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Agriculture

Many Issei (first-generation Japanese immigrants) began as sharecroppers. Others sought to buy land, but the Issei had to overcome obstacles preventing them from competing with white farmers. California and other states passed alien land laws prohibiting Asian immigrants from purchasing or leasing agricultural land. There were ways around the discriminatory laws: an Issei father could put the property in the name of his American-born child, or issei could form corporations in which a majority of the shareholders were American citizens. Despite the alien land laws, Issei farmers played a significant role in West Coast agriculture. In the years just prior to World War II, Japanese American families grew 35 percent of the produce in California. By the 1920s, Japanese Americans supplied 75 percent of the produce and half the milk to the Puget Sound region.

Industry and employment (435)
Agriculture (693)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Seabrook Farms

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693 items
Memo from Glen Hartman, Chief of Agriculture, Heart Mountain Relocation Center, to Community Council Agriculture Committee, April 6, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-924)
doc Memo from Glen Hartman, Chief of Agriculture, Heart Mountain Relocation Center, to Community Council Agriculture Committee, April 6, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-924)
Memorandum of understanding from Glen Hartman to the Heart Mountain Community Council Agriculture Committee regarding issues related to the "poultry project" and the termination of K. Ichiro Hoshizaki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0926
Rent receipt for R. Yokoyama's farm (ddr-csujad-55-1298)
doc Rent receipt for R. Yokoyama's farm (ddr-csujad-55-1298)
Handwritten receipt for R. Yokoyama's farm rent. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1300
Sentinel supplement, series 47 (March 19, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1039)
doc Sentinel supplement, series 47 (March 19, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1039)
News bulletin for incarcerees covering announcements, events, programs, policies, recreational activities, and jobs at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. Current issue includes information on a survey of farming and automotive equipment (urging "voluntary" sale of incarceree-owned farming equipment to WRA) and paychecks. Includes section in Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Reactions to laborers from relocation centers (ddr-csujad-55-1279)
doc Reactions to laborers from relocation centers (ddr-csujad-55-1279)
An article published in "Sociology and social research: an international journal," vol. 29, no. 1 (September/October, 1944). Essay reporting the results of a survey given to employers regarding Japanese farm laborers. Covers wages, types of crops, character traits, quality of the work, and other opinions of the employers towards farm laborers of Japanese ancestry. See this …
Proposed plan for agricultural resettlers (ddr-csujad-55-17)
doc Proposed plan for agricultural resettlers (ddr-csujad-55-17)
Plan outlining the considerations regarding resettlement of incarceree farmers including farm location, operation, and financing. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00020
Findings (ddr-csujad-55-1230)
doc Findings (ddr-csujad-55-1230)
Report on findings from hearings regarding the termination of Mr. K. Ichiro Hoshizaki and the "poultry dispute" in the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1232
Memo from Glen Hartman, Chief of Agriculture, Heart Mountain Relocation Center, to Community Council, Agriculture Committee, May 4, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-930)
doc Memo from Glen Hartman, Chief of Agriculture, Heart Mountain Relocation Center, to Community Council, Agriculture Committee, May 4, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-930)
Memorandum from Glen Hartman to the Heart Mountain Community Council regarding procedures for testimony related to the "poultry project" hearing. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0932
Letter from Shoji Nagumo, Agriculture Committee, Heart Mountain, to Mr. Glen Hartman, Agriculture Division, May 1, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-928)
doc Letter from Shoji Nagumo, Agriculture Committee, Heart Mountain, to Mr. Glen Hartman, Agriculture Division, May 1, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-928)
Correspondence from Shoji Nagumo to Glen Hartman regarding the presence of witnesses at the "poultry project" hearing. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0930
Sentinel supplement, series 61 (April 26, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1050)
doc Sentinel supplement, series 61 (April 26, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1050)
News bulletin for incarcerees covering announcements, events, programs, policies, recreational activities, and jobs at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. Current issue includes information on employment, a farm equipment scam, and an advertisement for shorthand and typing instructors. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1052
Community Analysis Notes, no. 1, January 15, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-84)
doc Community Analysis Notes, no. 1, January 15, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-84)
Titled as: From a Nisei who said "No." Account by an unnamed Community Analyst at Manzanar of the "life experience and viewpoints" influencing a young man's "No" response to the Army registration form's Question 28. The account stems from the analyst's notes, reproduced verbatim, from an exchange between the young man and the Hearing Board authorized …
Letter from Susanne [Freitas] to the Okine Family, October 29, 1947 (ddr-csujad-5-215)
doc Letter from Susanne [Freitas] to the Okine Family, October 29, 1947 (ddr-csujad-5-215)
Thank you note from Susanne Freitas in San Juan Bautista, California, for the chrysanthemum flowers that the Okine's sent to her. She also mentions that she put the flowers on Mrs. Freitas' grave. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_02_54_001
Letter from Jokichi Yamanaka to Mr. and Mrs. S. Okine, September 5, 1946 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-163)
doc Letter from Jokichi Yamanaka to Mr. and Mrs. S. Okine, September 5, 1946 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-163)
A letter from Jokichi Yamanaka in Hiroshima, Japan to his brother-in-law and sister-in-law, Seiichi and Tomeyo Okine. Jokichi writes about Masao Okine's visit to his place in Hiroshima, Japan and Masao's bringing the gifts from Seiichi and Tomeyo with him. He also writes of Masao's updates on issues in Hollister, California, where Jokichi used to run …
Letter from Y. Fujii to Mr. and Mrs. S. Okine, May 24, 1947 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-204)
doc Letter from Y. Fujii to Mr. and Mrs. S. Okine, May 24, 1947 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-204)
A letter from Yosokichi Fujii, a former incarceree in the Heart Mountain incarceration camp, Wyoming, to Seiichi and Tomeyo Okine. He gives an update of his life after leaving the camp in September 1945 and resettling in Nyssa, Oregon until May 1946. He currently works in Penryn, California in fruit production following his friends' suggestion. He …
Letter from Kimiye Tanimoto to Mr. and Mrs. S. Okine, October 2, 1947 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-211)
doc Letter from Kimiye Tanimoto to Mr. and Mrs. S. Okine, October 2, 1947 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-211)
A letter from Kimiye Tanimoto to her relatives, Seiichi and Tomeyo Okine. Kimiye is a sister-in-law of the Okine's son, Masao Okine. She recently returned from Japan to the US and is producing grapes in Lodi, California. In the letter, she gives appreciation to Seiichi and Tomeyo for their visit and gifts. See this object in …
Mrs. Akiko Suda (ddr-csujad-8-66)
doc Mrs. Akiko Suda (ddr-csujad-8-66)
Oral history interview with Mrs. Akiko Suda. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Suda, Mrs Akiko
Fresno West Side (ddr-csujad-8-13)
doc Fresno West Side (ddr-csujad-8-13)
Oral history interview with Mr. Nori Masuda, Mrs. Masako Inada, Mrs. Fumi Nakajima, and Mrs. Setsu Hirasuna. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Fresno West Side
Torao Ty Arifuku (ddr-csujad-8-6)
doc Torao Ty Arifuku (ddr-csujad-8-6)
Oral history interview with Torao Ty Arifuku. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Arifuku, Torao Ty
Toru Naito (ddr-csujad-8-47)
doc Toru Naito (ddr-csujad-8-47)
Oral history interview with Toru Naito. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Naito, Toru
Harry Sakae Watanabe (ddr-csujad-8-83)
doc Harry Sakae Watanabe (ddr-csujad-8-83)
A statement by Sakae Watanabe. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Watanabe, Harry Sakae
Bessie Ezaki (ddr-csujad-8-11)
doc Bessie Ezaki (ddr-csujad-8-11)
Oral history interview with Aiko Bessie Ezaki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Ezaki, Bessie
Masao Okamura (ddr-csujad-8-57)
doc Masao Okamura (ddr-csujad-8-57)
Oral history interview with Masao Okamura. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Okamura, Masao
Mr. and Mrs. Torazo Ouchi (ddr-csujad-8-60)
doc Mr. and Mrs. Torazo Ouchi (ddr-csujad-8-60)
Oral history interview with Torazo and Hanako Ouchi. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Ouchi, Mr and Mrs Torazo
Masao Araki (ddr-csujad-8-4)
doc Masao Araki (ddr-csujad-8-4)
Oral history interview with Masao Araki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Araki, Masao
Iwao Kodama (ddr-csujad-8-28)
doc Iwao Kodama (ddr-csujad-8-28)
A statement by Iwao Kodama. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Kodama, Iwao
Masami Arita (ddr-csujad-8-7)
doc Masami Arita (ddr-csujad-8-7)
Oral history interview with Masami Arita. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Arita, Masami
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