Nisei male. Born April 2, 1932, in San Diego, California. Prior to World War II, father worked as a fisherman and mother worked in a fish cannery. Father passed away at an early age, leaving mother to raise eight children. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, temporarily moved to Sunnydale, California, before being sent to the Santa Anita Assembly Center, California, and the Poston concentration camp, Arizona. After leaving camp, resettled in Chicago, Illinois, where Joe became active in martial arts.