on Ice House Started Tuesday" (p. 1), "Picture Taking Resumed" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 13 (August 26, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-11)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 13 (August 26, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-11)
Selected article titles: "Uchida Leaves Co-Op Chairman of the Board" (p. 1), "Announcements" (p. 1), "To the Members" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol 1. No. 4 (June 17, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-4)
doc Co-Op News, Vol 1. No. 4 (June 17, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-4)
Selected article titles: "Result of Buying Trip: Tatsuno, Fujita Return" (p. 1), "Announcement Soon on Photo Studio Opening" (p. 1), "Who Owns the Co-Op?" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 3 (June 10, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-3)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 3 (June 10, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-3)
Selected article titles: "$1,000 Fund for Topaz School Children" (p. 1), "Questions and Answers" (p. 1), "Merchandise is Scarce - Reports Tatsuno from Chicago" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol II. No. 3 (September 9, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-13)
doc Co-Op News, Vol II. No. 3 (September 9, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-13)
Selected article titles: "$136,693.96 Total Revenue During Second Quarter" (p. 1), "Party Honors Tsujisaka, Tule Lake Transferees" (p. 1), "To the Members" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol 1. No. 1 (May 20, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-1)
doc Co-Op News, Vol 1. No. 1 (May 20, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-1)
Selected article titles: "Announcing the First Issue of the Co-Op News!" (p. 1), "Photo Services for Residents" (p. 1), "Questions and Answers" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 2 (May 27, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-2)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 2 (May 27, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-2)
Selected article titles: "When You Relocate - What About Your Money in the Co-Op?" (p. 1), "Questions and Answers" (p. 1), "Dust Storms" (p. 1).
Tom Matsuoka Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-47-17)
vh Tom Matsuoka Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-47-17)
Changes in farming business lead to the establishment of the Bellevue Vegetable Growers Association
Seichi Hayashida Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-14-8)
vh Seichi Hayashida Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-14-8)
Vegetable Growers Association and relations with those outside the Japanese American community
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