The Japanese American Citizens League

The Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) was organized in the late 1920s by a small group of young, professional nisei in response to the anti-Japanese fervor of the times. The organization was decidedly patriotic and dealt with discrimination by emphasizing American citizenship, loyalty, and assimilation. Because of their ideology, JACL members were recruited by the military to assist in carrying out the "evacuation" orders, and they urged Japanese Americans to cooperate with the government. The group inspired strong, mixed feelings among Japanese Americans during this time. However, in the years following the war, the JACL regained much of its former support by successfully overturning many legal barriers for Japanese Americans.

Community activities (565)
Associations and organizations (155)
The Japanese American Citizens League (996)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Warren Furutani, Japanese American Citizens League, Saburo Kido, James Sakamoto, Masao Satow, Walter Tsukamoto, Edison Uno

996 items
Jimmie Omura Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1002-11-13)
vh Jimmie Omura Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1002-11-13)
Description of the prewar Japanese American Citizens League and Tokie Slocum

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories ...

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 4 (January 29, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 4 (January 29, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-4)
Selected article titles: "Comments from the Midwest: JACL's Top Priority: Goal Setting" (pp. 1, 10), "Japan Eases Ban of Untreated U.S. Farm Products" (p. 2), "Ye Editor's Desk: '…'Tis Not Too Late to Seek a Newer World'" (pp. 4, 7), and "Mineta Is a 'Mystery Man' to White House Staffers" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 8 (August 22, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 8 (August 22, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-33)
Selected article titles: "Foes of California English Initiative Form Coalition to Prevent Passage" (pp. 1, 8), "Japanese National Kept in Detention by Provision on McCarran-Walter Act" (pp. 1, 3), "President's Corner: Here's What We're Doing" (p. 5), and "U.S., Latin American Nikkei Athletes 'Go for the Gold' in Mexico Sportsfest" (pp. 6-7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 9 (March 6, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 9 (March 6, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-9)
Selected article titles: "L.A. County: Commission Reports Rise in Hate Crime" (pp. 1, 3), "Chin Trial Moved to Ohio" (p. 1), "Focus on Japanese Americans: Opening Date, Ceremonies Set for Smithsonian Exhibit" (pp. 1, 4), and "Changes in JACL Personnel Manual Proposed" (pp. 1-2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 6 (September 4, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 6 (September 4, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-31)
Selected article titles: "Peace Conference Commemorates Bombing of City" (p. 1), "'JACL to Come' Explored by Writer" (pp. 1, 5), "Exhibit to Show History of U.S. Nikkei" (pp. 2, 4), and "Letter Reveals Hardships of Post War Japan" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 14 (October 30, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 14 (October 30, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-39)
Selected article titles: "S. 1009 Redress Bill Out of Committee, Revised: Senate Ready to Vote on S.1009; Payment Schedule Explained" (p. 1), "Inouye May Be Next Senate Leader" (pp. 2-3), "Missile Tests: Soviet Action Shocks Matsunaga" (p. 3), and "JACL to Follow Yasuhara Plan After Redress" (pp. 4-5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 8 (February 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 8 (February 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-8)
Selected article titles: "Bill's Backers Optimistic" (pp. 1, 4), "JACL Reacts to INS Plan to Put Arabs in Detention Camp" (pp. 1-2), "The Continuing PC Saga: A Brief Synopsis" (p. 4), and "Solicitations Planned: JACL Explores Ways to Attract Members" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 20 (May 20, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-20)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 20 (May 20, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-20)
Selected article titles: "Decision Not Unexpected, Says Hohri: Court Sets Back NCJAR Case" (p. 1), "Three JACL Presidential Aspirants Open Campaign at Little Tokyo Forum" (pp. 1-2), "Nakanishi Case: 'Unresolved Questions' at UCLA" (pp. 1, 4), and "Father and Daughter File Lawsuit, Charge Burbank School with Racial Bias" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 19 (May 13, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 19 (May 13, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-19)
Selected article titles: "S.1009 & H.R. 442 in Conference; Final Draft Uncertain: Redress Bills Differ Over 'Eligibility' of Individuals" (p. 1), "JACL-LEC Announces Mailgram Info' (pp. 1, 6), "Munn Letter Urges Reagan to Sign Redress Bill" (pp. 2-3), and "Who Is 'Eligible' for Redress?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 2 (July 22-29, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 2 (July 22-29, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-27)
Selected article titles: "Masaoka Warns Resolution Endangers Redress Program" (pp. 1, 10), "Candlelit Lantern Floats, Buddhist-Christian Services to Remember Hibakusha of Hiroshima-Nagasaki" (p. 3), "National JACL Constitution / Bylaws" (pp. 7-10), and "Former Renunciant Charges WW2 Scientist with Defamation" (p. 13).
Salt Lake Japanese American Citizens League Chapter (ddr-densho-162-26)
img Salt Lake Japanese American Citizens League Chapter (ddr-densho-162-26)
L to R: Mike Masaoka, Tom Matsumori, Miye Asahina, Shake Ushio, Tomoko Watanuki, Kay Terashima, Joe Kurumada.
JACL Convention (ddr-densho-18-44)
img JACL Convention (ddr-densho-18-44)
The Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) Convention outside the Jackson Building in Seattle's Nihonmachi.
National JACL Conference (ddr-densho-18-47)
img National JACL Conference (ddr-densho-18-47)
Attendees of the National Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) Conference stand in front of the King County Courthouse at 3rd Avenue and James Street.
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 86 (October 28, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-251)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 86 (October 28, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-251)
"Portland to Dedicate Nisei War Memorial Monument at Rites Sunday" (p. 1), "Truman Points to Flaws in McCarran Bill" (p. 1), ""Clean' Naturalization Measure Sought" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 44 (May 22, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-112)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 44 (May 22, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-112)
"JACL-ADC Seeks VFW Endorsement of H.R. 5004, Measure Favoring Naturalization for U.S. Issei" (p. 1), "Three Named to Unit to Adjust Differences on H.R. 3566" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 15 (February 14, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-87)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 15 (February 14, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-87)
"Senate Hearings on Evacuation Claims Bill to Begin in March" (pg. 1), "Native Sons of Golden West Oppose Issei Naturalization" (pg. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 62 (August 3, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-229)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 62 (August 3, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-229)
"Local JACL to Aid Claimants" (p. 1), "Inequality in Naturalization Laws Pointed Out by Senator Magnuson" (p. 1), "Claims Office for Seattle Indefinite Yet" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 3 (January 10, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-264)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 3 (January 10, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-264)
"3 Legislations Introduced to Congress : ADC" (p. 1), "Congress Gets Two Measures" (p. 1), "A New Year and an Unpleasant Korean War Faced by the Japanese" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 77 (September 27, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-246)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 77 (September 27, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-246)
"Soldier Brides Bill Passage Places ADC in Unwanted Role of Lonely Hearts Club" (p. 1), "Claims Payments Expected Soon" (p. 1), "McCarran Ignores Veto of Walter Bill, Assures Solon of New Legislation" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 85 (November 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-72)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 85 (November 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-72)
"Full Backing of JACL Urged by Mike Masaoka in Talk Here" (p. 1), "Transport Ship Renamed in Honor of Nisei GI Hero" (p. 1), "Magnuson of Washington Named on Special Unit to Weigh Evacuation Claims Measure" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 62 (August 29, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-49)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 62 (August 29, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-49)
"Two Nisei Named to U.W. Faculty" (p. 1), "The Japanese Americans in Motion" (p. 1), "National JACL Asks Probe in Refusal to Give Nisei Shore Leave in B.C." (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 14 (February 11, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-86)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 14 (February 11, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-86)
"Radio-Telephone Service to Japan is Resumed. SCAP Approves Oversea Calls; Wires Cleared for Service" (pg. 1), "Urges Anti-Lynching Bill "with Teeth in it'. Masaoka Cites Violent Acts Against Nisei" (pg. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 77 (September 15, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-139)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 77 (September 15, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-139)
"Public Law 863 Helps Aliens to Change Residence Status" (p. 1), "Nisei Firm Wins Coal Contracts" (p. 1), "Cpl. Kokubu of Oregon to be Buried at Arlington Cemetery Thursday" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 43 (June 20, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-31)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 43 (June 20, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-31)
"156 Families Told to Quit Yesler Low-Rent Project" (p. 1), "U.S. Commerce Department Accepts Applications from Businessmen for Permits to Visit Japan" (p. 1), "Masaoka Hits Bias Problem from "Front" (p. 1).
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