Sansei male. Born October 5, 1935, in Santa Monica, California. Raised in Berkeley, California, where father worked as a salesman. Removed to Tanforan Assembly Center, California, and Topaz concentration camp, Utah. Mother had difficult time in camp. Family was one of the last to leave Topaz. Resettled in Salt Lake City and, with sister, sent to St. Ann's Orphanage for one year. Attended West High School and University of Utah. Received Master's degree in commercial design. Operated successful graphic design firm in Salt Lake City until retirement.