Temporary Assembly Centers

In spring 1942, the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) hastily prepared temporary "assembly centers" to house the individuals of Japanese ancestry who were removed from their homes after the signing of Executive Order 9066. The centers were surrounded by barbed-wire fences and patrolled by armed military police. People were housed in animal stalls and barracks with communal bathrooms and mess halls. After spending up to six months in the "assembly centers," Japanese Americans were moved inland to permanent concentration camps.

World War II (215)
Temporary Assembly Centers (173)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Assembly centers, Fresno (detention facility), Marysville (detention facility), Mayer (detention facility), Merced (detention facility), Owens Valley (detention facility), Parker Dam (detention facility), Pinedale (detention facility), Pomona (detention facility), Portland (detention facility), Puyallup (detention facility), Sacramento (detention facility), Salinas (detention facility), Santa Anita (detention facility), Sites of incarceration, Stockton (detention facility), Tanforan (detention facility), Tulare (detention facility), Turlock (detention facility)

173 items
An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart …
Historical photographs and documents, from internment camps to Military Intelligence Service Language School [order form] (ddr-csujad-1-190)
doc Historical photographs and documents, from internment camps to Military Intelligence Service Language School [order form] (ddr-csujad-1-190)
A book order form. Books published by TecCom Productions include: Manzanar, Tule Lake, Rohwer, Heart Mountain, Assembly Center I (Santa Anita, Pomona, Fresno, Tulare, Pinedale, Salinas), Assembly Center II (Turlock, Tanforan, Stockton, Sacramento, Marysville, Portland, Puyallup). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ike_03_01_004
James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
doc James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
Oral history interview with James Kirihara. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KIRIHARA_JAMES
Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
doc Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
Oral history interview with Sadawo Yonaki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_YONAKI_SADAWO
Robert Ohki interview (ddr-csujad-6-27)
doc Robert Ohki interview (ddr-csujad-6-27)
Oral history interview with Robert Ohki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_OHKI_ROBERT
Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
doc Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
Oral history interview with Fude Tanioka. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIOKA_FUDE
Frances Tashima interview (ddr-csujad-6-34)
doc Frances Tashima interview (ddr-csujad-6-34)
Oral history interview with Frances Tashima. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TASHIMA_FRANCES
Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
doc Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
Outline for an academic social science study, the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS), led by the University of California of the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. Outline highlights area of administrative, social, political and personal areas to be studied by a team of researchers encamped with incarcerees. See this object in …
Letter from S. [Koni] to Hon [F de Amat], November 13,1943 (ddr-csujad-2-4)
doc Letter from S. [Koni] to Hon [F de Amat], November 13,1943 (ddr-csujad-2-4)
Letter from Shunichi K. to [F. de Amat] requesting status on his application to be repatriated to Japan with his wife. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0004
Izumi Taniguchi interview (ddr-csujad-6-31)
doc Izumi Taniguchi interview (ddr-csujad-6-31)
Oral history interview with Izumi Taniguchi. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIGUCHI_IZUMI
University of California, evacuation and settlement study: case history I (ddr-csujad-26-26)
doc University of California, evacuation and settlement study: case history I (ddr-csujad-26-26)
Correspondence regarding a profile of incarceree Harry Osaka written by Robert Spencer. The profile was taken during a trip to Fresno for Harry's mother's funeral with Spencer as the escort and includes Harry's life and family story, farm business before incarceration, religious practices, holiday practices, description of funeral. Profile included as part of the Japanese American …
Program for the Seabiscuit Redecication event (September 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-18)
doc Program for the Seabiscuit Redecication event (September 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-18)
Program for the Seabiscuit Redecication event held at the Tanforan Race Track in San Bruno, California (September 23, 1991).
Newspaper clipping
doc Newspaper clipping "Tanforan, 1942" (ddr-janm-4-42)
Newspaper clipping titled "Tanforan, 1942". The article was written by Soji Kashiwagi on December 17, 1984.
Information sheet about the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center (ddr-janm-4-22)
doc Information sheet about the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center (ddr-janm-4-22)
Information sheet about the history of the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center.
Program for the Tanforan Committee Day of Rememberance event (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-15)
doc Program for the Tanforan Committee Day of Rememberance event (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-15)
Program for the Tanforan Committee Day of Rememberance event being held at the Tanforan Park Shopping Center (February 19, 1979).
Newspaper clipping
doc Newspaper clipping "Tanforan Assembly Center Plaque Dedication" (ddr-janm-4-43)
Newspaper clipping titled "Tanforan Assembly Center Plaque Dedication". The article was written by J.K. Yamamoto on September 25, 1991 for the Hokubei Mainichi newspaper.
doc "Seabiscuit Rededication" speech by Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima (September 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-17)
Speech entitled "Seabiscuit Rededication" by Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima (September 23, 1991). Speech was given at the Tanforan Racetrack in San Bruno, California.
Invitation to Tsuyako
doc Invitation to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima to a Tanforan Detention Center pilgrimage (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-21)
Invitation to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from the Tanforan Committee to go on a pilgrimage to the Tanforan Detention Center for a Day of Remembrance on February 19, 1979.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Tomoko Ikeda (June 10, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-1)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Tomoko Ikeda (June 10, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-1)
Handwritten letter written by Tomoko Ikeda to Molly Wilson, June 10, 1942. Letter was written from an assembly center or a relocation center, and mentions adjusting to food in center and missing school.
Program for the Tanforan Detention Center Day of Remembrance event (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-20)
doc Program for the Tanforan Detention Center Day of Remembrance event (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-20)
Program for the Tanforan Detention Center Day of Remembrance event being held at the Tanforan Park Shopping Center (February 19, 1979).
Letter to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (June 24, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-70)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (June 24, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-70)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (June 24, 1942) from the Santa Anita Assembly Center in Arcadia, California.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 9, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-101)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 9, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-101)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 9, 1942) from the Owens Valley Assembly Center in Manzanar, California.
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