Economic associations

Since banks would not lend to Japanese immigrants, these enterprising Issei formed groups to pool their resources. For the tanomoshii system of credit, members would contribute monthly to a pooled account and take turns drawing funds to start or expand a business. The Japanese also formed farming cooperatives that helped growers purchase supplies and market their crops. Under this system, a Japanese grower placed his produce on consignment with a Japanese packer-shipper who would sell the produce to a Japanese fruit-stand operator.

Economic associations (38)

38 items
Tanomoshii meeting (ddr-densho-109-11)
img Tanomoshii meeting (ddr-densho-109-11)
Tanomoshii were savings associations formed for mutual financial support.
James Yamazaki Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-175-8)
vh James Yamazaki Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-175-8)
Father's involvement in a prewar community economic association

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Tom Matsuoka Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-47-17)
vh Tom Matsuoka Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-47-17)
Changes in farming business lead to the establishment of the Bellevue Vegetable Growers Association
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 2 (May 27, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-2)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 2 (May 27, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-2)
Selected article titles: "When You Relocate - What About Your Money in the Co-Op?" (p. 1), "Questions and Answers" (p. 1), "Dust Storms" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol II. No. 1 (September 2, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-12)
doc Co-Op News, Vol II. No. 1 (September 2, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-12)
Selected article titles: "V.P. to Act as Chairman" (p. 1), "Rate of Rebate Set 15.14% for 2nd Quarter" (p. 1), "Wool Yarns Expected Soon at Dry Goods Store" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 11 (August 12, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-9)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 11 (August 12, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-9)
Selected article titles: "Equity Certificates to be Issued Saturday" (p. 1), "Patrons Urgedto Call for Repaired Shoes Promptly" (p. 1), "Studio Suspends Picture Taking for Two Weeks" (p. 1), "Subscription to Salt Lake Tribune Cancelled" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 3 (June 10, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-3)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 3 (June 10, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-3)
Selected article titles: "$1,000 Fund for Topaz School Children" (p. 1), "Questions and Answers" (p. 1), "Merchandise is Scarce - Reports Tatsuno from Chicago" (p. 1).
Frank Miyamoto Interview I Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-50-10)
vh Frank Miyamoto Interview I Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-50-10)
The establishment of business associations in Seattle's Japantown
Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc., statement of final distribution (ddr-csujad-5-130)
doc Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc., statement of final distribution (ddr-csujad-5-130)
The statement of final distribution of residue assets of the Rohwer Co-Operative Enterprises Inc. of Rohwer, Arkansas to Seiichi Okine issued on January 10, 1946. It is enclosed with the letter which is found in the item: csudh_oki_0130. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_56_002
Co-Op News, Vol 1. No. 1 (May 20, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-1)
doc Co-Op News, Vol 1. No. 1 (May 20, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-1)
Selected article titles: "Announcing the First Issue of the Co-Op News!" (p. 1), "Photo Services for Residents" (p. 1), "Questions and Answers" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol II. No. 3 (September 9, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-13)
doc Co-Op News, Vol II. No. 3 (September 9, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-13)
Selected article titles: "$136,693.96 Total Revenue During Second Quarter" (p. 1), "Party Honors Tsujisaka, Tule Lake Transferees" (p. 1), "To the Members" (p. 1).
Letter from J. T. Darnet, Investigator, California State Department of Agriculture Bureau of Market Enforcement to S. Hamada, January 12, 1951 (ddr-csujad-5-301)
doc Letter from J. T. Darnet, Investigator, California State Department of Agriculture Bureau of Market Enforcement to S. Hamada, January 12, 1951 (ddr-csujad-5-301)
A letter from California State Department of Agriculture Bureau of Market Enforcement to Sei Hamada. It announces a meeting of the partners Ramsey and Louie with Mr. Swartz of the Floral Association and Mr. McCall and Mr. Barnet of Market Enforcement on January 10, 1951. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization ...
George Toshiyuki Teraoka (ddr-csujad-8-75)
doc George Toshiyuki Teraoka (ddr-csujad-8-75)
Oral history interview with George Toshiyuki Teraoka. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Teraoka, George Toshiyuki
Stanley Masashi Nagata (ddr-csujad-8-46)
doc Stanley Masashi Nagata (ddr-csujad-8-46)
Oral history interview with Stanley Masashi Nagata. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nagata, Stanley Masashi
Mr. and Mrs. Masao Nakata (ddr-csujad-8-51)
doc Mr. and Mrs. Masao Nakata (ddr-csujad-8-51)
Oral history interview with Masao and Haruye [Harue] Nakata. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nakata, Mr and Mrs Masao
Seichi Hayashida Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-14-8)
vh Seichi Hayashida Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-14-8)
Vegetable Growers Association and relations with those outside the Japanese American community
Letter from Rohwer Cooperative Enterprises Inc. to Tomeyo Okine, January 10, 1946 (ddr-csujad-5-129)
doc Letter from Rohwer Cooperative Enterprises Inc. to Tomeyo Okine, January 10, 1946 (ddr-csujad-5-129)
A letter from K. Ikezoe, Chairman of Trustees of Rohwer Cooperative Enterprises Inc. in Chicago, Illinois, mailed to Tomeyo Okine in Hawthorne, California. This letter explains that each member of the Rohwer Cooperative receives a portion of the assets of the Rohwer Cooperative. Postmarked on February 18, 1946. The handwritten notes on the back of the ...
API