442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (215)
Military service (1097)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1906)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1906 items
Soldier standing beside statue (ddr-densho-368-171)
img Soldier standing beside statue (ddr-densho-368-171)
Statue is bust of poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. Soldier of 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
Portrait of family in Italy (ddr-densho-368-67)
img Portrait of family in Italy (ddr-densho-368-67)
Possibly family of estate where soldiers of 442nd Regimental Combat Team were encamped
Coastline of the French Riviera (ddr-densho-368-166)
img Coastline of the French Riviera (ddr-densho-368-166)
Front of postcard. Printed on back: "La Cote D'Azur/Cannes (Alpes-Maritimes)/Le port, le Casino et les Hotels"
Soldier kneeling with rifle (ddr-densho-368-4)
img Soldier kneeling with rifle (ddr-densho-368-4)
Message on front: "To Cpl. Iino. Aloha and hope we'll meet again soon./Just me/ Donald Okamoto"; message on back: "Donald M Okamoto / 1263 River Street / Honolulu, T.H."
William Iino in front of statue in Nice, France (ddr-densho-368-275)
img William Iino in front of statue in Nice, France (ddr-densho-368-275)
Written on front: To dearest mother & father/Love, Billy. Written on back: Southern France
Jeep in 442nd RCT exhibit at Smithsonian (ddr-densho-368-259)
img Jeep in 442nd RCT exhibit at Smithsonian (ddr-densho-368-259)
Written on back: 442 Exhibit at the American History Museum at the Smithsonian Museum.
Waterfront of Beaulieu-sur-mer, France (ddr-densho-368-209)
img Waterfront of Beaulieu-sur-mer, France (ddr-densho-368-209)
Written on front: 1290 - BEAULIEU-sur-MER. - Au bord de Mer. R.M. On the sea-side.