Nisei male. Born January 1, 1916, in Oakland, California. Grew up in the Los Angeles area where father started a fish cake factory. Attended UCLA and UC Berkeley and then worked as an electrical draftsman for the Department of Water and Power for the City of Los Angeles. After Japan bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, discharged from civil service job. Removed to the Santa Anita Assembly Center, California, and the Rohwer concentration camp, Arkansas. Left camp and moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and established a career with the Westinghouse Electric Corporation in Lester, Pennsylvania.