Fishing and canneries

Japanese Americans found work at salmon canneries along the Columbia River in Oregon and Washington, and their labor was welcomed in Alaskan towns such as Ketchikan and Petersburg as early as the 1890s. They traveled by ship to the cannery towns, where they slowly developed small communities whose population swelled with the yearly arrival of workers. Issei (Japanese immigrant) entrepreneurs started the oyster industry from scratch in Puget Sound. Japanese American oyster farms became thriving businesses before World War II.

Industry and employment (480)
Fishing and canneries (256)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Takahashi v. Fish and Game Commission

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256 items
Departure from the canneries (ddr-densho-15-42)
img Departure from the canneries (ddr-densho-15-42)
These workers are in Shear Water Bay near Kodiak Island. They are about to leave the canneries.
Canned salmon (ddr-densho-15-89)
img Canned salmon (ddr-densho-15-89)
The cans of salmon have been set out to cool after being cooked and cleaned.
Oyster-farm station house (ddr-densho-15-104)
img Oyster-farm station house (ddr-densho-15-104)
The station house is where oyster farmers lived during the harvesting season. The house was erected on pilings. In the foreground is a bateau, or small barge, that was used to haul oysters.
Willa Point Oyster Company (ddr-densho-15-113)
img Willa Point Oyster Company (ddr-densho-15-113)
The Willa Point Oyster Company canned local oysters for shipping.
Oyster bateau and scow (ddr-densho-15-116)
img Oyster bateau and scow (ddr-densho-15-116)
The scow (upper right) and oyster bateau (lower right) harvested oysters together. The scow was equipped with a winch-operated dredge, which was lowered and dragged across the oyster beds at high tide. Oysters were then loaded onto the bateau and delivered to the processing plant. Both scows and bateaux had to be towed.
Oyster processing machine (?) (ddr-densho-15-32)
img Oyster processing machine (?) (ddr-densho-15-32)
This machine from the Yamashita oyster farm might have been used to process oyster shells.
Oyster  farmer (ddr-densho-15-99)
img Oyster farmer (ddr-densho-15-99)
Hisato "Monks" Yano harvesting oysters with tongs. Tongs were used when the tide was not completely out. Oysters were collected between two rakes, one at the end of each pole. The harvester pushed the poles together, closing the rakes, then pulled up the oysters. One load weighed approximately 20 to 30 pounds.
Oyster farmer (ddr-densho-15-96)
img Oyster farmer (ddr-densho-15-96)
Mr. Okazaki gathering oysters in bushel baskets. When full, the baskets were emptied onto the bateau in the background. If the flats were muddy, the baskets were pulled to the bateau on wooden slats. The gloves worn by Okazaki were made from canvas covered with rubber. Because of the sharp oyster shells, a pair of gloves …
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 21 (March 21, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-8)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 21 (March 21, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-8)
"Unions Reject Alaska Industrial Offer" (p. 1), "B.C. Students Ask Citizenship for Japanese, Indians" (p. 1), "Yoshida Urges U.S. to Stay in Japan to Insure Peace" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 74 (October 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-61)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 74 (October 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-61)
"Nisei War Dead on Second Shipment of State Servicemen Killed in Action" (p. 1), "New Local 7 Cannery Union Officers Will be Installed on Nov. 1" (p. 1), "JCCC Promises Legal Experts for Japanese" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 34 (April 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-102)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 34 (April 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-102)
"A.V.C. Files Brief as Friend of Court in Takahashi Litigation; Assails Bias in Calif. Measure" (p. 1)," Local 7 Alaska Workers to Consider Strike Vote" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 35 (April 21, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-103)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 35 (April 21, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-103)
"Cabanilla Says: Local 7 Will Start "Throwing Punches' in Alaska Talks" (p. 1), "JACL Goes on Record as Backing Prompt Statehood for Hawaii" (p. 1), "U.S. Enters Takahashi Case" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 20 (March 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-7)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 20 (March 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-7)
"Fort Denies GI's in Town Saturday Night" (p. 1), "Pay Differences Peril Continuance of Salmon Industry" (p. 1), "Most Japanese Unaffected by Deportation Rule" (p. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 27 (March 24, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-97)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 27 (March 24, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-97)
"Nisei War Memorial Drive Keeps on Rolling Along" (p. 1), "Top Court in Nation to Rule on Validity of Calif. Fish Code Barring "Ineligible Aliens" (p. 1), "Money to Fight Nisei Revealed" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
"Alaska Cannery Contract Talks Start" (p. 1), "House Unit Halts Bills Preventing Alien Deportation" (p. 1), "Army Seeks More Nisei GI's to Aid Occupation of Japan" (p. 1), "Republican Majority Votes to Kill State FEPC Bill" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 45 (June 27, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-33)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 45 (June 27, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-33)
"International Body Ousts Local 7 Officers" (p. 1), "Urges Board to Sift Loss in Evacuation" (p. 1), "Death of Race Ties Unit of NHA Set for Monday, June 30; Lack of Funds Forces Move, Aide Says" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 37 (May 7, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-204)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 37 (May 7, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-204)
"Japanese Canadians Will Use Their Provincial Franchise on June 15, Day of B.C. Election" (p. 1), "Washington State CIO Council Backs Local 7 in Fight against AFL Unit in Cannery Dispute" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 42 (May 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-209)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 42 (May 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-209)
"NLRB Turns Down Petition by Two AFL Unions for Vote Among Alaska Cannery Men" (p. 1), "Honors to GI Dead and Dedication of Monument Set" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 72 (October 3, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-59)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 72 (October 3, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-59)
"Local 7 Rejects Ousted Officials" (p. 1), Postscript to World War II: Nation's War Dead to Return Oct. 10" (p. 1), "Court Returns Greenhouses to Japanese" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 39 (June 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-27)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 39 (June 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-27)
"Many Alaska Salmon Industry Workers Sought" (p. 1), "Report Cites B.C. Removal of Japanese" (p. 1), "Okada and Satow Will Speak Here Monday Night in Buddhist Church; Report on Claims Board Bill" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 31 (April 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-100)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 31 (April 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-100)
"Brief Raps Calif. Bill "Sheer' Bias" (p. 1), "Resignation of President Rojo from Local 7 Stirs Up Confusion Among Cannery Workers' Ranks" (p. 1), "U.S. Intelligence Officer Lauds Work of Nisei GI's in Japan War" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
"House Immigration Unit Favors H.R. 3566, JACL-ADC Reports" (p. 1) "54 Nisei Leave for Alaska Canned Salmon Work" (p. 1), "Vote for Claims Board Measure, Rep. Twyman Tells Colleagues" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 33 (April 14, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-101)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 33 (April 14, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-101)
"Pacific Northwest Trade Helps Orient Recovery, NWA Aide Says" (p. 1), "House Will Hear Legislations on Naturalization April 19" (p. 1), "Orders Halt on Hearing Against CIO" (p. 1), "JACL to File Brief with Top Court to Back Takahashi in Fish Case" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 56 (July 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-223)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 56 (July 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-223)
"B.C. Fishermen Disapprove of Biased Action" (p. 1), "Talks on ENI to be Heard" (p. 1), "Schmoe, Rev. Andrews to Leave this Week for Hiroshima City" (p. 1).
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