Organized labor

Japanese immigrants, especially upon arrival, labored at menial jobs in the industries of agriculture, railroads, lumber, canneries, mining, and fishing. These workers toiled under poor, unsanitary, and often dangerous conditions for low wages. Around the turn of the century, sugar-beet harvesters earned about $1.25 for a ten-hour day, railroad workers earned between $1.00 and $1.25 per day, and Alaskan cannery workers earned between $100 and $200 for a six-month season. They actively sought to better their wages and living conditions through organizing unions and engaging in strikes, despite being barred from white unions.

Industry and employment (346)
Organized labor (58)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Koji Ariyoshi, Karl Yoneda

58 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 39 (June 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-27)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 39 (June 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-27)
"Many Alaska Salmon Industry Workers Sought" (p. 1), "Report Cites B.C. Removal of Japanese" (p. 1), "Okada and Satow Will Speak Here Monday Night in Buddhist Church; Report on Claims Board Bill" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 31 (April 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-100)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 31 (April 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-100)
"Brief Raps Calif. Bill "Sheer' Bias" (p. 1), "Resignation of President Rojo from Local 7 Stirs Up Confusion Among Cannery Workers' Ranks" (p. 1), "U.S. Intelligence Officer Lauds Work of Nisei GI's in Japan War" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
"House Immigration Unit Favors H.R. 3566, JACL-ADC Reports" (p. 1) "54 Nisei Leave for Alaska Canned Salmon Work" (p. 1), "Vote for Claims Board Measure, Rep. Twyman Tells Colleagues" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 33 (April 14, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-101)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 33 (April 14, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-101)
"Pacific Northwest Trade Helps Orient Recovery, NWA Aide Says" (p. 1), "House Will Hear Legislations on Naturalization April 19" (p. 1), "Orders Halt on Hearing Against CIO" (p. 1), "JACL to File Brief with Top Court to Back Takahashi in Fish Case" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 56 (July 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-223)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 56 (July 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-223)
"B.C. Fishermen Disapprove of Biased Action" (p. 1), "Talks on ENI to be Heard" (p. 1), "Schmoe, Rev. Andrews to Leave this Week for Hiroshima City" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 28 (March 27, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-98)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 28 (March 27, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-98)
"Nisei War Memorial Committee Awaits Fund Report from Tacoma; $9,053.65 Total as of March 25" (p. 1), "Two Nisei GI's Die in Crash of C-47 Plane" (p. 1), "Cannery Leaders Begin Talks" (p. 1),
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 25 (March 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-95)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 25 (March 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-95)
"Epinal War Heroes' Remains Removed" (p. 1), "Congress Gets Another Bill Aiding Issei" (p. 1), "Story of the 442nd" (p. 2), "Frisco Saints, Berkeley Nisseis to Tangle for "Oriental Title" (p. 3).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 49 (June 18, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-216)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 49 (June 18, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-216)
"Civil Rights Members Ask Introduction of Measure to Defeat Bias Practices" (p. 1), "Rites, Burial for Two War Dead from Area to be Held June 25" (p. 1) "Local CIO Tells Nisei Not to Sit on Fence in Matter of Picking Cannery Union" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 20 (February 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-91)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 20 (February 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-91)
"Ten Sit-Down Strikers Determined to Squat in Former RAF Quarters in Moose Jaw Until March 31" (p. 1), "I.A.M. Awaits End of Alaska Worker Issue" (p. 1), "824 Yankees Wed Japanese Through Jan. 1" (p. 2), "ADC Aide Assured Backing of West Virginia Leaders" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 24 (March 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-94)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 24 (March 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-94)
"Center Blaze Sufferers Get Loss Claims" (p. 1), "Nisei War Memorial Army Raises $1,623 Here" (p. 1), "Union Membership Sought for Issei" (p. 2), "Fights Seizure of Alien's Land for War Claims" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 24 (December 9, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 24 (December 9, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-48)
Selected article titles: "Friendship Act Interest Mounting" (p.1), "Sansei Police Officer Cited Nation's Best" (p.1, 3), "Carter Choice for U.S. Appellate Court Sits As Its 2nd Asian American" (p.1), "Green Onion Growers Speaking Out: (p.2), "Dilemma of Race" (p.5), "A Buddhist Victory in Texas" (p.7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 23 (December 2, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 23 (December 2, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-47)
Selected article titles: "Supreme Court Refuses Appeal from Young-Chin" (p.1), "Nisei Growers/Pickers in Wage Row" (p.1, 5), "Schools Built by Evacuees at Poston I and II to Be Razed" (p.1), "When Sachio Left Town, Even the Cows Were Blue" (p.3), "Anti-Minority Backlash" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 10 (September 7, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 10 (September 7, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-36)
Selected article titles: "Congress Adopts No-Tax Bill" (p.1-2, 4), "Race Discrimination in Labor Unions Next NAACP Target" (p.1), "Loneliness and Sharks Greatest Problems on Epic Solo Voyage Across Pacific Ocean, Kenichi Horie Reveals" (p.2), "Gunplay during Nisei Week Fells Youth, Two Sansei Brothers Held" (p.3), "Oakland JACL in Appeal to Community to Guard Against Damage to ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 7 (August 17, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 7 (August 17, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-33)
Selected article titles: "Evacuation Claims Clarification" (p.1), "Kennedy Asked to Direct IRS Defer Action on Tax Claim" (p.1), "Religious Freedom for U.S. Buddhists" (p.2), "Nisei Rebuffed 20 Years Ago by Bakers Union Voted Head of Retail Bakers Group" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 66, No. 23 (June 7, 1968) (ddr-pc-40-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 66, No. 23 (June 7, 1968) (ddr-pc-40-23)
Selected article titles: "Gardena teenager booked for 10th time by police in 4-yr. period" (p. 1), "Vandalism, drug use by Orientals under scrutiny" (p. 1), "Sociological study shows less affluent have poorer health, lead shorter lives" (p. 1), "S.F. State student arrested at sit-in" (p. 1), "Buddhist Churches of America inaugurates first Nisei bishop" (p. 1), ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 20 (November 17, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 20 (November 17, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-45)
Selected article titles: "To Save International District Seattle's Domed Stadium Groundbreaking Distrupted" (p.1), "34-page Petition Protests ILGWU Subway Poster" (p.1, 3), "Little Tokyo Denizen Hijacks JAL Jet Plane in Japan" (p.1, 6), "Work of Nisei G-2 in WW2 'Stupendous'" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 19 (November 10, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 19 (November 10, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-44)
Selected article titles: "Civic Betterment at J-town Expense Hit" (p.1), "Supreme Court Decision on Evacuation Calls Manzanar 'Concentration Camp'" (p.1), "ILGWU's Patriotism?" (p.1, 3), "Serological Tests Upset Belief Ainu Caucasoid, Type Resembles Ryukyuan" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 14 (October 6, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 14 (October 6, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-39)
Selected article titles: "Chavez Hurls Threat at Nisei Farm League" (p.1, 5), "Yen Claims Bill: Questions Raised, Answers Furnished" (p.1), "Immigrants Changing New York" (p.1), "A Nisei View of Japan: Understand the Japanese?" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 23, (June 15, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 23, (June 15, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-23)
Select article titles: "New York Nikkei Groups Form Housing Corp" (p.1); "WRA Records to Be Retained in Nat'l Archives" (p.1); "Evacuee Teacher Bill Passes First Step in Sac'to" (p.1); "Bannai Bandwagon Rolls" (p.2); "U.S. Civil Rights Commission to Hear Problems of Calif. Asian American" (p.3); "Nisei Farmers League Defending Right of Farm Workers and Protecting Farms" ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 22 (November 30, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 22 (November 30, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-48)
Selected article titles: "Chapter Protests Effective in Quelling Use of 'Jap' on TV" (p.1), "JACL Welcomes Kennedy Order Banning Housing Bias" (p.1-2), "Equal Opportunity in Housing Established" (p.1), "Lack of Racial Pride by American Negro Holding Down their Progress, Leader Says" (p.1), "Urge Study of Bias in Child Care Homes by Welfare Board" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 21 (November 23, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 21 (November 23, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-47)
Selected article titles: "Trade Unions Join White House Push to Eliminate Discrimination in Jobs" (p.1-2), "President's Comm. On Equal Employment Opportunity Reviews 19-Month Operation" (p.1), "Japanese History Project on Threshold of $200,000" (p.1), "Small Business Adm. Charters First Nisei Corporation for Operation in Southland" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 8 (February 21, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 8 (February 21, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-8)
Selected article titles: "Growers Council to Recruit Domestic Hands for Bracero" (p.1); "Federal Aid in Housing Periled by Initiative" (p.1), "Tacoma Voters Reject Housing Ordinance" (p.1), "Cortez JACL Planning Community Center" (p.1), "Civil Rights Act" (p.2), "City Hall Approves Li'l Tokio Rebuilding" (p.3), "Once a North Dakota Homesteader, Kitagawa Now a Spry 88" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 21 (November 20, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 21 (November 20, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-47)
Selected article titles: "Seattle Sansei Freed on Bail in Mississippi" (p.1-2), "Japanese Language Project" (p.1-2), "ACLU Supports NAACP Suit to Void Prop. 14" (p.1), "When Bracero Program Ends, Call Retained Mexican Workers 'Primo'" (p1, 3), "'Inclusion' of Negro Jurors if Deliberate Held as Unconstitutional as 'Exclusion'" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 9 (February 28, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 9 (February 28, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-9)
Selected article titles: "Rumford Act Repeal Measure Found Qualified" (p.1), "Sen. Kuchel Honored by JACL; Predicts Civil Rights Bill Win" (p.1), "Gov. Brown Pledges Support to Seek Needed Farm Help" (p.1), "PSWDC Major Medical Insurance Program to Be Launced when Brochure Printed" (p.1), "Civil Rights Act" (p.2), "Nisei Pastor of Negro Church Cited" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 2 (January 8, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 2 (January 8, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-2)
Selected article titles: "Prop. 14 Upheld in First Test at Orange County" (p.1), "President Johnson Outlines His Thoughts of Great Society" (p.1-2), "California Braceros No More-Growers Uncertain about Future" (p.1), "San Francisco Main Port for Issei Emigres" (p.3), "Preparation Needed to Cope with Japanese Visitors to Hawaii" (p.3).
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