"Enemy alien" classification
World War II
"Enemy alien" classification (300)
doc Farewell to Little Tokyo (ddr-csujad-19-76)
This document describes the sentiment of the American people towards the Japanese Americans after the attack on Pearl Harbor. It also describes the "military-forced effect of the evacuation and detention behind the barbed wire of relocation camps" on the Japanese American people. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: WRA_02-25_01
doc Immigrants and Citizens of Japanese Origin (ddr-csujad-19-49)
This article by Shotaro Frank Miyamoto explains in detail about the concentration of the Japanese Americans on the West Coast, the history of anti-Japanese activities in this region and the racial antagonism expressed by American people against the Japanese in their midst. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: WRA_02-07_03
doc Japanese in Our Midst (ddr-csujad-19-50)
This is an article from the magazine "The Atlantic Monthly," April 1943 which provides a detailed description about the large number of Japanese American people settled in "permanent relocation centers" on the West Coast. It also talks about the distinction between citizen and non-citizen among "the Japanese evacuees." See this object in the California State Universities …
doc Alien certificate of identification (ddr-densho-23-8)
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Issei were required to carry identification documents because of their alien status. (Issei were barred from becoming naturalized citizens until 1952.) This document belonged to Bunshiro Tazuma, a permanent resident of Seattle since 1917. The identification certificate was the same size as an American passport and …
doc Letter regarding parole status (ddr-densho-25-118)
Letter to Matahichi Iseri from an immigration officer, requesting that he meet with an immigration inspector in Ontario, Oregon.
doc Letter regarding parole termination (ddr-densho-25-117)
This letter from a Department of Justice officer to Matahichi Iseri informed him that as of November 15, 1945, his parole status as an enemy alien had been terminated.
doc Letter regarding residence restriction (ddr-densho-25-54)
This letter from an Immigration and Naturalization Service parole officer to an Issei man in September 1945 informed him that his previous residence restriction had been lifted and he could now return to the West Coast.
doc Letter written by an Issei man (ddr-densho-25-70)
Matahichi Iseri had been imprisoned in Fort Missoula, Montana, a Department of Justice internment camp for "enemy aliens," since shortly after December 7, 1941. He sometimes wrote letters in his native Japanese, which were read and censored by interpreters and officials from the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service.
doc Letter regarding parole appointment (ddr-densho-25-56)
This letter to Matahichi Iseri informed him of his appointment to meet with his parole officer.
doc List of regulations specifying conduct to be observed by "alien enemies" (ddr-densho-25-20)
Matahichi Iseri, considered a "dangerous enemy alien," was arrested on Dec. 7, 1941, and imprisoned in the Department of Justice internment camp at Fort Missoula, Montana. During the war, enemy aliens were not allowed to own contraband articles such as weapons, signal devices, and cameras. They were required to carry certificates of identification at all times, …
doc Alien permit for seasonal work leave (ddr-densho-25-18)
In 1943, the Iseri family lived in Weiser, Idaho, under the seasonal work leave program. This program enabled Japanese Americans to apply for permits to live and work on nearby farms. Kisa Iseri, an Issei, had to apply for a special permit in order to join the rest of her family in Idaho. A list of …
doc Alien's leave permit (ddr-densho-25-34)
In April 1943, Matahichi Iseri and his family were granted permits to leave the Tule Lake concentration camp to go to Weiser, Idaho, as part of the seasonal work leave program. Because he was an Issei, Matahichi Iseri had to apply for a special permit.
doc Letter written by an Issei man to his family (ddr-densho-25-68)
Matahichi Iseri was arrested on December 7, 1941, and taken to Fort Missoula, Montana, where he was detained at a Department of Justice internment camp for "enemy aliens." While he was separated from his wife and children, he was able to send a limited number of letters to them.
doc Letter regarding parole conditions (ddr-densho-25-55)
This letter informed Matahichi Iseri that under the conditions of his parole, he was barred from returning to the West Coast.
doc Change of Residence Notice (ddr-densho-25-27)
Considered a "dangerous enemy alien," Matahichi Iseri was separated from his family and sent to the Department of Justice internment camp at Fort Missoula, Montana. In June 1942, he received a Change of Residence Notice certificate, which indicated that his request to join his family at the Pinedale Assembly Center in California had been approved.
doc Letter to an Issei man from the U.S. Quartermaster General (ddr-densho-25-60)
Mitsuo (Mike) Iseri, son of Matahichi and Kisa Iseri, was killed in action during World War II. As his closest relative, Matahichi Iseri received a letter from the U.S. Quartermaster General of the Army asking him to complete a form entitled "Request for Disposition of Remains," which enabled him to arrange for the funeral of his …
doc Letter from Issei man to his family (ddr-densho-25-67)
After Japan bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the FBI under the Department of Justice began arresting aliens of Japanese, German, and Italian ancestry. These aliens, although they had not been charged with specific crimes, were considered "dangerous" by the U.S. government, and were interned in special Justice Department camps.
doc Parole Agreement (ddr-densho-25-57)
On December 7, 1941, numerous Japanese nationals were arrested by the FBI as "enemy aliens." An alien enemy hearing board was created, which determined whether the aliens were to be released, paroled, or interned. Matahichi Iseri signed a Parole Agreement in which he agreed to the terms of his parole.
doc Letter regarding parole agreement (ddr-densho-25-53)
Letter from the Department of Justice to Matahichi Iseri regarding his requirements as a parolee. On December 7, 1941, the FBI began to arrest Japanese nationals who were considered "enemy aliens." An alien enemy hearing board was created, which determined whether the individual was to be released, paroled, or interned. Matahichi Iseri was paroled in 1942 …
doc Letter written by an Issei man to his family (ddr-densho-25-26)
While he was at Fort Missoula, Montana, a Department of Justice internment camp for enemy aliens, Matahichi Iseri wrote to his wife and children, who were still awaiting a relocation assignment from the WRA.
doc Letter regarding parole status (ddr-densho-25-112)
This letter from a district director of the Department of Justice was sent to an Issei in 1945. He was detained at the Minidoka concentration camp in Idaho for a period of time, and the letter informed him that while he was there, he did not have to report to a parole officer.
doc Notice of classification (ddr-densho-34-127)
Yoshito Frank Kitamoto was an Issei and therefore considered an "enemy alien." He was required to carry this classification card along with his registration certificate. By law, Issei were not allowed to become naturalized citizens until 1952.