Born in Virginia. During the Redress Movement, worked for the Department of Justice's Office of Redress Administration (ORA), which was established to identify and administer reparations payments to eligible individuals. Worked as a Historical Researcher with the ORA from 1988 to 1996. After retirement in 1996, worked as a consultant to DOJ on a variety of issues, some related to ORA, some not. Also renewed a serious interest in painting, and since about 2001, began teaching art to adults and frequently showing work.