Organized labor

Japanese immigrants, especially upon arrival, labored at menial jobs in the industries of agriculture, railroads, lumber, canneries, mining, and fishing. These workers toiled under poor, unsanitary, and often dangerous conditions for low wages. Around the turn of the century, sugar-beet harvesters earned about $1.25 for a ten-hour day, railroad workers earned between $1.00 and $1.25 per day, and Alaskan cannery workers earned between $100 and $200 for a six-month season. They actively sought to better their wages and living conditions through organizing unions and engaging in strikes, despite being barred from white unions.

Organized labor (58)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Koji Ariyoshi, Karl Yoneda

58 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 20 (March 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-7)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 20 (March 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-7)
"Fort Denies GI's in Town Saturday Night" (p. 1), "Pay Differences Peril Continuance of Salmon Industry" (p. 1), "Most Japanese Unaffected by Deportation Rule" (p. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 31 (April 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-100)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 31 (April 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-100)
"Brief Raps Calif. Bill "Sheer' Bias" (p. 1), "Resignation of President Rojo from Local 7 Stirs Up Confusion Among Cannery Workers' Ranks" (p. 1), "U.S. Intelligence Officer Lauds Work of Nisei GI's in Japan War" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 19 (November 10, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 19 (November 10, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-44)
Selected article titles: "Civic Betterment at J-town Expense Hit" (p.1), "Supreme Court Decision on Evacuation Calls Manzanar 'Concentration Camp'" (p.1), "ILGWU's Patriotism?" (p.1, 3), "Serological Tests Upset Belief Ainu Caucasoid, Type Resembles Ryukyuan" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 14 (October 6, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 14 (October 6, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-39)
Selected article titles: "Chavez Hurls Threat at Nisei Farm League" (p.1, 5), "Yen Claims Bill: Questions Raised, Answers Furnished" (p.1), "Immigrants Changing New York" (p.1), "A Nisei View of Japan: Understand the Japanese?" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 18 (November 3, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 18 (November 3, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-43)
Selected article titles: "Asian Americans Picket ILGWU N.Y. Headquarters" (p.1), "'Concentration Camp' Rejected for Manzanar Landmark Plaque" (p.1), "A Nisei View of Japan: A Homogenous Society" (p.2), "California's Prop. 21 Schoo Segregation Again" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 21 (November 20, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 21 (November 20, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-47)
Selected article titles: "Seattle Sansei Freed on Bail in Mississippi" (p.1-2), "Japanese Language Project" (p.1-2), "ACLU Supports NAACP Suit to Void Prop. 14" (p.1), "When Bracero Program Ends, Call Retained Mexican Workers 'Primo'" (p1, 3), "'Inclusion' of Negro Jurors if Deliberate Held as Unconstitutional as 'Exclusion'" (p.3).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 20 (February 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-91)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 20 (February 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-91)
"Ten Sit-Down Strikers Determined to Squat in Former RAF Quarters in Moose Jaw Until March 31" (p. 1), "I.A.M. Awaits End of Alaska Worker Issue" (p. 1), "824 Yankees Wed Japanese Through Jan. 1" (p. 2), "ADC Aide Assured Backing of West Virginia Leaders" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 25 (March 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-95)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 25 (March 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-95)
"Epinal War Heroes' Remains Removed" (p. 1), "Congress Gets Another Bill Aiding Issei" (p. 1), "Story of the 442nd" (p. 2), "Frisco Saints, Berkeley Nisseis to Tangle for "Oriental Title" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 24 (December 9, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 24 (December 9, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-48)
Selected article titles: "Friendship Act Interest Mounting" (p.1), "Sansei Police Officer Cited Nation's Best" (p.1, 3), "Carter Choice for U.S. Appellate Court Sits As Its 2nd Asian American" (p.1), "Green Onion Growers Speaking Out: (p.2), "Dilemma of Race" (p.5), "A Buddhist Victory in Texas" (p.7).
Firebreak gang (ddr-csujad-26-25)
doc Firebreak gang (ddr-csujad-26-25)
Narrative account of the establishment, organization, and leadership of the "firebreak gang" who cleaned up scrap lumber, discarded building materials, and labored to clean up the construction debris around the Poston incarceration camp from June 27-September 14, 1942. The author discusses the background, education level, and describes workday situations that occurred during the period the group ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 23, (June 15, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 23, (June 15, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-23)
Select article titles: "New York Nikkei Groups Form Housing Corp" (p.1); "WRA Records to Be Retained in Nat'l Archives" (p.1); "Evacuee Teacher Bill Passes First Step in Sac'to" (p.1); "Bannai Bandwagon Rolls" (p.2); "U.S. Civil Rights Commission to Hear Problems of Calif. Asian American" (p.3); "Nisei Farmers League Defending Right of Farm Workers and Protecting Farms" ...
Frank Miyamoto Interview IV Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-145-26)
vh Frank Miyamoto Interview IV Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-145-26)
Minimal role of Japanese Americans in union activities

This interview focuses on the narrator's experiences working in the Alaska salmon cannery system in the 1930s.

The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 72 (October 3, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-59)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 72 (October 3, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-59)
"Local 7 Rejects Ousted Officials" (p. 1), Postscript to World War II: Nation's War Dead to Return Oct. 10" (p. 1), "Court Returns Greenhouses to Japanese" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 39 (June 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-27)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 39 (June 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-27)
"Many Alaska Salmon Industry Workers Sought" (p. 1), "Report Cites B.C. Removal of Japanese" (p. 1), "Okada and Satow Will Speak Here Monday Night in Buddhist Church; Report on Claims Board Bill" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
"Alaska Cannery Contract Talks Start" (p. 1), "House Unit Halts Bills Preventing Alien Deportation" (p. 1), "Army Seeks More Nisei GI's to Aid Occupation of Japan" (p. 1), "Republican Majority Votes to Kill State FEPC Bill" (p. 2).
API