The Japanese American Citizens League

The Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) was organized in the late 1920s by a small group of young, professional nisei in response to the anti-Japanese fervor of the times. The organization was decidedly patriotic and dealt with discrimination by emphasizing American citizenship, loyalty, and assimilation. Because of their ideology, JACL members were recruited by the military to assist in carrying out the "evacuation" orders, and they urged Japanese Americans to cooperate with the government. The group inspired strong, mixed feelings among Japanese Americans during this time. However, in the years following the war, the JACL regained much of its former support by successfully overturning many legal barriers for Japanese Americans.

Community activities (876)
Associations and organizations (542)
The Japanese American Citizens League (1820)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Warren Furutani, Japanese American Citizens League, Saburo Kido, James Sakamoto, Masao Satow, Walter Tsukamoto, Edison Uno

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1820 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 2 (July 11, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 2 (July 11, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-28)
Select article titles: "Tokyoans celebrate 100th anniversary of Joseph Heco's naturalization as American citizen, descendants attend" (p.3); "Utah Congressman Dawson alerts colleagues to 15th Biennial parley" (p. 4); "'Why I am against JACL involvement in U.S.-Japan relations': Saburo Kido" (p. 5); "Bay Area home builder denies minority races depreciate property values" (p.8) Starting in No. 13, …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 46, No. 24 (June 13, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 46, No. 24 (June 13, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-24)
Select article titles: "Hassle over JACL policy on U.S.-Japan affair quieted" (p.1); "Chapters, District Councils moot U.S.-Japan issue" (p.1); "Morticians ask lifting of race barrier" (p. 3); "Township council repreimands resident fearful of Chinese family moving in" (p. 5)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 3 (July 17, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 3 (July 17, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-29)
Selected article titles: "Evacuee claimant's private bill to extend filing deadline vetoed" (p. 1), "Hawaiian statehood certain to affect racial policies of Australia, New Zealand" (p. 2), "Names hurt like sticks, stones" (p. 7), "California fair housing bill signed, affects FHA-VA homes" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 6 (August 7, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 6 (August 7, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-32)
Selected article titles: "Sansei teacher denied Virginia position" (p. 1), "36 AJAs elected to Hawaii state senate and house" (p. 1), "Filipino attitude on Japan softens" (p. 3), "Hard work, good water, eating fresh fruit seen as key to longevity of Fowler Issei" (p. 4), "Three neighboring high schools in Turlock to sport Sansei student body …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 1 (July 3, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 1 (July 3, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-27)
Selected article titles: "Hawaii plebiscite passes 17-1; 58 AJAs win in primaries" (p. 1), "Eagle Scout Ito rescues Sansei from drowning" (p. 1), "Ray Yasui's daughter Joan elected Oregon Girls State governor, named to Girls Nation, chosen 4-H president--all inside a week" (p. 1), "Stomach cancer study on Orientals started" (p. 1), "Suggest Americans of Asian …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 5 (July 31, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 5 (July 31, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-31)
Selected article titles: "442nd hero elected Hawaii's congressman. Fong succeeds in bid for Senate seat" (p. 1), "Grant Ujifusa of Wyoming only Nisei at 'Nation'" (p. 1), "House committee strips strongest section of new civil rights bill" (p. 1), "Role of Nisei in promoting Japan for Olympics told" (p. 2), "Sansei in group planning to float …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 26 (June 26, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 26 (June 26, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-26)
Selected article titles: "Need of strong JACL organization cited by Nisei who felt housing bias" (p. 1), "Call for rare B-Positive Type blood made to save life of Idaho Falls 2-year-old boy" (p. 1), "Japanese Canadian history project given 'green light'" (p. 1), "Mountain-Plains JACLers feel U.S.-Japan problems not as crucial to Inland CLers" (p. 5), …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 23 (December 4, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-49)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 23 (December 4, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-49)
Selected article titles: "8 Rocky Mountain Nisei honored for community service at Mtn.-PDC confab" (p. 1), "40 and 8 refuses to drop 'white' only membership" (p. 2), "Calif. Att'y General holds real estate men to Unruh Act" (p. 3), "Evacuation days to be recalled" (p. 3), "Li'l Tokio community center hopes revived by consul-gen'l" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 4 (July 24, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 4 (July 24, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-30)
Selected article titles: "U.C. regents clear campus of fraternity bias" (p. 1), "Idaho Nisei regains U.S. citizenship as private bill signed" (p. 1), "JACL support of returning vested property told in detail" (p. 1), "Father LaFarge takes issue with stand of Eisenhower on civil rights legislation" (p. 1), "Saibara Family credited by American rice industry for …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 17 (October 23, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 17 (October 23, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-43)
Selected article titles: "20 tons of relief clothing crated in L.A. for Nagoya" (p. 1), "U.S. Civil Rights Commission starts 3rd year program" (p. 1), "Sansei school safety patrol officer acts quickly to save life of another" (p. 1), "Temporary farm workers return to Japan, very little said favorably of program" (p. 3), "African official hails …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 2 (January 9, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 2 (January 9, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-2)
Selected article titles: "Suit filed to protest yen exchange rate of bank claims" (p. 1), "Nisei attorney asked to defend confessed killer, but asks out" (p. 1), "Calif. attorney general rules against anti-racial frats on state college" (p. 1), "Nisei subcommittee formed for Utah civil rights group" (p. 1), "Ellison appointment to vacant Court of Claims …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 7 (February 13, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 7 (February 13, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-7)
Selected article titles: "Native Son leader of 1941-42 addresses Oakland JACL inaugural" (p. 1), "Calif. State Senate Urges Hawaii Statehood" (p. 1), "For longevity--eat sashimi and ripe tomatoes, said Issei who lived till 101" (p. 2), "Racial bias at bar hit in California measure" (p. 2), "Nisei medico reports diagnosis of flu during epidemic half right, …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 17 (April 24, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 17 (April 24, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-17)
Selected article titles: "Australia not interested in Americans of Oriental ancestry as immigrants" (p. 1), "Gov. Brown vows to fight FEPC referendum if placed on ballot" (p. 1), "Strandee sues gov't for selling off home" (p. 1), "Salt Lake chapter signs Japanese movie star, now housewife, as 550th member" (p. 4), "Perfumed waters off mudflats of …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 18 (May 1, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 18 (May 1, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-18)
Selected article titles: "Fair Housing Act in Colorado out on shaky start" (p. 1), "Calif. fair housing bill pending in Senate committee" (p. 1), "Aged Issei dies without known survivors, had refused to make will leaving $50,000" (p. 1), "Racial differences noted in attack of cancer, Japanese high in stomach cases" (p. 2), "New York telecasting …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 1 (January 2, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 1 (January 2, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-1)
Selected article titles: "War bride studies for naturalization while in hospital, discharged as citizen" (p. 1), "Sansei youth return $4,000 found in bag given them to wrap small purchase items" (p. 1), "Race bias charged in employment of clerical workers" (p. 1), "Mass naturalization rites of 126 Issei, integration of evacuees into So. Jersey community recalled …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 14 (October 2, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 14 (October 2, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-40)
Selected article titles: "President signs amendment to immigration bill" (p. 1), "Elderly Issei in 80s and 90s sworn in as new citizens" (p. 1), "Few Japanese farm laborers able to save million yen from three-year U.S. stay" (p. 1), "Nisei discrimination topic of Yoshino speech" (p. 1), "Nisei administrative assistant to Burns steps into political job …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 11 (March 13, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 11 (March 13, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-11)
Selected article titles: "Hawaii statehood bill passes Senate, 76-15" (p. 1), "Utah House OK's Civil Rights Measure 52-11" (p. 1), "Negro judge urges Philadelphia JACLers work with other minorities to fight bias" (p. 2), "Oldest U.S. Japanese Christian church seeking new building site" (p. 3), "Washington State Alien Land Law Referendum Set for 1959" (p. 8), …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 22 (November 27, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 22 (November 27, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-48)
Selected article titles: "Rule Cal. Campus groups eliminate race bias by 1964" (p. 1), "Li'l Abner cartoon use of 'Japs' charged as 'appalling incident' by Cleveland CLer" (p. 1), "Tacoma Nisei who studied art in Los Angeles, Chicago, Paris settles down in New Mexico; manages nursery, rock landscaping" (p. 3), "U.S. colleges note impetus of students …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 9 (August 28, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 9 (August 28, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-35)
Selected article titles: "50th star flutters: Hawaii now full-fledged state" (p. 1), "Immigration director who facilitated Issei naturalization named to intelligence" (p. 1), "Mid-Manhattan's power blackout taken in stride; mother tells ghost stories to children at bedtime, enjoyed by candlelight" (p. 3), "Zen identified with 'state where nothing of importance is left' says world's leading authority, …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 13 (September 25, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 13 (September 25, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-39)
Selected article titles: "Inouye prays U.S. stay firm after 'K' visit" (p. 1), "Negroes urged by newspaper columnist to maintain close ties with Nisei" (p. 1), "Private bill signed to admit Japanese ex-TB immigrant" (p. 1), "Nisei VFW post poker palace license fight ends, more clubs may be opened" (p. 3), "JACL's long-standing record on civil …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 12 (September 18, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 12 (September 18, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-38)
Selected article titles: "JACL joins nat'l organizations for meaningful civil rights bill" (p. 1), "Immigration law liberalized to reunite family units, bill on President's desk" (p. 1), "Important to look back to past as well as to future in all types of planning, Wakamatsu tells CLers at EDC-MDC confab" (p. 3), "300-mile radius of Magic Valley …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 11 (September 11, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 11 (September 11, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-37)
Selected article titles: "Urge Nisei now repay U.S. by service. Rep. Inouye warns against 'patting ourselves on the back' at EDC-MDC fete" (p. 1), "Appoint Tsukiyama chief justice of Hawaii's state supreme court" (p. 1), "Congress extends law to admit orphans and tuberculosis victims" (p. 1), "Army to investigate discrimination charge of Negro GI with Japanese …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 21 (May 22, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 21 (May 22, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-21)
Selected article titles: "Justice Dept. admits 'mistake' of evacuation. Remarks made at ceremony ending administrative program for renunciants" (p. 1), "Lack of civil rights in U.S. seen as threat to world peace" (p. 1), "Tule Lake WRA camp on the block for sale to bidder" (p. 1), "Mas Yamashita first Idaho Nisei named to Military Academy" …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 23 (June 5, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 23 (June 5, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-23)
Selected article titles: "Oregon governor names JACLer to state agricultural board" (p. 1), "Toronto editorial asks Canadian gov't to apologize for its Japanese evacuation" (p. 1), "Control of Seabrook farms transferred" (p. 1), "2,600 U.S. Issei naturalized in 1958 fiscal year" (p. 1), "Editorial samplings of nation's press supports Justice Dept. view on evacuation; one columnist …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 6 (February 6, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 6 (February 6, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-6)
Selected article titles: "Issei first to get new DAR pin" (p. 1), "26 State Solons Co-Author Cal. FEPC Measure" (p. 1), "IDC to discuss marriage bias laws" (p. 1), "Hawaii maintains vigorous campaign to push citizenship training classes for aliens" (p. 3), "Chinese tongs provided insurance against want, place to stay in San Francisco" (p. 3), …
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