"Enemy alien" classification
World War II
"Enemy alien" classification (312)
doc Letter regarding parole termination (ddr-densho-25-117)
This letter from a Department of Justice officer to Matahichi Iseri informed him that as of November 15, 1945, his parole status as an enemy alien had been terminated.
doc Letter regarding residence restriction (ddr-densho-25-54)
This letter from an Immigration and Naturalization Service parole officer to an Issei man in September 1945 informed him that his previous residence restriction had been lifted and he could now return to the West Coast.
doc Letter written by an Issei man (ddr-densho-25-70)
Matahichi Iseri had been imprisoned in Fort Missoula, Montana, a Department of Justice internment camp for "enemy aliens," since shortly after December 7, 1941. He sometimes wrote letters in his native Japanese, which were read and censored by interpreters and officials from the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service.
doc Letter regarding parole appointment (ddr-densho-25-56)
This letter to Matahichi Iseri informed him of his appointment to meet with his parole officer.
doc List of regulations specifying conduct to be observed by "alien enemies" (ddr-densho-25-20)
Matahichi Iseri, considered a "dangerous enemy alien," was arrested on Dec. 7, 1941, and imprisoned in the Department of Justice internment camp at Fort Missoula, Montana. During the war, enemy aliens were not allowed to own contraband articles such as weapons, signal devices, and cameras. They were required to carry certificates of identification at all times, …
doc Alien permit for seasonal work leave (ddr-densho-25-18)
In 1943, the Iseri family lived in Weiser, Idaho, under the seasonal work leave program. This program enabled Japanese Americans to apply for permits to live and work on nearby farms. Kisa Iseri, an Issei, had to apply for a special permit in order to join the rest of her family in Idaho. A list of …
doc Alien's leave permit (ddr-densho-25-34)
In April 1943, Matahichi Iseri and his family were granted permits to leave the Tule Lake concentration camp to go to Weiser, Idaho, as part of the seasonal work leave program. Because he was an Issei, Matahichi Iseri had to apply for a special permit.
doc Issei man's letter envelopes (ddr-densho-25-84)
These envelopes contained letters written by Matahichi Iseri to his family while he was imprisoned in Fort Missoula, Montana, a Department of Justice internment camp for "enemy aliens."
doc Letter written by an Issei man to his family (ddr-densho-25-68)
Matahichi Iseri was arrested on December 7, 1941, and taken to Fort Missoula, Montana, where he was detained at a Department of Justice internment camp for "enemy aliens." While he was separated from his wife and children, he was able to send a limited number of letters to them.
doc Letter regarding parole conditions (ddr-densho-25-55)
This letter informed Matahichi Iseri that under the conditions of his parole, he was barred from returning to the West Coast.
doc Change of Residence Notice (ddr-densho-25-27)
Considered a "dangerous enemy alien," Matahichi Iseri was separated from his family and sent to the Department of Justice internment camp at Fort Missoula, Montana. In June 1942, he received a Change of Residence Notice certificate, which indicated that his request to join his family at the Pinedale Assembly Center in California had been approved.
doc Letter to an Issei man from the U.S. Quartermaster General (ddr-densho-25-60)
Mitsuo (Mike) Iseri, son of Matahichi and Kisa Iseri, was killed in action during World War II. As his closest relative, Matahichi Iseri received a letter from the U.S. Quartermaster General of the Army asking him to complete a form entitled "Request for Disposition of Remains," which enabled him to arrange for the funeral of his …
doc Letter from Issei man to his family (ddr-densho-25-67)
After Japan bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the FBI under the Department of Justice began arresting aliens of Japanese, German, and Italian ancestry. These aliens, although they had not been charged with specific crimes, were considered "dangerous" by the U.S. government, and were interned in special Justice Department camps.
doc Parole Agreement (ddr-densho-25-57)
On December 7, 1941, numerous Japanese nationals were arrested by the FBI as "enemy aliens." An alien enemy hearing board was created, which determined whether the aliens were to be released, paroled, or interned. Matahichi Iseri signed a Parole Agreement in which he agreed to the terms of his parole.
doc Letter regarding parole agreement (ddr-densho-25-53)
Letter from the Department of Justice to Matahichi Iseri regarding his requirements as a parolee. On December 7, 1941, the FBI began to arrest Japanese nationals who were considered "enemy aliens." An alien enemy hearing board was created, which determined whether the individual was to be released, paroled, or interned. Matahichi Iseri was paroled in 1942 …
doc Letter written by an Issei man to his family (ddr-densho-25-26)
While he was at Fort Missoula, Montana, a Department of Justice internment camp for enemy aliens, Matahichi Iseri wrote to his wife and children, who were still awaiting a relocation assignment from the WRA.
doc Letter regarding parole status (ddr-densho-25-112)
This letter from a district director of the Department of Justice was sent to an Issei in 1945. He was detained at the Minidoka concentration camp in Idaho for a period of time, and the letter informed him that while he was there, he did not have to report to a parole officer.
doc Issei's hearing notice (ddr-densho-25-71)
Matahichi Iseri was arrested as an "enemy alien." Those arrested were required to appear before an alien enemy hearing board.
doc Notice of classification (ddr-densho-34-127)
Yoshito Frank Kitamoto was an Issei and therefore considered an "enemy alien." He was required to carry this classification card along with his registration certificate. By law, Issei were not allowed to become naturalized citizens until 1952.
doc Jap and Italian Internees Refuse to Mingle at Camp (April 3, 1942) (ddr-densho-56-829)
The Seattle Daily Times, August 3, 1942, p. 9
doc Shift U.S.-Born Aliens, Too, Say Legionnaires (February 20, 1942) (ddr-densho-56-639)
The Seattle Daily Times, February 20, 1942, p. 13
doc 5,000 Aliens Register Here (February 10, 1942) (ddr-densho-56-615)
The Seattle Daily Times, February 10, 1942, p. 12
doc Ouster of Aliens to Cause Heart-Breaking Problems (February 17, 1942) (ddr-densho-56-630)
The Seattle Daily Times, February 17, 1942, p. 4
doc Jap's Plea Accepted In Registration Case (April 22, 1942) (ddr-densho-56-765)
The Seattle Daily Times, April 22, 1942, p. 28
doc Interned Aliens Will Be Given Hearings (January 18, 1942) (ddr-densho-56-581)
The Seattle Daily Times, January 18, 1942, p. 17