The Japanese American Citizens League

The Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) was organized in the late 1920s by a small group of young, professional nisei in response to the anti-Japanese fervor of the times. The organization was decidedly patriotic and dealt with discrimination by emphasizing American citizenship, loyalty, and assimilation. Because of their ideology, JACL members were recruited by the military to assist in carrying out the "evacuation" orders, and they urged Japanese Americans to cooperate with the government. The group inspired strong, mixed feelings among Japanese Americans during this time. However, in the years following the war, the JACL regained much of its former support by successfully overturning many legal barriers for Japanese Americans.

Community activities (560)
Associations and organizations (152)
The Japanese American Citizens League (305)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Warren Furutani, Japanese American Citizens League, Saburo Kido, James Sakamoto, Masao Satow, Walter Tsukamoto, Edison Uno

305 items
Roger Daniels Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-17-4)
vh Roger Daniels Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-17-4)
The role of the Japanese American Citizens League after the bombing of Pearl Harbor (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding ...

Roger Daniels Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1012-17-6)
vh Roger Daniels Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1012-17-6)
Japanese American community response to the Japanese American Citizens League (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations ...

Jun Kurumada Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1013-5-11)
vh Jun Kurumada Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1013-5-11)
Establishment of the Reimeikai, a precursor to the Japanese American Citizens League in Utah
Jun Kurumada Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1013-5-17)
vh Jun Kurumada Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1013-5-17)
The Japanese American Citizens League's decision to move the national office to Salt Lake City
Japanese American Citizens League celebration (ddr-densho-136-40)
img Japanese American Citizens League celebration (ddr-densho-136-40)
This JACL celebration took place at the Olympic Hotel in Downtown Seattle.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 6 (February 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 6 (February 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-6)
Selected article titles: "Immigration Raids Alarm Little Tokyo" (pp. 1, 12), "FDR 'Tapes' Tell More Than a Few Racial Slurs" (pp. 1, 7), "60th Anniversary Installation: Why the JACL Endures" (p. 7), and "The Major Supreme Court Error of WW2: Evacuation Cases" (p. 9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 17 (October 24, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 17 (October 24, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-42)
Selected article titles: "Calif. Supreme Court: Bird: Independent Judiciary Vital to Rights of Minorities" (pp. 1, 5), "Nat'l Board Confronts Budget Problems: Falling Renewals and Redress Pledges Seen as Major Factors" (pp. 1, 3), "Council Approves 'Onizuka Street' in J-Town" (pp. 1, 8), and "From the Frying Pan: JAs 'Going Public'" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 2 (July 11, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 2 (July 11, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-27)
Edition contains Candidates for National JACL Office Supplement, A-D, between pages 4 and 5. Selected article titles: "Chicago Convention Honorees Named" (pp. 1-2), "LEC Update: Getting the Word Out" (p. 4), and "The $200,000 Question" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 13 (April 4, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 13 (April 4, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-13)
Selected article titles: "Matsui Circulates Nat'l Geographic Article in House" (p. 1), "Corporate, Asian Pacific Leaders Talk About Issues" (pp. 2, 7), "Defining the Role of Staff" (p. 4), and "Takei: Actors Need Support" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 23 (December 5, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 23 (December 5, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-48)
Selected article titles: "New Series a Unique Chance for JA Actors" (pp. 1-2), "Immigration Bill: Attorneys Try to Decode New Technicalities" (pp. 1-2), "By the Board: Budgetary Realities" (p. 4), and "Newspapers Comment on Redress Issue" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 7 (February 20, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 7 (February 20, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-7)
Selected article titles: "'Hate Crimes': Fight Goes on in Congress, on Streets" (pp. 1-2, 4-5), "Hongo Offers a Poet's View of JA Experience" (pp. 1, 8), "JACL's Future Function" (p. 4), and "Could Matsui Win the '88 Senate Race?" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 7 (February 19, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 7 (February 19, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-7)
Selected article titles: "LEC Board: Redress 'Looks Good'" (pp. 1, 8), "Budget Tops List of Concerns at Board Meeting" (pp. 1-2), "'Guest Workers' Aren't Welcome" (pp. 3, 6), and "Encouraging Signs for Redress" (pp. 5-6).
Frank Miyamoto Interview III Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-52-10)
vh Frank Miyamoto Interview III Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-52-10)
Impact of exclusion on community, rise of the JACL and anti-JACL sentiments
Robert Mizukami Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-114-15)
vh Robert Mizukami Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-114-15)
Reactivating Puyallup Valley Chapter Japanese American Citizens League with new focus on civil rights

This is the first in a series of interviews conducted by the Puyallup Valley Japanese American Citizen League in collaboration with Densho.

The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 82 (October 2, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-144)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 82 (October 2, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-144)
"Renunciants Will Receive Rights in "49" (pg. 1), "JACL's Aides, Ennis to Sift Claims Method" (pg. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 40 (June 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-28)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 40 (June 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-28)
"Northwest District Council of Citizens League Reactivated; Shimomoura Elected Chairman" (p. 1), "JACL Leader Files "Case for Nisei" (p. 1), "Eisenhower's Brother OK's Claims Action" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 66 (August 17, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-233)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 66 (August 17, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-233)
"Claims Total Here to Date Set at $20,000" (p. 1), "Orientals Win Voting Rights" (p. 1), "Queen Terri and Attendants Invite City of Los Angeles to Join in Nisei Week Festival" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 21 (March 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-92)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 21 (March 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-92)
"Japan-Born Youth Awarded U.S. Rights so He May Join Father, a Citizen in L.A." (p. 1), "Anti-Red Unit Favors Rights for Japanese" (p. 1), "Winnipeg Meet Will Consider JCCA Program" (p. 4), "JACL to Place Plaque on Ship Honoring Nisei" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 1 (January 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-1)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 1 (January 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-1)
"Legislature Will Weigh Proposal to End Bias in Employment" (p. 1), "Ex-OWI Aide Cites Losses of Evacuees" (p. 1), "Where Should Nisei Settle Down? Wherever He is Happy, Writer Thinks" (p. 2), "Nisei Hoopsters Start '47 Season Jan. 8" (p. 3).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 49 (July 15, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-36)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 49 (July 15, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-36)
"Accept Business Permit Applications to Japan" (p. 1), "JACL Goes Ahead to Speed Plans to Honor Nisei at Arlington" (p. 1), "Commons OK's Board to Sift Ouster Losses" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 3 (January 8, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-170)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 3 (January 8, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-170)
"House Receives Three Identical Bills for Equality in Naturalization" (p. 1), "Masaoka Signs Up As Lobbyist" (p. 1), "Truman Reaffirms Civil Rights Stand in Annual State of Union Message" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 94 (November 25, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-256)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 94 (November 25, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-256)
"One Out of Every Three Doesn't Believe in God, Japanese University Student Poll Discloses" (p. 1), "New U.S. Law Affects Issei" (p. 1), "Tacoma Buddhists to Note 30th Year of Their Church" (p. 1), "Walter Bill, Hawaii Statehood Head ADC Agenda; Congress Meets Monday" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 38 (June 3, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-26)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 38 (June 3, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-26)
"Lest We Forget : The GI's Who Didn't Come Back " (p. 1), "Hears Pleas for Claims Board Bill" (p. 1),"MISLS to Send Teams East" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
"Canada Releases Claims Data" (p. 1), "Believes JACL Could Aid Nisei Left in Japan" (p. 1), "Jackson Street Area Chest Workers Selected; Allasina, Principal of Bailey Gatzert, Heads New Army" (p. 1).
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