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            "title": "Page of Hisa Nimura Horiuchi Scrapbook",
            "description": "Poems from Hisa's friends. Ms. Whilhite writes that the Nimura family and their neighbors were sent to Arboga, California, most likely they were sent to the Marysville Temporary Assembly Center which was located near Arboga. After spending just over a month in the assembly center Hisa and her family were sent to Tule Lake Concentration Camp.",
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                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Nisei",
                    "id": "44"
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Temporary Assembly Centers",
                    "id": "61"
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Temporary Assembly Centers -- Impacts of incarceration",
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                    "term": "Tule Lake",
                    "id": "10"
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                    "term": "Marysville",
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            "title": "Bill Nishimura Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male, born June 21, 1920, in Compton, California. Raised on a farm in Lawndale, California. Following the bombing of Pearl Harbor, his father was picked up by FBI and detained at a Department of Justice (DOJ) internment camp in Lordsburg, New Mexico. His family voluntarily moved to Visalia, California, then was forcibly moved to Poston concentration camp, Arizona. Sent to Tule Lake concentration camp, California, as a result of answering \"no-no\" on the so-called \"loyalty questions.\" He renounced his U.S. citizenship in protest of the incarceration, and was transferred to the DOJ's Santa Fe internment camp, then to an Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) camp in Crystal City, Texas. After his release from Crystal City, he resettled in California. Mr. Nishimura regained his U.S. citizenship in 1953.<p>(This interview took place at the 2000 Tule Lake Pilgrimage in Klamath Falls, Oregon.)",
            "extent": "01:01:09",
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                    "namepart": "Alice Ito"
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                    "namepart": "Steve Hamada"
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                    "nr_id": "88922/nr0133c3v",
                    "namepart": "Nishimura, Toru Bill"
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            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Klamath Falls, Oregon",
            "creation": "July 2, 2000",
            "status": "completed",
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                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-303/",
                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-1000-303/",
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            "title": "Hikaru Morohoshi Interview",
            "description": "Kibei Nisei male. Born October 4, 1915, in Stockton, California. As a young child, sent to Japan to live with grandparents and attend school. Returned to California at age eighteen, and drafted into the U.S. military. Discharged from the army after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. Removed to the Tanforan Assembly Center, Washington, and the Topaz concentration camp, Utah. Answered \"no-no\" on the so-called \"loyalty questionnaire\" and was transferred to the Tule Lake concentration camp, California. After leaving Tule Lake, lived in Maryland and Florida before eventually returning to California.<p>(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)",
            "extent": "01:17:01",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-303",
            "creators": [
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                    "role": "narrator",
                    "oh_id": 516,
                    "namepart": "Hikaru Morohoshi"
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                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Martha Nakagawa"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Dana Hoshide"
                }
            ],
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            "language": [
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            "persons": [
                {
                    "nr_id": "88922/nr008g37k",
                    "namepart": "Morohoshi, Hikaru Johnny"
                }
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Los Angeles, California",
            "creation": "September 2, 2010",
            "status": "completed",
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            },
            "title": "Ayame Tsutakawa - Mayumi Tsutakawa - Kenzan Tsutakawa-Chinn - Yayoi Tsutakawa-Chinn",
            "description": "This is an intergenerational, group interview of members of the Tsutakawa family. Ayame Tsutakawa is a Kibei female born 1924 in Hollywood, California, then sent to Japan to live with relatives when thirteen months old. She returned to the United States at the age of twelve. During WWII, she was incarcerated in the Sacramento Assembly Center and Tule Lake concentration camp. While in camp she met George Tsutakawa, (world reknowned artist, 1910-1997) whom she married. The Tsutakawas had four children: Gerard, Mayumi, Deems, and Marcus. Ayame's daughter, Mayumi, and Mayumi's two children: Kenzan and Yayoi, also participated in this interview.  Mayumi was born in 1949, Kenzan was born in 1980, and Yayoi was born in 1986. This family interview focuses on the lessons and impacts of the incarceration as seen by different generations within the same family.<p>(The Tsutakawas were interviewed at the former site of the Tule Lake incarceration camp, in the context of a larger Tule Lake reunion, called the \"Tule Lake Pilgrimage, Journey of Remembrance and Discovery,\" organized by the Tule Lake Committee.  This Pilgrimage was attended by people from up and down the West Coast, and included a narrated walking tour of the campsite, panel lectures, intergenerational discussion groups, cultural performances, and an interfaith religious ceremony.)",
            "extent": "00:32:42",
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                    "oh_id": 94,
                    "namepart": "Ayame Tsutakawa"
                },
                {
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                    "oh_id": 95,
                    "namepart": "Mayumi Tsutakawa"
                },
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "oh_id": 96,
                    "namepart": "Kenzan Tsutakawa-Chinn"
                },
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "oh_id": 97,
                    "namepart": "Yayoi Tsutakawa-Chinn"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Tracy Lai"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Steve Hamada"
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            ],
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            "language": [
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            "persons": [
                {
                    "nr_id": "88922/nr015zr73",
                    "namepart": "Iwasa, Ayame"
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            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Klamath Falls, Oregon",
            "creation": "July 3, 1998",
            "status": "completed",
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            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-461",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "4 4/{'value': 18, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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            "title": "Ronald Ikejiri Interview",
            "description": "Sansei male. Born December 3, 1948, in Los Angeles, California. During World War II, parents had been incarcerated at the Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Father signed 'no-no' on the so-called 'loyalty questionnaire', renounced U.S. citizenship, and was sent to the Department of Justice camp at Bismarck, North Dakota. Family did not end up expatriating to Japan, and reunited instead at the Crystal City camp in Texas. After leaving camp, returned to California and started a gardening business in Gardena, California. Ronald attended UCLA and then graduated from the Northrop University School of Law. In the late 1970s, took a position as the Washington representative for the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and worked during the redress movement. Elected to the Gardena City Council in 2001.",
            "extent": "3:04:06",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-461",
            "creators": [
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                    "role": "narrator",
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                    "namepart": "Ronald Ikejiri"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Tom Ikeda"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Dana Hoshide"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
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            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Los Angeles, California",
            "creation": "6-Feb-19",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Ronald Ikejiri narrator \nTom Ikeda interviewer \nDana Hoshide videographer",
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            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-338",
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            "title": "Tetsushi Marvin Uratsu Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born February 7, 1925, in Sacramento, California. At a very young age, sent to Japan for several years. Returned at age six and lived with family in Loomis, California. During World War II, removed to the Arboga Assembly Center, California, and the Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Transferred briefly to the Amache concentration camp, Colorado, before leaving camp with the help of a Quaker group to work as a houseboy in Des Moines, Iowa, while attending high school. Volunteered for the Military Intelligence Service, and served in Japan during the U.S. occupation.<p>(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)",
            "extent": "02:35:09",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-338",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "oh_id": 576,
                    "namepart": "Tetsushi Marvin Uratsu"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Tom Ikeda"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Dana Hoshide"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "persons": [
                {
                    "nr_id": "88922/nr007gk5s",
                    "namepart": "Uratsu, Tetsushi Marvin"
                }
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Emeryville, California",
            "creation": "May 26, 2011",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Tetsushi Marvin Uratsu narrator \nTom Ikeda interviewer \nDana Hoshide videographer Uratsu, Tetsushi Marvin 88922nr007gk5s",
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            "model": "entity",
            "index": "6 6/{'value': 18, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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            "title": "Letter from a Nisei woman to a friend",
            "description": "",
            "extent": "1608W x  2096H (pixels)",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-186-1",
            "format": "doc",
            "language": [
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            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "misc_document",
            "location": "Sent from Tule Lake concentration camp, California",
            "facility": [
                {
                    "term": "Tule Lake",
                    "id": "10"
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            ],
            "creation": "July 30, 1942",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "",
            "download_large": "ddr-densho-186-1-mezzanine-8ad52679f9-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-densho-1008-2",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "7 7/{'value': 18, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1008-2/",
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            },
            "title": "George S. Matsui Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born March 1, 1915, in Los Angeles, California. Spent prewar childhood in Long Beach, California, but attended grade school and junior high in Japan. Returned to the United States to attend high school. In 1941, was drafted into the U.S. Army and sent to Camp Roberts, San Luis Obispo, California for basic training. Was among the first Japanese American draftees. When World War II broke out, was summarily discharged from the army, reclassified to an enlisted reserve unit, and sent to Santa Anita Assembly Center and then incarcerated at Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Within two months of being incarcerated, was recalled for duty in the Military Intelligence Service. Received Bronze Star for securing the surrender of Japanese military and nonmilitary personnel on the island of Saipan. Served with MacArthur's General Headquarters in Japan.<p>(Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.)",
            "extent": "00:55:53",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1008-2",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "oh_id": 51,
                    "namepart": "George S. Matsui"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Marvin Uratsu"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Matt Emery"
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            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
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            ],
            "persons": [
                {
                    "nr_id": "88922/nr015zr0q",
                    "namepart": "Matsui, George Shigeo"
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            ],
            "contributor": "National Japanese American Historical Society Collection",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Seattle, Washington",
            "creation": "December 11, 1997",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "George S. Matsui narrator \nMarvin Uratsu interviewer \nMatt Emery videographer Matsui, George Shigeo 88922nr015zr0q",
            "download_large": "denshovh-mgeorge-01-a.jpg"
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            "id": "516",
            "model": "narrator",
            "index": "8 8/{'value': 18, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/516/",
                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/mhikaru.jpg",
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                "interviews": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/516/interviews/"
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            "display_name": "Hikaru Morohoshi",
            "bio": "Kibei Nisei male. Born October 4, 1915, in Stockton, California. As a young child, sent to Japan to live with grandparents and attend school. Returned to California at age eighteen, and drafted into the U.S. military. Discharged from the army after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. Removed to the Tanforan Assembly Center, Washington, and the Topaz concentration camp, Utah. Answered \"no-no\" on the so-called \"loyalty questionnaire\" and was transferred to the Tule Lake concentration camp, California. After leaving Tule Lake, lived in Maryland and Florida before eventually returning to California."
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-410",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "9 9/{'value': 18, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-410/",
                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-1000-410/",
                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-swarren-01-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-swarren-01-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Warren Koichi Suzuki Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born February 27, 1921, in Seattle, Washington. At age ten, was sent to Japan to live and attend school. Returned to Seattle prior to World War II. During the war, was removed to the Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, and the Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. Answered \"no-no\" on the so-called \"loyalty questionnaire\" and was transferred to Tule Lake concentration camp, California. After leaving camp, returned to Seattle and lived with then wife and child in a hostel located in Seattle's Japanese language school. Established a postwar career with the City of Seattle.<p>(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)",
            "extent": "01:44:28",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-410",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "oh_id": 664,
                    "namepart": "Warren Koichi Suzuki"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Tom Ikeda"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Dana Hoshide"
                }
            ],
            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "persons": [
                {
                    "nr_id": "88922/nr0110h76",
                    "namepart": "Suzuki, Koichi Warren"
                }
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Seattle, Washington",
            "creation": "May 10, 2012",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Warren Koichi Suzuki narrator \nTom Ikeda interviewer \nDana Hoshide videographer Suzuki, Koichi Warren 88922nr0110h76",
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        {
            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-287",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "10 10/{'value': 18, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-287/",
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                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-kmasamizu-01-a.jpg",
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            },
            "title": "Masamizu Kitajima Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born August 1, 1933, in Ookala, Hawaii. At a young age, sent to Japan to live with grandfather and begin ministry training, but returned to the U.S. just before the onset of World War II. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, father, a prominent Buddhist minister, was picked up and arrested by the FBI. Mother couldn't support the children alone, so the family entered the Jerome concentration camp, Arkansas, where they were reunited with father. Father signed \"no-no\" on the so-called \"loyalty questionnaire,\" and moved the family to the Tule Lake concentration camp, California, in anticipation of repatriating to Japan. Parents changed their minds and did not go to Japan, so the family returned to Hawaii after leaving Tule Lake. After the war, Masamizu established a successful career in airplane mechanics.<p>(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)",
            "extent": "02:41:25",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-287",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "narrator",
                    "oh_id": 490,
                    "namepart": "Masamizu Kitajima"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Tom Ikeda"
                },
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            "title": "Tokio Yamane Interview",
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            "title": "Frank Sumida Interview",
            "description": "Nisei male. Born August 10, 1925, in Chicago, Illinois. Grew up primarily in Los Angeles, California, where parents ran a restaurant. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, removed to the Santa Anita assembly Center, California, where he participating in running an organized gambling operation. Moved briefly to Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, before being sent to Tule Lake, California, after signing the so-called \"loyalty questionnaire.\" Transferred to the Santa Fe Department of Justice internment camp, New Mexico. Upon wishes of parents, renounced U.S. citizenship and expatriated to Japan. Worked for the military government during the U.S. occupation of Japan. Eventually regained U.S. citizenship and returned to the United States.<p>(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)",
            "extent": "04:22:36",
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                    "namepart": "Tom Ikeda"
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                    "namepart": "Barbara Takei"
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                    "namepart": "Dana Hoshide"
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            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Los Angeles, California",
            "creation": "September 23, 2009",
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            "display_name": "George S. Matsui",
            "bio": "Nisei male. Born March 1, 1915, in Los Angeles, California. Spent prewar childhood in Long Beach, California, but attended grade school and junior high in Japan. Returned to the United States to attend high school. In 1941, was drafted into the U.S. Army and sent to Camp Roberts, San Luis Obispo, California for basic training. Was among the first Japanese American draftees. When World War II broke out, was summarily discharged from the army, reclassified to an enlisted reserve unit, and sent to Santa Anita Assembly Center and then incarcerated at Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Within two months of being incarcerated, was recalled for duty in the Military Intelligence Service. Received Bronze Star for securing the surrender of Japanese military and nonmilitary personnel on the island of Saipan. Served with MacArthur's General Headquarters in Japan."
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            "display_name": "Ronald Ikejiri",
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            "display_name": "Tomiye Terasaki",
            "bio": "Kibei female. Born October 5, 1910, in San Francisco, California. At age three, sent to live with grandfather and receive education in Fukuoka, Japan. After high school, temporarily moved to Tokyo and assisted family-owned business. In 1929, returned to U.S. to join parents in Sacramento. After arranged marriage to Mr. Tadao Sakita, moved to Los Angeles, raised three children and jointly ran a successful cafe. Returned to Sacramento after the bombing of Pearl Harbor to be with family in 1942, until all persons of Japanese ancestry were removed from West Coast. Gave birth to a son while at Tule Lake concentration camp, California. After the war, returned to Los Angeles, and converted to Christianity. Remarried to Mr. Terasaki after first husband's death. At the time of the interview, Mrs. Terasaki resided in Los Angeles, making and repairing Japanese calligraphy scrolls."
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            "title": "Tomiye Terasaki Interview",
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                    "namepart": "Ken Silverman"
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                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Alice Ito"
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                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Steve Hamada"
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                    "namepart": "Sakita, Tomiye"
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            "location": "Seattle, Washington",
            "creation": "July 3, 2000",
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