Registration and the "loyalty questionnaire"

To help administer the military draft and work release program, the U.S. Army and the War Relocation Authority (WRA) produced "loyalty questionnaires" for all Japanese Americans seventeen years of age and older. The questionnaires contained two questions that caused confusion and controversy. Despite serious problems with the wording and meaning of the questions, government officials and others generally considered those who answered "no" to these two questions to be "disloyal" to the United States, and they were transferred to the Tule Lake concentration camp which was designated a segregation camp. "Yes" answers to these questions made Japanese Americans eligible for service in the U.S. Army, and some became eligible for release and resettlement in areas outside of the West Coast exclusion zones.

World War II (20)
Administration (1)
Registration and the "loyalty questionnaire" (150)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Japanese American Joint Board, Loyalty questionnaire, Segregation

150 items
Frank Emi Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1002-9-6)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1002-9-6)
Deciding to qualify answers to the so-called "loyalty questions"
Frank Emi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1002-9-7)
vh Frank Emi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1002-9-7)
Attending hearings regarding qualified answers to the so-called "loyalty questions"
Harry Ueno Interview Segment 32 (ddr-densho-1002-7-32)
vh Harry Ueno Interview Segment 32 (ddr-densho-1002-7-32)
Answering "no-no" on the so-called "loyalty questionnaire," and being taken to the stockade in Tule Lake concentration camp
Shizuko
vh Shizuko "Suzie" Sakai Interview Segment 7 (ddr-one-7-4-7)
Unrest surrounding the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the ...

Hitoshi
vh Hitoshi "Hank" Naito Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-286-15)
Uproar in camp over the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" (audio-only)
Hitoshi
vh Hitoshi "Hank" Naito Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-286-16)
Family discussion of father's decision to sign "no-no" on the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" (audio-only)
John Kanda Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-116-4)
vh John Kanda Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-116-4)
Responding to the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" at Tule Lake concentration camp, California

This interview is part of a collaborative effort of the Puyallup Valley Japanese American Citizens League and Densho.

Mae Kanazawa Hara Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-168-13)
vh Mae Kanazawa Hara Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-168-13)
Thoughts on the so-called "loyalty questionnaire": "I thought it was just unreasonable"
Frank S. Fujii Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-8-22)
vh Frank S. Fujii Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-8-22)
Attending Japanese language school in camp

This interview was conducted over two days due to electrical problems. The majority of the interview was completed on the second day, September 5.

Sue Kunitomi Embrey Interview Segment 13 (ddr-manz-1-2-13)
vh Sue Kunitomi Embrey Interview Segment 13 (ddr-manz-1-2-13)
Problems arising from the so-called "loyalty questionnaire"
Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-432-26)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-432-26)
Refusing to answer the so-called "loyalty questions" (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those ...

Frank Kitamoto Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-35-12)
vh Frank Kitamoto Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-35-12)
Family's struggle over the so-called "loyalty questions": "I'd rather hang myself than go to Japan"
Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-92-22)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-92-22)
Attending a meeting to decide how to answer the so-called "loyalty questions"

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Frank Emi Interview II Segment 5 (ddr-densho-122-20-5)
vh Frank Emi Interview II Segment 5 (ddr-densho-122-20-5)
Discussion of the leave clearance questionnaire: "I felt so strongly that these questions were very unfair and stupid"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection ...

George Fugami Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-7-34)
vh George Fugami Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-7-34)
Feelings about those who answered "no" to the so-called "loyalty questionnaire"
Charles Olds Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-121-4)
vh Charles Olds Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-121-4)
Administering the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" to camp inmates

This interview took place at the 2000 Tule Lake Pilgrimage in Klamath Falls, Oregon.

Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-122-22-9)
vh Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-122-22-9)
Questions over whether the leave clearance questionnaire was compulsory

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on ...

Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-40)
Slightly yellowed envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked October 19, 1942. Along the top 10-23-1942 is written in red pencil. On the left side of the envelope is a purple "Censored" stamp. Inside the envelope is a letter dated October 17, 1942. Teru writes about ...
Shosuke Sasaki Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1002-2-10)
vh Shosuke Sasaki Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1002-2-10)
Frustration with the registration questions involving renouncing allegiance to Japan

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead ...

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1002-6-5)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1002-6-5)
Qualifying answer on "loyalty" question regarding military service: "Give me my rights back as American citizen and I'll be willing to go"
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