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            "title": "Emi Somekawa Interview",
            "description": "Nisei female. Born May 10, 1918, in Portland, Oregon. Grew up in the small town of Brooks, Oregon, where parents ran a farm. Prior to World War II, became a nurse, married, and had a child. During World War II, removed to the Portland Assembly Center, Oregon, and the Tule Lake concentration camp, California, and worked in the camp's hospital. Transferred for one year to the Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. After the war, eventually returned to Portland and resumed nursing career.<p>(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)",
            "extent": "02:19:51",
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                    "id": 620,
                    "namepart": "Emi Somekawa"
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                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Tom Ikeda"
                },
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                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Dana Hoshide"
                }
            ],
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            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Seattle, Washington",
            "status": "completed",
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            "index": "1 176/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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            "title": "Fumiko M. Noji Interview",
            "description": "Nisei female. Born 1909 in Bellingham, Washington. Lost her United States citizenship when she married an Issei through an arranged marriage. Before 1920, her husband's family established Columbia Greenhouse, one of the first Japanese American-owned greenhouse businesses. Incarcerated at Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, and Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Husband was held by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) in Seattle before being interned in the Department of Justice camp at Fort Missoula, Montana. Briefly resettled with husband in Emmett, Idaho and Spokane, Washington before becoming one of the first families to return to Seattle where they resumed operation of the family greenhouse business.",
            "extent": "01:39:17",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-72",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 75,
                    "namepart": "Fumiko M. Noji"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Dee Goto"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Matt Emery"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Bellevue, Washington",
            "status": "completed",
            "download_large": "denshovh-nfumiko-01-a.jpg"
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        {
            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-397",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "2 177/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-397/",
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            "title": "Larry R. Pacheco Interview",
            "description": "White male. Born November 4, 1922, in San Jose, California. Drafted into the military after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. During World War II, served as a military police guard at the Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Shipped overseas, and was captured in France as a prisoner of war and held in Germany. After completing military service, returned to San Jose.<p>(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)",
            "extent": "01:09:30",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-397",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 646,
                    "namepart": "Larry R. Pacheco"
                },
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                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Tom Ikeda"
                },
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                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Dana Hoshide"
                }
            ],
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            "language": [
                "eng"
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            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "San Jose, California",
            "status": "completed",
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            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-287",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "3 178/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-287/",
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            "title": "Masamizu Kitajima Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born August 1, 1933, in Ookala, Hawaii. At a young age, sent to Japan to live with grandfather and begin ministry training, but returned to the U.S. just before the onset of World War II. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, father, a prominent Buddhist minister, was picked up and arrested by the FBI. Mother couldn't support the children alone, so the family entered the Jerome concentration camp, Arkansas, where they were reunited with father. Father signed \"no-no\" on the so-called \"loyalty questionnaire,\" and moved the family to the Tule Lake concentration camp, California, in anticipation of repatriating to Japan. Parents changed their minds and did not go to Japan, so the family returned to Hawaii after leaving Tule Lake. After the war, Masamizu established a successful career in airplane mechanics.<p>(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)",
            "extent": "02:41:25",
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                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 490,
                    "namepart": "Masamizu Kitajima"
                },
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                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Tom Ikeda"
                },
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                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Dana Hoshide"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Honolulu, Hawaii",
            "status": "completed",
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            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-410",
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            "title": "Warren Koichi Suzuki Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born February 27, 1921, in Seattle, Washington. At age ten, was sent to Japan to live and attend school. Returned to Seattle prior to World War II. During the war, was removed to the Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, and the Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. Answered \"no-no\" on the so-called \"loyalty questionnaire\" and was transferred to Tule Lake concentration camp, California. After leaving camp, returned to Seattle and lived with then wife and child in a hostel located in Seattle's Japanese language school. Established a postwar career with the City of Seattle.<p>(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)",
            "extent": "01:44:28",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-410",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 664,
                    "namepart": "Warren Koichi Suzuki"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Tom Ikeda"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Dana Hoshide"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Seattle, Washington",
            "status": "completed",
            "download_large": "denshovh-swarren-01-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-259",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "5 180/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-259/",
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                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-mshig_2-01-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-mshig_2-01-a.jpg"
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            "title": "Shig Miyaki Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born November 18, 1923, on Terminal Island, California. Grew up on Terminal Island, where father was part of the large Japanese American fishing community. Following the bombing of Pearl Harbor, removed to the Manzanar concentration camp, California. While at Manzanar, joined the irrigation crew and took expeditons out in the hills surrounding camp to hike and fish. Signed \"no-no\" on the so-called \"loyalty questionnaire\" and was transferred to the Tule Lake Segregation Center<p>(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)",
            "extent": "01:42:12",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-259",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 413,
                    "namepart": "Shig Miyaki"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Tom Ikeda"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Barbara Takei"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Dana Hoshide"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Torrance, California",
            "status": "completed",
            "download_large": "denshovh-mshig_2-01-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-47",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "6 181/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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            "title": "Tom Matsuoka Interview",
            "description": "Kibei male. Born August 1903 in Sprecklesville, Maui, Hawaii. Taken to Japan in 1905 and raised by grandparents. Returned to the United States in 1919, joining father at Barneston sawmill in Washington. Married and farmed in Bellevue, Washington. Founded Bellevue Seinenkai and managed the Bellevue Vegetable Growers Association prior to World War II. Was picked up by the FBI on December 8, 1941, detained by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) in Seattle, then interned at the Department of Justice camp at Fort Missoula, Montana. Was transferred to the Pinedale Assembly Center, California, and then to Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Was released to harvest sugar beets in Chinook, Montana, with his family as work crew. Established a farm in Chinook.",
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            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-47",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 56,
                    "namepart": "Tom Matsuoka"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Alice Ito"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Matt Emery"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Ridgefield, Washington",
            "status": "completed",
            "download_large": "denshovh-mtom-01-a.jpg"
        },
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            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-50",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "7 182/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-50/",
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                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-mfrank-01-a.jpg"
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            "title": "Frank Miyamoto Interview I",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born July 29, 1912, in Seattle, Washington. Wrote 'Social Solidarity Among the Japanese in Seattle' as a Master's thesis, published in 1939 as one of the first academic works on the Japanese immigrant community. Incarcerated in Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Member of the Evacuation and Resettlement Study which studied the incarceration and resettlement of Japanese Americans during World War II. Resettled in Seattle. Was a longtime member of the faculty in Sociology at the University of Washington, served as Chairman of his department, and was Acting Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences.",
            "extent": "02:01:23",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-50",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 58,
                    "namepart": "Frank Miyamoto"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Stephen Fugita"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Matt Emery"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Bellevue, Washington",
            "status": "completed",
            "download_large": "denshovh-mfrank-01-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-52",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "8 183/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-52/",
                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-1000-52/",
                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-mfrank-03-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-mfrank-03-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Frank Miyamoto Interview III",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born July 29, 1912, in Seattle, Washington. Wrote 'Social Solidarity Among the Japanese in Seattle' as a Master's thesis, published in 1939 as one of the first academic works on the Japanese immigrant community. Incarcerated in Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Member of the Evacuation and Resettlement Study which studied the incarceration and resettlement of Japanese Americans during World War II. Resettled in Seattle. Was a longtime member of the faculty in Sociology at the University of Washington, served as Chairman of his department, and was Acting Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences.",
            "extent": "02:59:32",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-52",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 58,
                    "namepart": "Frank Miyamoto"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Stephen Fugita"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Matt Emery"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Seattle, Washington",
            "status": "completed",
            "download_large": "denshovh-mfrank-03-a.jpg"
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        {
            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-51",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "9 184/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-51/",
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                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-mfrank-02-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Frank Miyamoto Interview II",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born July 29, 1912, in Seattle, Washington. Wrote 'Social Solidarity Among the Japanese in Seattle' as a Master's thesis, published in 1939 as one of the first academic works on the Japanese immigrant community. Incarcerated in Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Member of the Evacuation and Resettlement Study which studied the incarceration and resettlement of Japanese Americans during World War II. Resettled in Seattle. Was a longtime member of the faculty in Sociology at the University of Washington, served as Chairman of his department, and was Acting Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences.",
            "extent": "02:21:36",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-51",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 58,
                    "namepart": "Frank Miyamoto"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Stephen Fugita"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Matt Emery"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Seattle, Washington",
            "status": "completed",
            "download_large": "denshovh-mfrank-02-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-one-7-24",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "10 185/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-one-7-24/",
                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-one-7-24/",
                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-one-7/denshovh-kgeorge_3-01-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-one-7/denshovh-kgeorge_3-01-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "George Katagiri Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born September 22, 1926, in Portland, Oregon. Grew up in Portland where parents ran a small grocery store. During World War II, removed to the Portland Assembly Center, Oregon, and the Tule Lake concentration camp, California. After leaving camp, was drafted into the Military Intelligence Service and served in Japan during the U.S. occupation. Eventually returned to Portland and became a teacher and school administrator.<p>(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)",
            "extent": "03:01:25",
            "links_children": "ddr-one-7-24",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 692,
                    "namepart": "George Katagiri"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Stephan Gilchrist"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Tim Rooney"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Japanese American Museum of Oregon Collection",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "status": "completed",
            "download_large": "denshovh-kgeorge_3-01-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "508",
            "model": "narrator",
            "index": "11 186/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/narrators/508/",
                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/508/",
                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/sfred_2.jpg",
                "thumb": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/sfred_2.jpg",
                "interviews": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/508/interviews/"
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            "display_name": "Fred Tadashi Shingu",
            "bio": "Nisei male. Born April 14, 1923, in Yuba City, California. Grew up in Elk Grove, California. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, moved with family to Florin, California, and was removed to the Marysville Assembly Center, California, and the Tule Lake concentration camp, California. While in Tule Lake, refused to sign the so-called \"loyalty questionnaire,\" and was confined in Tule Lake's stockade. Participated in a hunger strike, and eventually renounced U.S. citizenship. After release from Tule Lake, regained U.S. citizenship and returned to California."
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-densho-1008-2",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "12 187/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1008-2/",
                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-1008-2/",
                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1008/denshovh-mgeorge-01-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-densho-1008/denshovh-mgeorge-01-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "George S. Matsui Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born March 1, 1915, in Los Angeles, California. Spent prewar childhood in Long Beach, California, but attended grade school and junior high in Japan. Returned to the United States to attend high school. In 1941, was drafted into the U.S. Army and sent to Camp Roberts, San Luis Obispo, California for basic training. Was among the first Japanese American draftees. When World War II broke out, was summarily discharged from the army, reclassified to an enlisted reserve unit, and sent to Santa Anita Assembly Center and then incarcerated at Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Within two months of being incarcerated, was recalled for duty in the Military Intelligence Service. Received Bronze Star for securing the surrender of Japanese military and nonmilitary personnel on the island of Saipan. Served with MacArthur's General Headquarters in Japan.<p>(Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.)",
            "extent": "00:55:53",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1008-2",
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                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 51,
                    "namepart": "George S. Matsui"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Marvin Uratsu"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Matt Emery"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "National Japanese American Historical Society Collection",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Seattle, Washington",
            "status": "completed",
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        },
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            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-377",
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            },
            "title": "Yukio Kawaratani Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born May 30, 1031, in San Juan Capistrano, California. Grew up in various places in California. During World War II, was removed with family to the Poston concentration camp, Arizona. While in Poston, family signed \"no-no\" on the so-called \"loyalty questionnaire\" and was transferred to Tule Lake. Father and two older brothers renounced their U.S. citizenship and were eventually expatriated to Japan. The rest of the family returned to California after leaving camp. Mr. Kawaratani established a successful career as an urban planner with the Los Angeles Community Redevelopment Agency.<p>(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)",
            "extent": "03:45:08",
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                    "namepart": "Martha Nakagawa"
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                    "namepart": "Tani Ikeda"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
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            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Los Angeles, California",
            "status": "completed",
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                "interviews": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/856/interviews/"
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            "display_name": "Sadako Nimura Kashiwagi",
            "bio": "Nisei female. Born in Sacramento, California. Grew up in Newcastle, California, where parents were tenant farmers. During World War II, removed to the Marysville Assembly Center, California, and then to the Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Remained in Tule Lake when it was converted to a segregation center. After leaving camp, returned to California."
        },
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            "index": "15 190/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/yjimi.jpg",
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                "interviews": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/107/interviews/"
            },
            "display_name": "Jimi Yamaichi",
            "bio": "Nisei male. Born October 27, 1922. Grew up in San Jose, California, where his father had a farming operation. Incarcerated in the Pomona Assembly Center, Heart Mountain concentration camp and Tule Lake Segregation Center. Worked on an engineering crew on the Shoshone Dam, and later was a carpentry foreman in Tule Lake. Was in Tule during the riots, and during the imposition of the draft. He chose to resist the draft, and unlike other draft resisters, was exonerated of all charges by a judge in Eureka, California. After the war, conducted walking tours of the Tule Lake grounds during reunions organized by the Tule Lake Pilgrimage Committee."
        },
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            "id": "44",
            "model": "narrator",
            "index": "16 191/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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                "interviews": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/44/interviews/"
            },
            "display_name": "Kenge Kobayashi",
            "bio": "Nisei male. Born July 25, 1926, in the Imperial Valley, California. Incarcerated at the Tulare Assembly Center, California, Gila River concentration camp, Arizona, and Tule Lake concentration camp, California. In his interview, he discusses his memories of Tule Lake concentration camp after it became a segregation center, including the killing of a camp inmate rioting, implementation of martial law, and pressures to participate in pro-Japanese activities."
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-432",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "17 192/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-432/",
                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-1000-432/",
                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-ytokio-01-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-ytokio-01-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Tokio Yamane Interview",
            "description": "Kibei male. Born 1922 in Hawaii. Moved with family to Hiroshima at age three, then returned to the Fresno area of the U.S. for high school. During World War II, was sent to the Fresno Assembly Center, California, and the Jerome concentration camp, Arkansas. While at Jerome, refused to answer the so-called \"loyalty questions\" and was transferred to Tule Lake concentration camp when it became a segregation center. At the end of 1943, was involved in a confrontation with camp administrators and was severely beaten by War Relocation Officials and thrown in Tule Lake's stockade. While in the stockade, participated in a hunger strike, and later helped to organize young people's groups with the goal of going to Japan. Eventually renounced U.S. citizenship and was sent to the Santa Fe Department of Justice camp before expatriation to Japan. Remained in Japan after the war, working for the U.S. occupation army and then in private business.<p>(This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)",
            "extent": "04:42:24",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-432",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 847,
                    "namepart": "Yamane, Tokio"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Sachiko Takita-Ishii"
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                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Yoko Murakawa"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
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            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Japan",
            "status": "completed",
            "download_large": "denshovh-ytokio-01-a.jpg"
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            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-261",
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            "index": "18 193/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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            "title": "Frank Sumida Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born August 10, 1925, in Chicago, Illinois. Grew up primarily in Los Angeles, California, where parents ran a restaurant. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, removed to the Santa Anita assembly Center, California, where he participating in running an organized gambling operation. Moved briefly to Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, before being sent to Tule Lake, California, after signing the so-called \"loyalty questionnaire.\" Transferred to the Santa Fe Department of Justice internment camp, New Mexico. Upon wishes of parents, renounced U.S. citizenship and expatriated to Japan. Worked for the military government during the U.S. occupation of Japan. Eventually regained U.S. citizenship and returned to the United States.<p>(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)",
            "extent": "04:22:36",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-261",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 415,
                    "namepart": "Frank Sumida"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Tom Ikeda"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Barbara Takei"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Dana Hoshide"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Los Angeles, California",
            "status": "completed",
            "download_large": "denshovh-sfrank-01-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-30",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "19 194/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-30/",
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                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-khitoshi-01-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-khitoshi-01-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Hitoshi H. Kajihara Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born March 12, 1928. Incarcerated at Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Served as fundraising chair for the Japanese American Citizens League's Legislative Education Committee from 1984 to 1985 and raised over half a million dollars for the redress effort. Became president of the National JACL in 1986.<p>(This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The interviews therefore focused primarily on a single topic, namely, the narrator's role in the redress movement.)",
            "extent": "00:36:31",
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            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 34,
                    "namepart": "Kajihara, Hitoshi H."
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Tom Ikeda"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Matt Emery"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "University of CA, Los Angeles",
            "status": "completed",
            "download_large": "denshovh-khitoshi-01-a.jpg"
        },
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            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-145",
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            "index": "20 195/{'value': 1194, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-145/",
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                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-mfrank-04-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-mfrank-04-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Frank Miyamoto Interview IV",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born July 29, 1912, in Seattle, Washington. Wrote 'Social Solidarity Among the Japanese in Seattle' as a Master's thesis, published in 1939 as one of the first academic works on the Japanese immigrant community. Incarcerated in Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Member of the Evacuation and Resettlement Study which studied the incarceration and resettlement of Japanese Americans during World War II. Resettled in Seattle. Was a longtime member of the faculty in Sociology at the University of Washington, served as Chairman of his department, and was Acting Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences.<p>(This interview focuses on the narrator's experiences working in the Alaska salmon cannery system in the 1930s.)",
            "extent": "04:47:29",
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                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 58,
                    "namepart": "Frank Miyamoto"
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                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Alice Ito"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Tatsuya Fukunaga"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Dana Hoshide"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
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            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Seattle, Washington",
            "status": "completed",
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                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-densho-151/ddr-densho-151-61-mezzanine-ea18d12816-a.jpg"
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            "title": "Japanese Americans registering for mass removal",
            "description": "Original WRA caption: Residents of Japanese ancestry appear for registration prior to evacuation.  Evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.\r\nUpdated Library of Congress summary: \"Photograph shows Shizuko Ina standing behind others waiting to be assigned a \"family number\" before being removed from their homes and incarcerated in a detention facility at Tanforan Racetrack. She was later moved with her husband, Itaru Ina (1914-1977) to a concentration camp in Topaz, Utah, and then to Tule Lake Segregation Center, near Newell in Northern California. The family was separated in July 1945 when Itaru was transferred to Fort Lincoln, a Department of Justice camp for \"enemy aliens\" in Bismarck, North Dakota, and reunited in April 1946 at Crystal City, Texas. (Source: Satsuki Ina, daughter of Shizuko Ina, February 2020).\"",
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                    "namepart": "Lange, Dorothea"
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Mass removal (\"evacuation\") -- Preparation",
                    "id": "189"
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            "persons": [
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            "genre": "photograph",
            "location": "San Francisco, California",
            "facility": [
                {
                    "term": "Tanforan",
                    "id": "15"
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                    "id": "1"
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                    "term": "Fort Lincoln (Bismarck)",
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            "display_name": "Kenichi Nakano",
            "bio": "Sansei male, born in 1944 at the Tule Lake concentration camp, California. He was the oldest son of Yaeko Nakano."
        },
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            "id": "441",
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            "display_name": "John Tomita",
            "bio": "Nisei male. Born August 20, 1920, in Isleton, California. Grew up in Isleton where father operated a restaurant. Attended college and studied engineering before World War II. During the war, removed to the Sacramento (Walerga) Assembly Center, California, and the Tule Lake concentration camp, California. In camp, worked on the survey crew. Remained in Tule Lake when it became a segregation center. After the war, returned to California and became a civil engineer."
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-116",
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                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-kjohn-01-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-kjohn-01-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "John Kanda Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born July 10, 1925, in Seattle, Washington. Grew up in the Thomas-Auburn area of Washington. Following Executive Order 9066, family was removed to the Pinedale Assembly Center, then to Tule Lake concentration camp in California. Later transferred to Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. Volunteered as a replacement for the 100th/442nd Regimental Combat Team and trained thirteen weeks as light machine gunner replacement at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Served with CO. L, 100th Bn/442nd Combat Team in Southern France and in Northern Italy as a rifleman 1st scout. Graduated from the University of Washington in 1950. Graduated from St. Louis School of Medicine in 1954. Internship and Resident, Pierce County Hospital, Tacoma, WA 1954-1956. Family Practice Medicine in Sumner, WA, 1956-1987. Served as president of the Puyallup Valley JACL for 2 terms. Served as Vice President National JACL from 1968-1970. Draft Board Member of the Eastern Pierce County from 1973-1976. President of Pierce County Medical Society from 1971-1972. Sumner Rotary Club President in 1971.<p>(This interview is part of a collaborative effort of the Puyallup Valley Japanese American Citizens League and Densho.)",
            "extent": "00:55:02",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-116",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "id": 114,
                    "namepart": "John Kanda"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Ronald Magden"
                },
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                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Dana Hoshide"
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            ],
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            "language": [
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            "contributor": "Densho",
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            "genre": "interview",
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