Nisei male. Born December 19, 1927, in Alameda, California. Grew up in Alameda. During World War II, removed to the Manzanar concentration camp, California. While in camp, worked at the camouflage net factory and in the camp's hospital. Transferred with family to the Topaz concentration camp, Utah. After leaving camp, was drafted into the U.S. military and served as an interpreter in Japan.