Densho Digital Archive
Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre Collection
Title: Bill Hashizume Interview
Narrator: Bill Hashizume
Interviewer: Norm Ibuki
Location: Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Date: October 29, 2005
Densho ID: denshovh-hbill_2-01-0006

<Begin Segment 6>

NI: Was there much of a, from your book, there were a lot of Japanese names, of course, and a lot of Japanese farmers in the Mission area. What do you remember about the community back then?

BH: Well, it was quite united. Sure, there were factions, like Buddhist faction, Christian factions, and some didn't believe in the farmers association and weren't members, they were more or less independent. But all in all, they got together. After all, the majority of them were all members of the Japanese farmers association or nokai as they called it. And during the meeting, why sure, they got together and ironed things out and settled the thing. And if there's any (tragedies) to the family, why, there's mimaikin or condolence money given to them.

NI: Very Japanese.

BH: Yeah, very Japanesey, yeah.


NI: Yeah, so you have the nokai, you have the different kenjinkais. How much socialization happened back then?

BH: Well, most of the socialization was done between kenjins, kenjins. Well, you're from the same prefecture, why, there's a sense of intimacy or closeness. We were the only Wakayama-ken people in Mission, so we were pretty left out, but there, like I mentioned here in the book, there's Fukuoka-ken, there's Shiga-ken, there's Tottori-ken, Hiroshima-ken, Kanagawa-ken.

NI: Miyagi-ken?

BH: Miyagi-ken was only one or two, but... yeah, Miyagi-ken there was about five, yeah.

NI: Mostly farmers?

BH: They're all mostly farmers, yeah.

<End Segment 6> - Copyright © 2005 Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre and Densho. All Rights Reserved.