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            "title": "Envelope and three letters to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama from Koyama family",
            "description": "White envelope addressed to Mr. Kei Koyama in Missoula, Montana, from the Koyama family in Portland. The envelope is postmarked December 31, 1941. A purple \"CENSORED\" stamp is on the front of the envelope. Inside the envelope are three letters from Kei's daughter, Miriam Kiyo Koyama; his son, William Koyama; and his wife, Teru Koyama. Miriam writes in a thank you card to her father, tells him that she reads the Bible and prays each night, and wishes to hear from him soon. Has two postscripts: the first is that she is brave, and the second is that \"she is sometimes naughty, but not sick.\" William writes to his father about Christmas dinner, his impending graduation, and his grades. He asks about the weather and describes the weather in Portland. Teru writes about missing him, about the family's attempts to see over the last few days when he may have been in Portland, and how she learned recently that he was no longer in Portland. She writes that she is mailing him some extra clothing since it's cold in Montana and the clothing will be his Christmas present from his son. She asks that he let her know when he receives them and asks if he needs anything else. She also writes to him about financial matters for the family and how they were handled. She asks about lending his office space to another doctor to use. She mentions that she is not in need of any money and that she will spend tomorrow finding out about filing cards for the business and doing some collections. She tells him about the people who are helping the family and that this may be God's plan for him to have a vacation.",
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                    "term": "Fort Missoula",
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            "title": "Letter to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama from his son William Koyama on Father's Day",
            "description": "A letter written to Kei Koyama from his son William Koyama. It is dated June 21, 1942. In the letter William writes to encourage his father to stay positive and look to God as the rest of the family is doing. In the postscript written on the side of the letter, William wishes that they be together next Father's Day.",
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                    "id": "78"
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            "title": "Envelope and Birthday Card to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama",
            "description": "Envelope addressed to Dr. Kei Koyama at Camp Livingston.  Return sender name is not visible, but the Block number is the same as the Koyama Family; addressed as Minidoka WRA Center. Postmarked October 1, 1942. In red pencil “Oct 6 1942” is written below the postmark. On the left side of the envelope is a purple \"Censored\" stamp. Both the right and left edges of the envelope are torn.  A folded, undated, manufactured birthday card featuring two puppies playing an upright blue piano, signed on the inside by Willy, Miriam Kiyo, and Eva (Kei Koyama's children).",
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            "title": "Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama from Miriam Kiyo Koyama and William Koyama",
            "description": "Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his children, William Koyama and Miriam Kiyo Koyama, at Minidoka.  Postmarked Sep 11, 1942. To the left of the postmark “Sept 14, 42” is written in red pencil. On the left side of the envelope is a purple \"Censored\" stamp. Inside the envelope are two letters, one from Miriam and one from William, both dated Sept 9, 1942. Miriam writes to Kei about arriving in Idaho, how dusty and sandy it is, and how the food is better. She also tells her father about getting lost in Minidoka. In a postscript she writes a short poem. William writes in his letter about the rough train ride from Portland to Idaho and the bus ride to Minidoka. He describes the camp's size and weather.",
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                    "id": "66"
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            "title": "Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama from William Koyama",
            "description": "Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his son William Koyama at Minidoka. Postmarked Oct 7, 1942. In red pencil “Oct. 10, 1942” is written below the postmark. On the front of the envelope is a purple stamp that reads “Censored/Camp Livingston/Interment Camp.” Inside is a letter, dated October 5, 1942.  William writes about a mysterious stomach sickness sweeping Minidoka and Shin Sato's service in the army. The letter is folded like a card.",
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps",
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                    "id": "432"
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            "title": "Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama from William Koyama",
            "description": "Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Santa Fe Detention Center from his son, William Koyama, at Minidoka. Envelope is postmarked August 3, 1943. In red pencil \"8/10-43\" is written above the receiver's information. The letter from William Koyama is yellowed and water-damaged. At the bottom of the letter is an \"EXAMINED\" stamp with unknown initals. In the letter William writes about his recent camping trip with the Boy Scouts. Asks about how things are in Santa Fe, describes the weather at Minidoka and the impending return to school and possible work vacation to pull sugar beets to earn money. Asks for Kei to write soon.",
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                    "id": "396"
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                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Issei",
                    "id": "43"
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                {
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                    "id": "44"
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                    "term": "Industry and employment -- Dentistry",
                    "id": "355"
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                    "id": "50"
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                    "id": "65"
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                    "id": "432"
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                {
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                    "id": "78"
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                {
                    "term": "Community activities -- Associations and organizations -- Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts of America",
                    "id": "23"
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Religion",
                    "id": "75"
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Leaving camp -- Work leave",
                    "id": "103"
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Education",
                    "id": "73"
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            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "correspondence",
            "location": "Minidoka, Idaho",
            "facility": [
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                    "term": "Santa Fe",
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                    "id": "8"
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            "creation": "08/03/1943",
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            "title": "U.S. Department of Justice Alien Enemy Questionnaire page 18 of 26 and contains the left side of the questionnaire only.",
            "description": "Photocopy of a declassified questionnaire used to determine if the person named is to be considered an enemy alien. This page covers questions 75 - 76 of 111 and contains only the left side of the questionnaire. These two questions concern current marriage status, children, and parents. Dr. Koyama lists Teru Koyama as his wife and that they were married in October of 1926. He currently has three children: William K. Koyama (14 years old), Eva F. Koyama (12 years old), and Miriam K. Koyama (8 years old). All currently reside at 4039 S.E. Grant Street.",
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            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon; Portland, Oregon",
            "geography": [
                {
                    "term": "Seattle",
                    "id": "293"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Portland",
                    "id": "289"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Japan",
                    "id": "108"
                }
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            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "blank_form",
            "creation": "January 24, 1942",
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            "title": "Group shot of William Koyama's football team",
            "description": "Black and white photographic print of a football team in uniforms seated outside on bleachers in four rows. Seated in the front row, fourth from the right (number 39) is William Koyama.",
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            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon",
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            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "photograph",
            "location": "unknown",
            "creation": "unknown",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "unknown author",
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        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-one-5-84",
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            "title": "Portrait of William Koyama",
            "description": "Black and white photographic print of William Koyama wearing a school uniform. Stamped on the front in red ink “Unfinished Proofs/Property of/Winn Studio/Must Be Returned.\" Inscribed on the back “FF27253.”",
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            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Nisei",
                    "id": "44"
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            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon",
            "rights": "cc",
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            "location": "unknown",
            "creation": "unknown",
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        {
            "id": "ddr-one-5-12",
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                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-one-5/ddr-one-5-12-mezzanine-b0f40197ca-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama from Teru Koyama",
            "description": "One cent postcard addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Fort Sill from his wife, Teru Koyama, at the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked May 14, 1942. Message on the back dated May 13, 1942. Teru writes to Kei about her and the children getting their first typhoid shots, her new work duties, and the family's enjoyment of sunshine. She writes that William prays for him every day.",
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            ],
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                    "term": "Religion and churches -- Christianity",
                    "id": "396"
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                {
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                    "id": "43"
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                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Nisei",
                    "id": "44"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Temporary Assembly Centers",
                    "id": "61"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Pearl Harbor and aftermath -- Arrest, searches, and seizures",
                    "id": "50"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- U.S. Army internment camps",
                    "id": "432"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Impact of incarceration",
                    "id": "78"
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Religion",
                    "id": "75"
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Medical care and health issues",
                    "id": "70"
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            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon",
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            "facility": [
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                    "term": "Fort Sill",
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            ],
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            "title": "Case file for Keizaburo Koyama from the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Page 4 of 6.",
            "description": "Photocopy of a declassified report on Keizaburo Koyama. The page starts with a review of the 1928 census which states that Koyama entered the United States in December of 1918 and that he has a wife, a son named Katsumi, and two daughters named Eva and Kes. Myron Johnston, a neighbor of Koyama, tracked Koyama's family schedule and noted that Koyama often came home around 11 or 12 o'clock and that his wife and kids attended the local Methodist Church. Johnston stated that Koyama considered the Japanese-Chinese war as undiplomatic on Japan's part and that it was instigated by a small military group and was not desired by most Japanese. Johnston went on to say that Koyama sends his son to the Japanese language school. Johnston said he and Koyama have golfed together on several occasions and that he has never heard of Koyama disparaging the United States, but should Koyama start asking suspicious questions, Johnston would inform the police immediately. The report notes that on December 10, 1941 at 4:00, Koyama was picked up by Lieutenant William Browne and Officer Lawrence P. O'Halloran. They did a complete search of Koyama's office and cataloged the evidence they collected. Koyama provided written permission for the search. He was then delivered to Immigrant Inspector Louis C. Hafferman at the U.S. Court House, Portland, Oregon at 4:30 PM. He was interrogated by Inspector Clarence J. Wise.",
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                    "term": "World War II -- Pearl Harbor and aftermath -- Arrest, searches, and seizures",
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                    "namepart": "Quinn, Vincent M."
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                {
                    "namepart": "Browne, William"
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                {
                    "namepart": "O'Halloran, Lawrence P."
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                {
                    "namepart": "Hafferman, Louis C."
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                {
                    "namepart": "Wise, Clarence J."
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                {
                    "namepart": "Koyama"
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            "title": "Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama from Teru Koyama",
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                    "id": "43"
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                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Nisei",
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Pearl Harbor and aftermath -- Arrest, searches, and seizures",
                    "id": "50"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps",
                    "id": "65"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- U.S. Army internment camps",
                    "id": "432"
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Food",
                    "id": "68"
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Impact of incarceration",
                    "id": "78"
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Religion",
                    "id": "75"
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Leaving camp",
                    "id": "101"
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            ],
            "format": "doc",
            "language": [
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            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon",
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            "location": "Minidoka, Idaho",
            "facility": [
                {
                    "term": "Santa Fe",
                    "id": "27"
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                {
                    "term": "Minidoka",
                    "id": "8"
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        {
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            "model": "entity",
            "index": "13 13/{'value': 27, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-one-5/ddr-one-5-156-mezzanine-255fc155b6-a.jpg"
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            "title": "Department of Justice Alien Enemy Hearing Board Report and Recommendation page 4 of 4",
            "description": "Photocopy of a declassified report detailing the reasoning behind the recommendation that Dr. Keizaburo Koyama be interned as an alien enemy. This page concludes the decision to intern Dr. Koyama as an enemy alien since his involvement with organizations like Sokoku Kai and the Japanese Chamber of Commerce may lead to him show disloyalty to the United States. The letter was signed by Carl C. Donaugh, United States Attorney, William G. Everson, Chairman, Alfred E. Clark, and Leslie M. Scott, Member of the Board.",
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            "links_children": "ddr-one-5-156",
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                    "namepart": "Everson, William G."
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                    "namepart": "Donaugh, Carl C."
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            ],
            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Pearl Harbor and aftermath -- Decision to incarcerate",
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                    "namepart": "Koyama, Keizaburo"
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                    "namepart": "Everson, William G."
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                    "namepart": "Clark, Alfred E."
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                    "namepart": "Scott, Leslie M."
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                {
                    "namepart": "Donaugh, Carl C."
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            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon; Portland, Oregon",
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            "location": "Portland, Oregon",
            "facility": [
                {
                    "term": "Fort Missoula",
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        {
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            "title": "Letter written on behalf of Keizaburo Koyama by Mr. and Mrs. A.C. Goodenough. Page 4 of 4.",
            "description": "Photocopy of a declassified petition to Attorney General of the United States Francis Biddle on behalf of Dr. Koyama included in a letter to Dr. William G. Everson. The letter was undersigned by American citizens and friends of Dr. Koyama and attesting to their belief that he is a loyal individual and would bring no harm to the United States. They state that this letter is not a petition, but rather, \"a statement of facts\" to aid in the FBI investigation and to hasten his return to his wife and children. Please see 2016.23.04 for the typed statement of this letter.",
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                    "namepart": "Goodenough, Mrs. A.C."
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                    "namepart": "Koyama, Dr. Kei"
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            ],
            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon; Portland, Oregon",
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            "creation": "January 21, 1942",
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        {
            "id": "ddr-one-5-112",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "15 15/{'value': 27, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-one-5/ddr-one-5-112-mezzanine-15d8b55736-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Letter written on behalf of Keizaburo Koyama by Mr. and Mrs. A.C. Goodenough. Page 1 of 4.",
            "description": "Photocopy of a declassified letter written to Dr. William G. Everson, President of Linnfield College in McMinneville, Oregon and Chairman of the Alien Enemy Hearing Board by Mr. and Mrs. A.C. Goodenough. This is the first page of a four page letter. They are writing in response to a letter by Mrs. Alice Nichols of Seattle, Washington about Dr. Koyama. They state that they have known the Koyamas for 14 years, first meeting them when they were newly married and with a small child. The Goodenoughs mention that Dr. Koyama was still in dental school and that his wife, though Japanese, was very Americanized. Mrs. Nichols was acquaintances with the Koyamas and introduced them to the Goodenoughs shortly after the Koyamas left Seattle for Portland. Soon after arriving, Mrs. Koyama became ill and the Goodenoughs stepped in to help the family.",
            "extent": "1 photocopy: 8.50 W x 14 H",
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                    "namepart": "Koyama, Dr. Kei"
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                {
                    "namepart": "Everson, Dr. William G."
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            ],
            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon; Portland, Oregon",
            "geography": [
                {
                    "term": "Portland",
                    "id": "289"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Seattle",
                    "id": "293"
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            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "correspondence",
            "location": "Portland, Oregon",
            "creation": "January 21, 1942",
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        {
            "id": "ddr-one-5-5",
            "model": "entity",
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            "links": {
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                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-one-5/ddr-one-5-5-mezzanine-6e04ac16ab-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama from Marie",
            "description": "One cent postcard addressed to Dr. K. Koyama at Fort Missoula with no return sender. Postmarked Jan. 28, 1942. Purple \"Examined\" stamp in the upper left corner signed in red pencil. On the back, purple \"Examined\" stamp over center of text; postage cancellation in lower left corner. The message talks about his daugher Kiyo and wife Teru recovering from a cold and the chidren, Eva and William, starting school. Signed Marie.",
            "extent": "6.5W x 3.125H",
            "links_children": "ddr-one-5-5",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "Maxie"
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            ],
            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "Education -- Primary education",
                    "id": "333"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Religion and churches -- Christianity",
                    "id": "396"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Pearl Harbor and aftermath -- Arrest, searches, and seizures",
                    "id": "50"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- U.S. Army internment camps",
                    "id": "432"
                }
            ],
            "format": "doc",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "correspondence",
            "location": "Portland, Oregon",
            "facility": [
                {
                    "term": "Fort Missoula",
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            ],
            "creation": "01/28/1942",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Maxie author",
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        {
            "id": "ddr-one-5-40",
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            "index": "17 17/{'value': 27, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-one-5/ddr-one-5-40-mezzanine-6b46e0066e-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama from Teru Koyama",
            "description": "Slightly yellowed envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked October 19, 1942. Along the top 10-23-1942 is written in red pencil. On the left side of the envelope is a purple \"Censored\" stamp. Inside the envelope is a letter dated October 17, 1942. Teru writes about not wanting to return to Japan, their children (Miriam Kiyo, Eva, and William), her feelings about the status of Jews in Europe, her gratitude for Kei's continued writing and desire to hear more from him, her recovery from an illness, hope to see each other soon, and the recent weather in Minidoka.",
            "extent": "1 envelope:, 6.5W x 3.625H; 1 letter: 8H x 5W",
            "links_children": "ddr-one-5-40",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "Koyama, Teru"
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            ],
            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "Religion and churches -- Christianity",
                    "id": "396"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Issei",
                    "id": "43"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Nisei",
                    "id": "44"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Industry and employment -- Dentistry",
                    "id": "355"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Pearl Harbor and aftermath -- Arrest, searches, and seizures",
                    "id": "50"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps",
                    "id": "65"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- U.S. Army internment camps",
                    "id": "432"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Food",
                    "id": "68"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Impact of incarceration",
                    "id": "78"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Community activities -- Associations and organizations -- Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts of America",
                    "id": "23"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Religion",
                    "id": "75"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Administration -- Registration and the \"loyalty questionnaire\"",
                    "id": "85"
                }
            ],
            "format": "doc",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "correspondence",
            "location": "Minidoka, Idaho",
            "facility": [
                {
                    "term": "Camp Livingston",
                    "id": "55"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Minidoka",
                    "id": "8"
                }
            ],
            "creation": "10/17/1942",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Koyama, Teru author",
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        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-one-5-19",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "18 18/{'value': 27, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-one-5/ddr-one-5-19-mezzanine-97d096301c-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama from Teru Koyama and Eva Koyama",
            "description": "Yellowed envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, in the Portland Assembly Center. The envelope is postmarked Jul 13, 1942. In red pencil “7/16-42” is written just below the postmark. On the left side of the envelope is a purple \"CENSORED\" stamp with unknown initials below the stamp in blue ink. Inside are two letters to Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama, one from his daughter, Eva Koyama, and his wife, Teru Koyama, both dated July 10, 1942. Eva writes to tell her father that her sister Miriam Kiyo's birthday is coming up and they are surprising her with a gift. She asks in a postscript for him to write soon. The letter from Teru is oversized and is not currently available online. She writes in her letter about missing him, church hymns, and wishing Miriam Kiyo could practice the piano more. She tells him that William received his card and that Eva wished she got more. Advises Kei to write Eva a letter telling her he loves her too. Apologizes for the wrong kind of shirts and will try and get different ones sent. Teru expressing longing for turkey like Kei had, and tells him about the food they had at the holidays. Is happy to hear that he has been able to attend some masses and hopes he can go to more. Advises that she has tried to send the “Minidoka Evacuzette” to him.",
            "extent": "1 envelope: 6.25W x 4.125H; 1 letter: 8.25W x 12.25H; 1 letter:  8.5W x 10.875H",
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            "creators": [
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            ],
            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "Arts and literature -- Performing arts -- Music",
                    "id": "183"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Issei",
                    "id": "43"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Nisei",
                    "id": "44"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Industry and employment -- Dentistry",
                    "id": "355"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Industry and employment -- Retail",
                    "id": "368"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Religion and churches -- Christianity",
                    "id": "396"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps",
                    "id": "65"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Impact of incarceration",
                    "id": "78"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Religion",
                    "id": "75"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Pearl Harbor and aftermath -- Arrest, searches, and seizures",
                    "id": "50"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- U.S. Army internment camps",
                    "id": "432"
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            ],
            "format": "doc",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "correspondence",
            "location": "Portland Assembely Center, Portland, Oregon",
            "facility": [
                {
                    "term": "Portland",
                    "id": "12"
                },
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                    "term": "Camp Livingston",
                    "id": "55"
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            ],
            "creation": "07/10/1942",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Koyama, Teru author \nKoyama, Eva author",
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        {
            "id": "ddr-one-5-30",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "19 19/{'value': 27, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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            "title": "Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama from Teru Koyama and Miriam Kiyo Koyama",
            "description": "Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, and daughter, Miriam Kiyo Koyama. Postmarked Sep 16, 1942. In red pencil “9/20-42” is written to the left of the postmark. In the lower left corner is a purple \"Censored\" stamp from Camp Livingston. Inside the envelope are two letters, one from Miriam Kiyo Koyama dated September 12, 1942, and one from Teru Koyama dated Sept 14, 1942.  Kiyo writes about how her sister, Eva, was upset at having been called fat in his last letter, and that Eva's lost weight since coming to Minidoka, in part because the walk to the canteen is far. She also writes that she's seen a dead snake outside the barracks, and that her mom now works in the camp kitchens. On the back side of the letter is part of the poem “For I'm Grown Up” by Sydell Merl. Teru writes to Kei about the hardship of raising children in camp since there is little family structure and her worries about their education. She writes of meeting the Kakekashis again in camp and that William is befriending Hiro Kakekashi. She wishes Kei could be here, but is certain he would not like Minidoka, and that there are too many dentists anyway, and that they even sent some Portlanders to Wyoming because they had a full medical team at Minidoka.",
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            "links_children": "ddr-one-5-30",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "Koyama, Teru"
                },
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "Miriam Kiyo Koyama"
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            ],
            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "Religion and churches -- Christianity",
                    "id": "396"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Issei",
                    "id": "43"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Nisei",
                    "id": "44"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Industry and employment -- Dentistry",
                    "id": "355"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Pearl Harbor and aftermath -- Arrest, searches, and seizures",
                    "id": "50"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps",
                    "id": "65"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- U.S. Army internment camps",
                    "id": "432"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Food",
                    "id": "68"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Impact of incarceration",
                    "id": "78"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Community activities -- Associations and organizations -- Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts of America",
                    "id": "23"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Religion",
                    "id": "75"
                }
            ],
            "format": "doc",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "correspondence",
            "location": "Minidoka, Idaho",
            "facility": [
                {
                    "term": "Camp Livingston",
                    "id": "55"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Minidoka",
                    "id": "8"
                }
            ],
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        {
            "id": "ddr-one-5-147",
            "model": "entity",
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            "title": "U.S. Department of Justice Alien Enemy Questionnaire page 25 of 26.",
            "description": "Photocopy of a declassified questionnaire used to determine if the person named is to be considered an enemy alien. This page covers questions 103a - 108 of 111. These questions seek additional information on all the organizations that Koyama is affiliated with. They ask for how long he has been involved in the organizations, if the collect dues, how the money is used, and if the money is used abroad. One question asks if he reads any foreign language newspapers and he lists the Oregon News out of Portland and the North American Times out of Seattle, Washington. For the last question on his family's involvement in other organizations, he lists the Japanese M.E. Church for his wife and the Young Men's Christian Association and the Boy Scouts of America for his son, William Koyama.",
            "extent": "1 photocopy: 8.50 W x 14 H; NDD978084",
            "links_children": "ddr-one-5-147",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "Koyama, Keizaburo"
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            ],
            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Administration",
                    "id": "401"
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            ],
            "format": "doc",
            "language": [
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            ],
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                {
                    "namepart": "Koyama, Keizaburo"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "U.S. Department of Justice"
                }
            ],
            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon; Portland, Oregon",
            "geography": [
                {
                    "term": "Seattle",
                    "id": "293"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Portland",
                    "id": "289"
                }
            ],
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "blank_form",
            "creation": "January 24, 1942",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Koyama, Keizaburo author Koyama, Keizaburo \nU.S. Department of Justice",
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        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-one-5-25",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "21 21/{'value': 27, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-one-5/ddr-one-5-25-mezzanine-ebdf43b8bf-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama from Andrew \"Uncle Chape\" Goodenough and Eva \"Aunt Eva\" Goodenough",
            "description": "Envelope addressed to Dr. Kei Koyama in Camp Livingston from Andrew \"Uncle Chape\" Goodenough and Eva \"Aunt Eva\" Goodenough in Portland. Postmarked Aug 31, 1942. On the left side of the envelope is a purple \"Censored\" stamp. Inside the envelope was a newspaper clipping about Boy Scout Troop at the Portland Assembly Center. William Koyama's name is listed twice and underlined. A letter, dated Aug 30, 1942, that accompanies the newspaper clipping talks about their recent visit to the Portland Assembly Center to visit with the Koyama family. Advises that Chape is still unwell, but may get better with some warm weather. Encourages that the children will be fine since they've been raised well, and that they pray for the family and expect to hear often from Kei's wife, Teru.",
            "extent": "1 envelope: 6.25W x 3.75H; 1 letter: 5W x 7.875H, 1 newspaper clipping 2W x 4.75H",
            "links_children": "ddr-one-5-25",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "Goodenough, Andrew \"Uncle Chape\""
                },
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "Goodenough, Eva \"Aunt Eva\""
                }
            ],
            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "Religion and churches -- Christianity",
                    "id": "396"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Issei",
                    "id": "43"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Nisei",
                    "id": "44"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Temporary Assembly Centers",
                    "id": "61"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Pearl Harbor and aftermath -- Arrest, searches, and seizures",
                    "id": "50"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- U.S. Army internment camps",
                    "id": "432"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Impact of incarceration",
                    "id": "78"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Community activities -- Associations and organizations -- Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts of America",
                    "id": "23"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Religion",
                    "id": "75"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Support from the non-Japanese American community",
                    "id": "80"
                }
            ],
            "format": "doc",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "correspondence",
            "location": "Portland, Oregon",
            "facility": [
                {
                    "term": "Camp Livingston",
                    "id": "55"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Portland",
                    "id": "12"
                }
            ],
            "creation": "08/30/1942",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Goodenough, Andrew \"Uncle Chape\" author \nGoodenough, Eva \"Aunt Eva\" author",
            "download_large": "ddr-one-5-25-mezzanine-ebdf43b8bf-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-one-5-2",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "22 22/{'value': 27, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-one-5-2/",
                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-one-5-2/",
                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-one-5/ddr-one-5-2-mezzanine-64f84f64fa-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-one-5/ddr-one-5-2-mezzanine-64f84f64fa-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Envelope and letter from Teru Koyama to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama",
            "description": "Envelope addressed to Dr. Kei Koyama at Missoula from his wife, Teru Koyama, in Portland. Postmarked January 6, 1942. In the lower left corner \"25\" is written in red pencil, and a purple \"Censored\" stamp is next to the address. Inside the envelope is a letter dated January 6, 1942. There is a purple \"CENSORED\" stamp in the middle of the first paragraph. Teru talks about the cold weather in Portland and how their house is cold, too, and that she and their daughter, Eva, are both home recovering from a cold while their children, William and Kiyo, have both gone to school. She prays that Kei will not get sick and hopes they will see each other again; expresses confidence in the American justice system; and writes that if Kei tells them everything about how he leased his new office, he will be released.",
            "extent": "1 envelope: 6.5W x 3.75H; 1 letter 8W x 9.875H",
            "links_children": "ddr-one-5-2",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "koyama, Teru"
                }
            ],
            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "Industry and employment -- Dentistry",
                    "id": "355"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Religion and churches -- Christianity",
                    "id": "396"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Impact of incarceration",
                    "id": "78"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Pearl Harbor and aftermath -- Arrest, searches, and seizures",
                    "id": "50"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- U.S. Army internment camps",
                    "id": "432"
                }
            ],
            "format": "doc",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "correspondence",
            "location": "Portland, Oregon",
            "facility": [
                {
                    "term": "Fort Missoula",
                    "id": "30"
                }
            ],
            "creation": "01/06/1942",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "koyama, Teru author",
            "download_large": "ddr-one-5-2-mezzanine-64f84f64fa-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-one-5-47",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "23 23/{'value': 27, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-one-5-47/",
                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-one-5-47/",
                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-one-5/ddr-one-5-47-mezzanine-6febaa86ee-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-one-5/ddr-one-5-47-mezzanine-6febaa86ee-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama from Teru Koyama",
            "description": "Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, in Minidoka. Postmarked Mar 8, 1943. In red pencil “Mar 19,1943” is written next to the postmark. In the upper right corner “Internee of War/Free Mail” is written in black ink. Along the left edge of the envelope is clear tape that has browned with the number \"483.\" On the back of the envelope the tape continues with the words “Examined by.” A purple \"Received\" stamp is also on the back dated Mar 19, 1943. Inside the envelope is a letter from Teru to her husband, Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama dated March 8, 1943. She apologizes for not writing the last 10 days as she had been busy writing their friends in Portland about Kei's retrial. She talks about people leaving the camp for work out east and wishes they could do the same. She talks about the many men who volunteered for the Army from Minidoka and speculates their son William would have joined if he had been old enough.",
            "extent": "1 envelope: 6W x 3.5H; and 1 letter: 7.875W x 10.5H",
            "links_children": "ddr-one-5-47",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "Koyama, Teru"
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            ],
            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Issei",
                    "id": "43"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Nisei",
                    "id": "44"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Industry and employment -- Dentistry",
                    "id": "355"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Pearl Harbor and aftermath -- Arrest, searches, and seizures",
                    "id": "50"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps",
                    "id": "65"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- U.S. Army internment camps",
                    "id": "432"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Leaving camp",
                    "id": "101"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Religion and churches -- Christianity",
                    "id": "396"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Military service",
                    "id": "88"
                }
            ],
            "format": "doc",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "correspondence",
            "location": "Minidoka, Idaho",
            "facility": [
                {
                    "term": "Camp Livingston",
                    "id": "55"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Minidoka",
                    "id": "8"
                }
            ],
            "creation": "03/08/1943",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Koyama, Teru author",
            "download_large": "ddr-one-5-47-mezzanine-6febaa86ee-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-one-5-20",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "24 24/{'value': 27, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-one-5/ddr-one-5-20-mezzanine-7d54d4de81-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo \"Kei\" Koyama from Teru Koyama",
            "description": "White air mail envelope with a red, white and blue border. The envelope is addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama. The envelope is postmarked Jul 21, 1942, and in red pencil below the postmark is the date 7/25/42. On the left side of the envelope is a purple \"Censored\" stamp. Inside is a letter from Kei's wife, Teru dated July, 20 1942. Some phrases are underlined in red. Teru writes to him about the children (Miriam Kiyo, William, and Eva) and scolds him for not telling her more about the kind of shirts he can and cannot wear at Camp Livingston. She mentions writing this letter outside with other Japanese wives while watching the children play. She writes about liking the warm weather and alludes to the nice people who offer to help her, and the people who refuse to pay their dental bills.",
            "extent": "1 envelope: 6.25W x 3.5H; 1 letter: 10.5H x 7.875W",
            "links_children": "ddr-one-5-20",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "Koyama, Teru"
                }
            ],
            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "Religion and churches -- Christianity",
                    "id": "396"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Issei",
                    "id": "43"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Nisei",
                    "id": "44"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Pearl Harbor and aftermath -- Arrest, searches, and seizures",
                    "id": "50"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Industry and employment -- Dentistry",
                    "id": "355"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- U.S. Army internment camps",
                    "id": "432"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Food",
                    "id": "68"
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