Associations and organizations
The Issei (Japanese immigrants) established cultural, business, and religious organizations that supported ethnic enclaves. This early form of networking served more than social and economic interests -- it became a substitute for the extended-family and village systems left behind in Japan. Christian and Buddhist neighborhood churches, Japanese language schools, and sports leagues allowed the Nisei (second-generation Japanese Americans) to participate in organized social activities as well as form peer networks.
Associations and organizations (154)
Economic associations (28)
The Japanese American Citizens League (645)
Community and social service associations (58)
Student clubs (43)
Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts of America (63)
This interview was conducted over two days at the Sakaharas' home.