Economic losses

The economic and emotional toll associated with the uprooting of Japanese Americans from their homes and businesses was enormous. The cost was especially high for the issei (first-generation immigrants), who had worked most of their lives to establish financial security for themselves and their children. Many Japanese Americans bitterly recall being forced to sell property, personal belongings, and business equipment for a fraction of their value to opportunistic scavengers. Evacuees could take only what they could carry. They left behind heirlooms, cherished toys, and family pets. Farmers continued to work for a harvest they would never see, told it would be "disloyal" to stop. The bustling Nihonmachis (Japantowns) of the West Coast closed down and never fully recovered, even after the war ended.

World War II (215)
Economic losses (277)

277 items
img "Evacuation sale" at Japanese American store (ddr-densho-151-92)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Customers buy merchandise in a store operated by a proprietor of Japanese ancestry during a pre-evacuation sale. Evacuees of Japanese ancestry will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Tolan Committee representative meeting with Japanese American farmer (ddr-densho-151-216)
img Tolan Committee representative meeting with Japanese American farmer (ddr-densho-151-216)
Original caption: San Jose, California. John W. Abbott, chief field investigator for the Tolan Congressional Defense Committee on Migration, is shown speaking to a young celery grower, on March 27, 1942, who has just completed arrangements for leasing his farm during evacuation. He holds the lease document in his hand. He and his sisters were evacuated …
Household goods waiting for storage (ddr-densho-151-287)
img Household goods waiting for storage (ddr-densho-151-287)
Original caption: Woodland, California. Household goods belonging to evacuees of Japanese ancestry, stacked for storage. The Federal Reserve Bank is assisting, in conjunction with the Wartime Civil Control Administration, in the final settlement of their affairs.
Exclusion orders posted in vacated restaurant (ddr-densho-151-127)
img Exclusion orders posted in vacated restaurant (ddr-densho-151-127)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Civilian Exclusion Order Number 5, ordering evacuation of residents of Japanese ancestry, posted in a vacant store window on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. This establishment, like many others in Chinatown, was operated by proprietors of Japanese descent. Evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Sign advertising household goods (ddr-densho-151-318)
img Sign advertising household goods (ddr-densho-151-318)
Original caption: Sacramento, California. Preparations are being made for evacuation two days hence of all residents of Japanese ancestry from this city.
Close-out sale at nursery (ddr-densho-151-305)
img Close-out sale at nursery (ddr-densho-151-305)
Original caption: Berkeley, California. Residents of Japanese ancestry are closing out their businesses in preparation for the coming evacuation. They will be moved into War Relocation Authority centers to spend the duration.
Japantown store prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-325)
img Japantown store prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-325)
Original caption: Florin, California. View on main street of this little agriculture town in the center of the strawberry and grape-producing area occupied mostly by residents of Japanese ancestry. Evacuation is due in two days of people of Japanese descent from this community.
Japanese American farmers prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-126)
img Japanese American farmers prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-126)
Original caption: Near Mission San Jose, California. This family of Japanese ancestry have but a few more days to work in their stawberry field before evacuation to an assembly point from where they will later be transferred to a War Relocation Authority center to spend the duration.
Japanese-owned farm recently sold (ddr-densho-151-121)
img Japanese-owned farm recently sold (ddr-densho-151-121)
Original caption: Near Centerville, Alameda County, California. Japanese berry farm transferred to a Yugoslavian in United States since 1913.
Japanese American selling possessions (ddr-densho-151-275)
img Japanese American selling possessions (ddr-densho-151-275)
Original caption: Centerville, California. Scene in the Japanese American Citizens League local office. This office is assisting the farmers of Japanese ancestry in this district to arrange their affairs for evacuation and to keep them posted on events. Harry Konda, officer of the league, is disposing of a washing machine to a local Mexican farm laborer's …
Japanese American boarding up store (ddr-densho-151-93)
img Japanese American boarding up store (ddr-densho-151-93)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. With the the owner scheduled to be evacuated, a store front is boarded on Post Street, San Francisco, California.
Goods for sale in Japantown (ddr-densho-151-233)
img Goods for sale in Japantown (ddr-densho-151-233)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. A common sight on the streets of the Japanese quarter of the city prior to evacuation.
Father and son in front of store (ddr-densho-151-272)
img Father and son in front of store (ddr-densho-151-272)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Dave Tatsuno and his father, merchants of Japanese ancestry in San Francisco prior to evacuation.
Farewell letter posted in Chinatown restaurant (ddr-densho-151-117)
img Farewell letter posted in Chinatown restaurant (ddr-densho-151-117)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Farewell letter posted in show window of T.Z. Shiota, importer in San Francisco's Chinatown, prior to evacuation of residents of Japanese ancestry. Evacuees will be housed at War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Personal property of Takanori Tsuchiyama (ddr-csujad-55-889)
doc Personal property of Takanori Tsuchiyama (ddr-csujad-55-889)
List of personal property belonging to Takanori Tsuchiyama. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0891
Claim of Toshi Shimomaye (ddr-csujad-55-2128)
doc Claim of Toshi Shimomaye (ddr-csujad-55-2128)
Claim of Toshi Shimomaye, no. 146-35-270. Decided April 14, 1950. From Precedent Adjudications of the Attorney General of the United States Volume I, Precedent Decisions Under the Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2231
Information concerning clams under the evacuation claims law (ddr-csujad-55-2427)
doc Information concerning clams under the evacuation claims law (ddr-csujad-55-2427)
Informational pamphlet for all "evacuee-claimants" filing claims for losses incurred during forced removal and incarceration during World War II. Includes analysis of public law 886, assistance in preparing claims, how to answer form questions, and types of real and personal property. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2533
Postcard from U.S. Department of Justice to George Hideo Nakamura, July 5, 1950 (ddr-csujad-55-2449)
doc Postcard from U.S. Department of Justice to George Hideo Nakamura, July 5, 1950 (ddr-csujad-55-2449)
Card acknowledging receipt of George Hideo Nakamura's claim under Public Law 886 for losses incurred as part of incarceration during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2555
Notice from Homes Baldridge, Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Claims Division, to claimants under the evacuation claims act of July 2, 1948 (ddr-csujad-55-2426)
doc Notice from Homes Baldridge, Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Claims Division, to claimants under the evacuation claims act of July 2, 1948 (ddr-csujad-55-2426)
Information about forms necessary to submit a claim pursuant to the Evacuation Claims Act. Includes instructions and documents needed for submitting a claim. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2532
Evacuation claims compromise settlement award sheet (ddr-csujad-55-2446)
doc Evacuation claims compromise settlement award sheet (ddr-csujad-55-2446)
Award sheet for a claim made by George Hideo Nakamura for his losses of personal property during his forced removal and incarceration during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2552
Minutes from the Heart Mountain Community Council meeting, April 17, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-552)
doc Minutes from the Heart Mountain Community Council meeting, April 17, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-552)
Minutes from the Heart Mountain Community Council meeting. Includes discussion on counseling, transfers to Heart Mountain incarceration camp, and losses incurred from "evacuation." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0554
Our 110,000 new boarders (ddr-csujad-55-180)
doc Our 110,000 new boarders (ddr-csujad-55-180)
Opinion article by J.P. McEvoy on the Japanese incarceration during World War II. Includes the author's perspective on implications of the incarceration for American taxpayers and armed forces, history of Japanese labor in the United States, and opinion on the incarceration. Condensed from the Baltimore Sunday Sun. A version of this article also appeared in Reader's …
U.S. Department of Justice Form (ddr-csujad-29-18)
doc U.S. Department of Justice Form (ddr-csujad-29-18)
Form to Department of Justice. Claim for damage to or loss of real personal property by a person of Japanese ancestry. Ernest Yamada, applicant. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 1949_M01
Oral history with Emi Yamaki (ddr-csujad-29-377)
av Oral history with Emi Yamaki (ddr-csujad-29-377)
An oral interview with Emi Yamaki. The interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_jaoh_0934. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 1335_T01
An oral history with James Otsuka (ddr-csujad-29-53)
av An oral history with James Otsuka (ddr-csujad-29-53)
An oral interview with James Otsuka, Orange County resident. The interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_jaoh_0166. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 3467_T01
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