Resistance and dissidence

Resistance to exclusion and incarceration took many different forms: non-compliance with exclusion orders and concomitant court cases challenging them, refusal to obey draft orders, labor strikes, and individual and group protests within the camps.

World War II (66)
Resistance and dissidence (69)

69 items
Reports on Tule Lake transfers (ddr-csujad-2-48)
doc Reports on Tule Lake transfers (ddr-csujad-2-48)
Information about 14 different incarceree transfers to Tule Lake Incarceration Camp. Reasons for transfer primarily due to loyalty questionnaire. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0048
Report on Harry Tateishi's political activities (ddr-csujad-2-50)
doc Report on Harry Tateishi's political activities (ddr-csujad-2-50)
Report on the political activities of Harry Tateishi at Tule Lake Camp. Discusses his dissatisfaction with the Co-ordinating committee, and his opposition politics. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0050
Letter from children of Kihichi Sakamoto to Project Director [Raymond R. Best], February 14, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-94)
doc Letter from children of Kihichi Sakamoto to Project Director [Raymond R. Best], February 14, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-94)
Letter from three of his children, Tatsuo, Manabu, and Osamu Sakamoto, requests the release of their father, Kihichi Sakamoto, from the Army Stockade, for the sake of their mother's "health and mind" stating that she has been ill since their stay in Heart Mountain the previous year and has suffered a relapse upon her husband's imprisonment …
[Report on Tule Lake disorders] (ddr-csujad-2-64)
doc [Report on Tule Lake disorders] (ddr-csujad-2-64)
A report written from the Community Analysis Section at Camp Granada regarding transfers to Amache Camp from Tule Lake Camp. The report describes the protests at Tule Lake Camp which led to martial law from November, 1943-January 1944. Highlights of the report include protests against the low quality and quantity of food present at Tule Lake …
[Minutes of the meeting of the advisory council and the divisional responsible men, January 14, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-34)
doc [Minutes of the meeting of the advisory council and the divisional responsible men, January 14, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-34)
Meeting minutes between incarceree led Tule Lake Camp government and the Advisory Council. Discusses role of the Co-ordinating Committee within the Camp, and the rejection of employees from camp jobs. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0034
Co-ordinating Committee meeting notes, March 9, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-1)
doc Co-ordinating Committee meeting notes, March 9, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-1)
Memoranda from incarceree-lead government within the camp. Includes requests for the immediate release of 14 prisoners from the military stockades. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0001
[Straws in the wind: An inquiry into the causes of the recent flare-ups], report on Manzanar protests, 1942-08-12 (ddr-csujad-2-49)
doc [Straws in the wind: An inquiry into the causes of the recent flare-ups], report on Manzanar protests, 1942-08-12 (ddr-csujad-2-49)
Report on strike at Manzanar Incarceration camp. Report discusses unrest and discrimination within camp leading to loyalty towards Japan. Also offers suggestions to create a "Pro-America Community" within the WRA program. Also includes personal correspondence to Willard Schmidt. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0049
Letter from D. [Dillon] S. Myer, Director, to Mr. Ray [Raymond R.] Best, Project Director, May 20, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-70)
doc Letter from D. [Dillon] S. Myer, Director, to Mr. Ray [Raymond R.] Best, Project Director, May 20, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-70)
Regards a report on Project Case A-306 from the Internal Security Division at Tule Lake, dealing with an individual's infraction of project regulations; the subsequent decision of members of the police force to hold people in the stockade for longer than had been planned in response; the authority of the Project Director rather than police to …
Letter from Ernest M. Kozuma to Ramond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, February 21, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-9)
doc Letter from Ernest M. Kozuma to Ramond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, February 21, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-9)
Detailed letter from Ernest Kozuma to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, explaining his character and request for his release from the army stockades at Tule Lake Camp. Includes descriptions of his activities in the incarceree-led government at Tule Lake, and mention of the Tule Lake Farm Strike. See this object in the California State …
Anonymous letter post marked February 2, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-99)
doc Anonymous letter post marked February 2, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-99)
Provides several quoted statements regarding the arrest of a Mr. Bingo on February 1 and protesting his innocence; the quotes name three others as agitators for status quo instead. These quotes, which are in English, are presumably a translation of the letter, in Japanese, that accompanies this document. See this object in the California State Universities …
Report of the informal meeting of the stockade internees and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center (ddr-csujad-2-68)
doc Report of the informal meeting of the stockade internees and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center (ddr-csujad-2-68)
Report provides minutes of meeting requested by stockade incarcerees, listing the incarcerees, Co-ordinating Committee members, and others in attendance and presenting paraphrased text, identifying speakers by name. Topics addressed include incarcerees' difficulties in talking honestly, especially when they are spoken with in groups rather than individually; incarcerees' understanding of conditions in the camp outside of the …
[Report on Manzanar strike/riot] (ddr-csujad-2-52)
doc [Report on Manzanar strike/riot] (ddr-csujad-2-52)
Report on the Manzanar riot/strike. Includes population and demographic breakdowns, a description of the events and possible ways the dissidents planned the event. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0052
Saburo Masada interview (ddr-csujad-6-20)
doc Saburo Masada interview (ddr-csujad-6-20)
Oral history interview with Saburo Masada. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MASADA_SABURO
Relocation Communities for Wartime Evacuees, September 1942 (ddr-csujad-19-23)
doc Relocation Communities for Wartime Evacuees, September 1942 (ddr-csujad-19-23)
This paper describes the relocation communities for "the wartime evacuees" from the Pacific Coast. It also talks about the community life and the work opportunities for the incarceress in the different incarceration camps. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: WRA_01-15_01
Subject: separation of evacuees of doubtful loyalty from loyal evacuees [policy memo by Dillon S. Myer] (ddr-csujad-19-1)
doc Subject: separation of evacuees of doubtful loyalty from loyal evacuees [policy memo by Dillon S. Myer] (ddr-csujad-19-1)
Details the War Relocation Authority's policy to remove to a separate facility "those persons of Japanese ancestry residing in relocation centers who by their acts have indicated that their loyalties lie with Japan during the present hostilities." Along with Policy, headings include Designation of Center for Evacuees of Doubtful Loyalty, referring to Tule Lake; Persons to …
Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, June 24, 1992 (ddr-csujad-24-31)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, June 24, 1992 (ddr-csujad-24-31)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin discussing Frank Chin's work in a Stud's Terkel's book and Weglyn's recent television interview. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_031
Letter from Michi Weglyn to [Frank Chin], April 14, 1998 (ddr-csujad-24-54)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to [Frank Chin], April 14, 1998 (ddr-csujad-24-54)
A letter from Michi Weglyn, probably to Frank Chin. Weglyn writes that she is researching the "Santa Anita incident," presumably the disturbance at the Santa Anita Assembly Center on August 9, 1942. She also writes that the Chinese were the most welcoming to the Japanese returning to Los Angeles at the end of World War II. …
Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, July 6, 1987 (ddr-csujad-24-46)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, July 6, 1987 (ddr-csujad-24-46)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin in which she states that James Omura "owes his extrication from a pariah status" to Chin. Weglyn states that she and Omura credit Frank Chin with getting Japanese American draft resisters to speak about their experiences. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, October 31, 1992 (ddr-csujad-24-4)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, October 31, 1992 (ddr-csujad-24-4)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin about a "resisters conference" and the LA Day of Remembrance. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_004
Letter from Tommy Tomilson, Chief of Internal Security at Granada Camp to Willard E. Schmidt, Chief of Internal Security at Tule Lake Camp, May 19, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-47)
doc Letter from Tommy Tomilson, Chief of Internal Security at Granada Camp to Willard E. Schmidt, Chief of Internal Security at Tule Lake Camp, May 19, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-47)
Information about Motokazu Okada, an incarceree transfer to Tule Lake camp from Granada Camp. Transferred for persistent gambling and drinking. Also includes personal correspondence. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0047
Memo from Willard E. Schmidt, Chief, Administrative Police, to R. R. [Raymond R.] Best, Project Director, February 28, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-95)
doc Memo from Willard E. Schmidt, Chief, Administrative Police, to R. R. [Raymond R.] Best, Project Director, February 28, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-95)
Memo regarding arming of Administrative Police Section with pro and con of the 45 automatic vs. shotgun. Enumerates reasons for preferring the shotgun over the 45 automatic rifle and describing conditions in the camp. See also the related handwritten document, Memorandum from Willard Schmidt, Chief of Administrative Police, to Best, [1944]. See this object in the …
[Report of the informal meeting of the wardens, members of the Advisory Council and Co-ordinating Committee, January 15, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-35)
doc [Report of the informal meeting of the wardens, members of the Advisory Council and Co-ordinating Committee, January 15, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-35)
Meeting minutes between incarceree led Tule Lake Camp government, the Advisory Council, and the wardens. Discussion on police and security measures within the camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0035
Letter from [William] J. Fujimoto, from the stockade, to Mr. [Raymond R.] Best, Project Director, February 23, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-92)
doc Letter from [William] J. Fujimoto, from the stockade, to Mr. [Raymond R.] Best, Project Director, February 23, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-92)
Describes Fujimoto's imprisonment, for 34 days at the time of writing; Fujimoto states that the cause for his arrest has never been made clear, especially given that he has "never entertained radical ideas" and has been cooperative with authorities, and requests a meeting with Best to review his case. See this object in the California State …
Letter from S. [Koni] to Hon [F de Amat], November 13,1943 (ddr-csujad-2-4)
doc Letter from S. [Koni] to Hon [F de Amat], November 13,1943 (ddr-csujad-2-4)
Letter from Shunichi K. to [F. de Amat] requesting status on his application to be repatriated to Japan with his wife. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0004
Report on Jerome to Tule Lake transfer George Kuratomi (ddr-csujad-2-46)
doc Report on Jerome to Tule Lake transfer George Kuratomi (ddr-csujad-2-46)
Detailed informational report about George Kuratomi, an incarceree transfer to Tule Lake Camp from Jerome Camp due to questions about his loyalty to the United States and his activities within the Buddhist repatriate group at Jerome Camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0046
API