Registration and the "loyalty questionnaire"

To help administer the military draft and work release program, the U.S. Army and the War Relocation Authority (WRA) produced "loyalty questionnaires" for all Japanese Americans seventeen years of age and older. The questionnaires contained two questions that caused confusion and controversy. Despite serious problems with the wording and meaning of the questions, government officials and others generally considered those who answered "no" to these two questions to be "disloyal" to the United States, and they were transferred to the Tule Lake concentration camp which was designated a segregation camp. "Yes" answers to these questions made Japanese Americans eligible for service in the U.S. Army, and some became eligible for release and resettlement in areas outside of the West Coast exclusion zones.

World War II (66)
Administration (80)
Registration and the "loyalty questionnaire" (225)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Japanese American Joint Board, Loyalty questionnaire, Segregation

225 items
Reports on Tule Lake transfers (ddr-csujad-2-48)
doc Reports on Tule Lake transfers (ddr-csujad-2-48)
Information about 14 different incarceree transfers to Tule Lake Incarceration Camp. Reasons for transfer primarily due to loyalty questionnaire. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0048
Community Analysis Notes, no. 1, January 15, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-84)
doc Community Analysis Notes, no. 1, January 15, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-84)
Titled as: From a Nisei who said "No." Account by an unnamed Community Analyst at Manzanar of the "life experience and viewpoints" influencing a young man's "No" response to the Army registration form's Question 28. The account stems from the analyst's notes, reproduced verbatim, from an exchange between the young man and the Hearing Board authorized …
[Straws in the wind: An inquiry into the causes of the recent flare-ups], report on Manzanar protests, 1942-08-12 (ddr-csujad-2-49)
doc [Straws in the wind: An inquiry into the causes of the recent flare-ups], report on Manzanar protests, 1942-08-12 (ddr-csujad-2-49)
Report on strike at Manzanar Incarceration camp. Report discusses unrest and discrimination within camp leading to loyalty towards Japan. Also offers suggestions to create a "Pro-America Community" within the WRA program. Also includes personal correspondence to Willard Schmidt. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0049
Johnny and Yo Niizawa interview (ddr-csujad-6-25)
doc Johnny and Yo Niizawa interview (ddr-csujad-6-25)
Oral history interview with Johnny and Yo Niizawa. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_NIIZAWA_JOHNNY_AND_YO
James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
doc James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
Oral history interview with James Kirihara. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KIRIHARA_JAMES
George Okada interview (ddr-csujad-6-28)
doc George Okada interview (ddr-csujad-6-28)
Oral history interview with George Okada. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_OKADA_GEORGE
Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
doc Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
Oral history interview with Sadawo Yonaki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_YONAKI_SADAWO
Sherman Kishi interview (ddr-csujad-6-13)
doc Sherman Kishi interview (ddr-csujad-6-13)
Oral history interview with Sherman Kishi. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KISHI_SHERMAN
Eric Andow interview (ddr-csujad-6-2)
doc Eric Andow interview (ddr-csujad-6-2)
Oral history interview with Eric Andow. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_ANDOW_ERIC
Frank Suzuki interview (ddr-csujad-6-29)
doc Frank Suzuki interview (ddr-csujad-6-29)
Oral history interview with Frank Suzuki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_SUZUKI_FRANK
Hasegawa Family (ddr-csujad-8-16)
doc Hasegawa Family (ddr-csujad-8-16)
Oral history interview with the Hasegawas, including Ray, Helen, Peter, Yoshino, Becky and George Hasegawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hasegawa Family
Affidavit (ddr-csujad-12-26)
doc Affidavit (ddr-csujad-12-26)
This affidavit belongs to Tsugitada Kanamori. It states that in 1945 he was repatriated to Japan in 1945 and that he did not swear allegience to the United States of America. According to the affidavit, Kanamori did so in order to keep his family together and to remain in camp. He also asserts that he was …
Constitutional principles involved in the relocation program (ddr-csujad-19-67)
doc Constitutional principles involved in the relocation program (ddr-csujad-19-67)
This document is the statement by the Director of the War Relocation Authority regarding the constitutional principles involved in "the relocation program" as the program raises important questions of constitutionality. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: WRA_02-19_02
Enemies in Name Only (ddr-csujad-19-88)
doc Enemies in Name Only (ddr-csujad-19-88)
An editorial from "The new republic," vol. 107, no. 13, number 1452 (September 28, 1942), describes the classification and registration of aliens of enemy nationality residing within the United States. It goes on to discuss the question that what proportion of these people are 'enemies' and what proportion are 'loyal' to the United States. See this …
Citizens of Subjects? An Editorial (ddr-csujad-19-62)
doc Citizens of Subjects? An Editorial (ddr-csujad-19-62)
An article probably from the periodical, "The Christian century." It talks about the staggering blows received by American Democracy during the early months of the war. It describes how actions taken under the guise of military necessity have deprived many citizens of their constitutionally guaranteed equality before the law. See this object in the California State …
Michi Weglyn interview (side 1), February 20, 1998 (ddr-csujad-24-205)
doc Michi Weglyn interview (side 1), February 20, 1998 (ddr-csujad-24-205)
An interview with Michi Weglyn about the loyalty questionnaires given to people in the Japanese American incarceration camps. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_74_05_001
Story of the
doc Story of the "No/No-No/Yes" Soldiers of the 1800 General Service Battalion, U.S. Army (ddr-csujad-24-69)
In this document Cedrick M. Shimo describes the Army unit during World War II that was made up of Americans of Japanese, German, and Italian descent, who were considered "suspect." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_05_003
Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, June 24, 1994 (ddr-csujad-24-91)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, June 24, 1994 (ddr-csujad-24-91)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin about Weglyn's final letters from James Omura. Included are letters from Omura about the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and a document of loyalty questionnaire statistics. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_07_008
Oral history of Morris and Cherry Abe (ddr-csujad-28-3)
av Oral history of Morris and Cherry Abe (ddr-csujad-28-3)
Oral history Interview of Morris and Cherry Abe. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csuci_vcc-jic_0005
Letter from Tommy Tomilson, Chief of Internal Security at Granada Camp to Willard E. Schmidt, Chief of Internal Security at Tule Lake Camp, May 19, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-47)
doc Letter from Tommy Tomilson, Chief of Internal Security at Granada Camp to Willard E. Schmidt, Chief of Internal Security at Tule Lake Camp, May 19, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-47)
Information about Motokazu Okada, an incarceree transfer to Tule Lake camp from Granada Camp. Transferred for persistent gambling and drinking. Also includes personal correspondence. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0047
Report on Jerome to Tule Lake transfer George Kuratomi (ddr-csujad-2-46)
doc Report on Jerome to Tule Lake transfer George Kuratomi (ddr-csujad-2-46)
Detailed informational report about George Kuratomi, an incarceree transfer to Tule Lake Camp from Jerome Camp due to questions about his loyalty to the United States and his activities within the Buddhist repatriate group at Jerome Camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0046
Report on Heart Mountain to Tule Lake transfer Sam Horino, leader of movement to challenge Selective Service for incarcerated Japanese Americans (ddr-csujad-2-45)
doc Report on Heart Mountain to Tule Lake transfer Sam Horino, leader of movement to challenge Selective Service for incarcerated Japanese Americans (ddr-csujad-2-45)
Informational report to Willard Schmidt about Sam Horino, an incarceree transferred from Heart Mountain Camp to Tule Lake Camp. Horino was accused of protesting the Selective Service program for incarcerated Japanese Americans and creating bulletins he posted throughout Heart Mountain Camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0045
Satoshi Kuwamoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-17)
doc Satoshi Kuwamoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-17)
Oral history interview with Satoshi Kuwamoto. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KUWAMOTO_SATOSHI
George and Jean Abe interview (ddr-csujad-6-1)
doc George and Jean Abe interview (ddr-csujad-6-1)
Oral history interview with George and Jean Abe. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_ABE_GEORGE_AND_JEAN
Gilbert Tanji interview (ddr-csujad-6-33)
doc Gilbert Tanji interview (ddr-csujad-6-33)
Oral history interview with Gilbert Tanji. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANJI_GILBERT
API