Economic losses

The economic and emotional toll associated with the uprooting of Japanese Americans from their homes and businesses was enormous. The cost was especially high for the issei (first-generation immigrants), who had worked most of their lives to establish financial security for themselves and their children. Many Japanese Americans bitterly recall being forced to sell property, personal belongings, and business equipment for a fraction of their value to opportunistic scavengers. Evacuees could take only what they could carry. They left behind heirlooms, cherished toys, and family pets. Farmers continued to work for a harvest they would never see, told it would be "disloyal" to stop. The bustling Nihonmachis (Japantowns) of the West Coast closed down and never fully recovered, even after the war ended.

World War II (215)
Economic losses (277)

277 items
Evacuation claims compromise settlement award sheet (ddr-csujad-42-140)
doc Evacuation claims compromise settlement award sheet (ddr-csujad-42-140)
A carbon copy of an award sheet issued by Holmes Baldridge, Assistant Attorney General, Claims Division, Department of Justice, and signed by John A, Jenkins, Attorney. 641.33 dollars were awarded for Fumio Fred Takano's claim. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_75_001
Claim for damage to or loss of real or personal property by a person of Japanese ancestry, Form no. Cl. 1,  work sheet (ddr-csujad-42-134)
doc Claim for damage to or loss of real or personal property by a person of Japanese ancestry, Form no. Cl. 1, work sheet (ddr-csujad-42-134)
An exact copy of the claim form, "Claim for damage to or loss of real or personal property by a person of Japanese ancestry," which is provided by Japanese American Citizens' League as a worksheet. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_72_002
Mechanics hand tools, estimate (ddr-csujad-42-139)
doc Mechanics hand tools, estimate (ddr-csujad-42-139)
A handwritten list of mechanics hand tools which presumably belong to Fumio Fred Takano. It itemizes his tools and the market value of those tools. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_74_002
Claim for damage to or loss of real or personal property by a person of Japanese ancestry, Form no. CL. 1, Itsuhei Takano, copy (ddr-csujad-42-136)
doc Claim for damage to or loss of real or personal property by a person of Japanese ancestry, Form no. CL. 1, Itsuhei Takano, copy (ddr-csujad-42-136)
A copy of the claim form, "No. CL. 1, Claim for damage to or loss of real or personal property by a person of Japanese ancestry," prepared by Japanese American Citizens' League as an informational worksheet. It claims Itsuhei Takano's damage and loss. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Estimate of economic losses (ddr-csujad-42-138)
doc Estimate of economic losses (ddr-csujad-42-138)
A draft estimating economic losses of presumably Fumio Fred Takano. It itemizes his properties to be sold prior to the forced evacuation, the expenses in the camp while incarcerated, and the costs after returning to home including repairs on his house and property damaged during the absence. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Statement of claim (ddr-csujad-42-135)
doc Statement of claim (ddr-csujad-42-135)
A form, Statement of claim. It appears to be a draft filled by Fumio Fred Takano. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_72_003
Economic loss survey of Pacific Coast evacuees (ddr-csujad-55-176)
doc Economic loss survey of Pacific Coast evacuees (ddr-csujad-55-176)
Survey form on economic loss of incarcerees, completed by George A. Nakano. Includes personal data, estimated losses, accounts, fees, and household losses due to relocation and incarceration. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0178
US payments on Japanese claims top $35,000,000 (ddr-csujad-55-2409)
doc US payments on Japanese claims top $35,000,000 (ddr-csujad-55-2409)
Newspaper clipping published in an unknown source regarding claims filed by Japanese Americans after World War II to recover losses on property and personal items due to forced removal. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2515
List of evacuation losses (ddr-csujad-55-2412)
doc List of evacuation losses (ddr-csujad-55-2412)
Notebook containing itemized list of George Hideo Nakamura's personal property for the purposes of evacuation claims. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2518
Claim for damage to or loss of real or personal property by a person of Japanese ancestry, Form no. Cl. 1, George Hideo Nakamura, continues from form (ddr-csujad-55-2425)
doc Claim for damage to or loss of real or personal property by a person of Japanese ancestry, Form no. Cl. 1, George Hideo Nakamura, continues from form (ddr-csujad-55-2425)
Itemized list of claims for George Hideo Nakamura. See also sac_jaac_2530. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2531
Claim for damage to or loss of real or personal property by a person of Japanese ancestry, Form no. Cl. 1, George Hideo Nakamura, copy (ddr-csujad-55-2424)
doc Claim for damage to or loss of real or personal property by a person of Japanese ancestry, Form no. Cl. 1, George Hideo Nakamura, copy (ddr-csujad-55-2424)
Copy of the form, "Claim for damage to or loss of real or personal property by a person of Japanese ancestry" distributed by the Japanese American Citizens League. Current form completed by George Hideo Nakamura including an itemized list of personal property claims. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Notice of claim for property deposited pursuant to alien enemy regulations (ddr-csujad-55-2423)
doc Notice of claim for property deposited pursuant to alien enemy regulations (ddr-csujad-55-2423)
Blank form for former incarcerees to make claims for loss of personal property due to forced removal during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2529
Claim of Julius Downs (ddr-csujad-55-2134)
doc Claim of Julius Downs (ddr-csujad-55-2134)
Claim of Julius Downs, no. 146-35-3593. Decided February 26, 1953. From Precedent Adjudications of the Attorney General of the United States Volume I, Precedent Decisions Under the Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2237
Letter from Phillip Isenberg, Member of the Assembly, 10th District, August 6, 1985 (ddr-csujad-55-2451)
doc Letter from Phillip Isenberg, Member of the Assembly, 10th District, August 6, 1985 (ddr-csujad-55-2451)
Correspondence from Phillip Isenberg to "Friend" regarding the opening of an exhibit documenting the dismissal of Japanese American employees of the state of California during their forced removal and incarceration during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2557
Closing barn on day of mass removal (ddr-densho-151-194)
img Closing barn on day of mass removal (ddr-densho-151-194)
Original caption: Centerville, California. Nailing the hayloft door on the morning of evacuation. Farmers and other evacuees of Japanese ancestry will be given opportunities to follow their callings at War Relocation Authority centers where they will spend the duration.
House for rent in Japantown (ddr-densho-151-317)
img House for rent in Japantown (ddr-densho-151-317)
Original caption: Sacramento, California. Rooming House in the Japanese section of town. Photograph taken two days before evacuation.
Farmer closing his greenhouse prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-128)
img Farmer closing his greenhouse prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-128)
Original caption: Mission San Jose, California. Ready to close the doors of greenhouse on strawberry truck farm in Santa Clara County. Evacuees of Japanese descent will be housed in War Relocation Authority center for the duration.
Yugoslavian man taking over Japanese-operated farm (ddr-densho-151-122)
img Yugoslavian man taking over Japanese-operated farm (ddr-densho-151-122)
Original caption: Centerville, California. Yugoslavian farmer is taking over berry farm formerly operated by residents of Japanese ancestry, who are being sent to assembly points and later to be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
People shopping at
img People shopping at "evacuation sale" (ddr-densho-151-213)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. At a close-out sale these patrons were buying merchandise to take with them when they are evacuated. Evacuees of Japanese ancestry will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Restaurant vacated by Japanese American owner (ddr-densho-151-85)
img Restaurant vacated by Japanese American owner (ddr-densho-151-85)
Original caption: The full caption for this photograph reads: San Francisco, California. Entrance to a restaurant vacated by a proprietor of Japanese descent prior to evacuation. Evacuees of Japanese ancestry will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers where they will spend the duration.
img "Evacuation sale" at business run by Japanese Americans (ddr-densho-151-137)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. A study in contrast in Chinatown: The store on the right is operated by a proprietor of Japanese ancestry, and does a land office business as evacuation nears. Previously, many similar stores suffered losses of patronage because of boycott on Japanese products. Evacuees of Japanese descent will be housed in War …
Farewell letter posted in Chinatown shop (ddr-densho-151-118)
img Farewell letter posted in Chinatown shop (ddr-densho-151-118)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Letter of appreciation posted in window of Pacific Dry Goods Company, 434-440 Grant Avenue, in San Francisco's Chinatown. Evacuees of Japanese descent will be housed at War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Farmer preparing for mass removal (ddr-densho-151-269)
img Farmer preparing for mass removal (ddr-densho-151-269)
Original caption: Woodland, California. Tenant farmer of Japanese ancestry who has just completed settlement of their affairs and everything is packed ready for evacuation on the following morning to an assembly center.
Family transplanting tomato plants (ddr-densho-151-448)
img Family transplanting tomato plants (ddr-densho-151-448)
Original caption: San Leandro, California. Family labor transplanting young tomato plants under canvas about ten days prior to evacuation of residents of Japanese ancestry to Assembly Centers.
Japanese American farmers prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-124)
img Japanese American farmers prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-124)
Original caption: San Leandro, California. Family labor transplanting young tomato plants under canvas about ten days prior to evacuation of residents of Japanese ancestry to Assembly Centers.
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