Nisei male. Born July 1921 in Seattle, Washington. Raised in Raymond, Washington. Incarcerated at Tule Lake concentration camp, California, and Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming; he worked on the staff of both camp newspapers, the Tulean Dispatch and the Heart Mountain Sentinel, respectively. Resettled in Seattle after the war and entered the greenhouse business. He owned and operated the Greenwood Greenhouse with his brother.