Nisei female. Born October 14, 1916, in Gardena, California. Following the bombing of Pearl Harbor, removed to the Santa Anita Assembly Center, California, and the Jerome concentration camp, Arkansas. In response to the so-called "loyalty questionnaire," transferred to Tule Lake segregation center with family, and expatriated to Japan. Worked in Japan for the U.S. government and a Japanese company. Remained in Japan until the 1980s, and returned to the U.S., eventually settling in Denver, Colorado.