Nisei (second-generation) children attended public schools alongside children of other races, although schools in Nihonmachi (Japantown) neighborhoods were overwhelmingly Japanese ethnically. Since Japanese was usually spoken at home, many Nisei learned to speak English in public school. In Seattle, people fondly remember the Bailey Gatzert elementary school whose white principal remained in touch with her students after they were taken to the camps. The Japanese Americans who would have graduated from high school and college in spring 1942 were removed to camps before they could complete the year and attend commencement.
Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.