Japanese Latin Americans

During World War II, 2,264 Latin Americans of Japanese ancestry were forcibly deported from their countries of residence and taken to the U.S. where they were placed in internment camps in order to be exchanged for Americans held by Japanese forces. Some 80 percent of the internees were Japanese Peruvians; the rest came from various Pacific-facing countries from Mexico to Chile. At the conclusion of the war, most of the interned Japanese Latin Americans were forced to leave the U.S. However, since many were initially barred from returning to their home countries, more than 900 Japanese Latin Americans were deported to war-devastated Japan. Over 350 Japanese Latin Americans remained in the U.S. and fought deportation in the courts. Eventually, about 100 managed to gain reentry to their home countries in Latin America. It was not until 1952 that those who stayed were allowed to begin the process of becoming U.S. permanent residents. Many later became U.S. citizens.

Japanese Latin Americans (70)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Japanese Latin Americans

70 items
Memo from J. Daniel Hanley (ddr-densho-67-60)
doc Memo from J. Daniel Hanley (ddr-densho-67-60)
Memo from J. Daniel Hanley to undisclosed recipient regarding evacuating Peruvian Japanese to the U.S. Discusses previous communications with the American Embassy in Lima including recommendations to the Peruvian government.
Family store (ddr-densho-91-3)
img Family store (ddr-densho-91-3)
Art Shibayama's grandmother (holding Art) and grandfather in their store.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 8 (August 22, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 8 (August 22, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-33)
Selected article titles: "Foes of California English Initiative Form Coalition to Prevent Passage" (pp. 1, 8), "Japanese National Kept in Detention by Provision on McCarran-Walter Act" (pp. 1, 3), "President's Corner: Here's What We're Doing" (p. 5), and "U.S., Latin American Nikkei Athletes 'Go for the Gold' in Mexico Sportsfest" (pp. 6-7).
Atsumi Ozawa Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-348-11)
vh Atsumi Ozawa Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-348-11)
Arrival in Crystal City: greeted by other Japanese Americans and Japanese Peruvians

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of ...

Atsumi Ozawa Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-348-9)
vh Atsumi Ozawa Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-348-9)
Reuniting with father on ship to the United States

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of ...

Betty Morita Shibayama Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-152-40)
vh Betty Morita Shibayama Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-152-40)
Decision to not accept the Japanese Peruvians' settlement, and, with others, sue the government for redress
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 14, (October 5, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 14, (October 5, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-39)
Select article titles: "Dr. Nobe Award Goes to San Franciscan" (p.1); "Bid for Mayor Looks Good" (p.1); "Nat't JACL Hits New Membership High of 27, 492" (p.1); "Japanese in Peru May Fascinate Nikkei Sociologists" (p.2); "SDF Ruling Shows up Dual Senses" (p.3); "Use of 'Jap' Resurges" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 24 (June 22, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 24 (June 22, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-24)
Select article titles: "Congress to Consider Immigration Reform (HR 4300), Asian Gains Seen"(p.1);"'Mikan'-Growing Kumamoto Town, Prime Minister Kaifu Congratulate"(p.1); "Phase 2 of Minidoka Camp Project Includes Rock Garden"(p.2); "Inflation Drives South American Nikkei to Japan"(p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 3 (August 3-10, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 3 (August 3-10, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-28)
Select article titles: "House Panel Votes to Widen Door to Immigration"(p.1); "UC Berkeley Honors Japanese Consul General Yanai for Cultural Encouragement and Exchanges"(p.1); "Fujimori's Inaugural Message"(p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 12 (September 18, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 12 (September 18, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-38)
Selected article titles: "First Test of Closed Primary in Hawaii Oct. 3" (p.1-2), "East Bay Voter Registration Bid Is Significant" (p.1), "Japanese American Groups and Leaders Go for 'No on 14'" (p.1), "Nisei Interpreters Lauded at 20th Anny. Reunion of Merrill's Marauders" (p.1), "430,135 Japanese Counted in Brazil" (p.1 ...
[Graduation speech by Michi Weglyn] (ddr-csujad-24-19)
doc [Graduation speech by Michi Weglyn] (ddr-csujad-24-19)
A graduation speech by Michi Weglyn explaining why she wrote "Years of Infamy." She also discusses Japanese American and Japanese Latin American internment. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_019
Memorandum to the Peruvian ambassador (ddr-densho-67-34)
doc Memorandum to the Peruvian ambassador (ddr-densho-67-34)
Memorandum states that Japanese people form the largest foreign element in Peru. Opinion: the Japanese in Peru are dangerous, organized, and patriotic to Japan. Recommendations: "dangerous" Japanese leaders should be expelled from Peru; encourage propaganda to bring the "Japanese danger" to the Peruvians' attention.
Family in their home (ddr-densho-91-4)
img Family in their home (ddr-densho-91-4)
Art's family home in Lima, Peru, on Calle Santa Catalina. (L to R): Fusako, Akiko, Mother carrying Takeshi, Kenichi, Father, Kikue, Isamu (Art).
Family in front of car (ddr-densho-91-5)
img Family in front of car (ddr-densho-91-5)
Family at a park in Lima, Peru. (L to R): Mother, Takeshi, Fusako, Akiko, Kikue, Kenichi, Isamu (Art), Father in front seat of car.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 1 (July 2, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 1 (July 2, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-26)
Selected article titles: "Japan's Suzuki Fears IBM Case May Threaten U.S.-Japan Trade" (p. 1), "Justices Rule Rights Disputes May Go Directly to U.S. Courts" (pp. 1-2), and "International Relations: Getting Accustomed to Lima, Peru" (pp. 4, 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 12 (March 28, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 12 (March 28, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-12)
Selected article titles: "Apr. 28 New Date for Hearings" (p. 1), "Researcher Takes Issue with Anti-Bilingual Ballot Arguments" (pp. 3, 7), "East Wind: Japanese Peruvians, Part II" (p. 4), and "By the Board: Who's at the Helm?" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2071 (November 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2071 (November 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-47)
Selected article titles: "Anti-Iranian Passion Reminiscent of Pearl Harbor Era" (pp. 1-2), "Multicultural Emphasis Made to Milwaukee Schoolteachers" (p. 2), "JACL Initiate Contacts with Mexico Nikkei" (pp. 3-4), and "From the Midwest: The Invisible Woman: From Geisha to Feminist" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
Selected article titles: "JACL Deplores Mob Actions Brewed by Iranian Issue" (pp. 1-2), "3-Step Redress Push 'At This Time' Stated" (pp. 1, 7), "WRA Camp-born Sansei Warns Nisei Against Delusion about Evacuation" (p. 3), and "Nuclear Shell Shock?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 11 (June 2-15, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 11 (June 2-15, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-11)
Selected article titles: "Honolulu Evacuees Eligible for Redress" (pp. 1, 3-4), "'O.J.' Publisher: It's Not Racism, It's Humor" (pp. 1, 4), "JACL National Board Meeting, May 6-7, 1995: Summary of Motions" (p. 6), and "Peru Nikkei to Host PANA Convention July 5-9" (p. 7).
Art Shibayama Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-151-9)
vh Art Shibayama Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-151-9)
Terrible conditions on U.S. transport ship: taken to the United States, but not understanding why
Art Shibayama Interview Segment 45 (ddr-densho-1000-151-45)
vh Art Shibayama Interview Segment 45 (ddr-densho-1000-151-45)
Thoughts on the importance of fighting for redress for Japanese Latin Americans
API