442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (215)
Military service (1097)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1906)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1906 items
Soldier in field in front of tent (ddr-densho-368-270)
img Soldier in field in front of tent (ddr-densho-368-270)
Caption: Somewhere in Italy. Back row, left to right: Ryo Shinoda, Taro Katajama (deceased), Josh Morimoto. Front row, left to right: Yosh Oshiki, William Iino, Willie Fujioka
Soldiers standing in field (ddr-densho-368-267)
img Soldiers standing in field (ddr-densho-368-267)
From left to right: Jino Takeshita, William Iino, Yuk Hibino
Soldier standing outside building (ddr-densho-368-83)
img Soldier standing outside building (ddr-densho-368-83)
Soldier of 442nd Regimental Combat Team in Italy. Building sign pictured: "Yankee Stadium"
Soldiers in front of large building (ddr-densho-368-64)
img Soldiers in front of large building (ddr-densho-368-64)
Soldiers of 442nd Regimental Combat Team in Italy, possibly in front of family estate where they were encamped
Soldier standing beside statue (ddr-densho-368-145)
img Soldier standing beside statue (ddr-densho-368-145)
Statue is bust of poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. Soldier of 442nd Regimental Combat Team.