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            "id": "ddr-densho-1002-2",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "0 600/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1002-2/",
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            },
            "title": "Shosuke Sasaki Interview",
            "description": "Issei male. Born 1912 in Yamaguchi ken, Japan. Immigrated to United States in 1919. Lived in Pomeroy, Washington, and Seattle, Washington, before World War II. Incarcerated at the Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington and the Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. Resettled in New York. As a member of the Newspaper Guild, led effort to eliminate pejorative use of \"Jap\" in newspapers. Was a strong critic of the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL). After moving to Seattle, was active in formulating the \"Seattle Plan\" for redress in the early 1970s.<p>(This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary,<i> Rabbit in the Moon</i>, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding the resistance movement itself.)",
            "extent": "01:42:25",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-1002-2",
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                    "namepart": "Shosuke Sasaki"
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                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Chizu Omori"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Emiko Omori"
                },
                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Emiko Omori and Paul Mailman"
                }
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            "format": "vh",
            "language": [
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            ],
            "persons": [
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                    "nr_id": "88922/nr0060627",
                    "namepart": "Sasaki, Shosuke"
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            ],
            "contributor": "Emiko and Chizuko Omori Collection",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Seattle, Washington",
            "creation": "September 28, 1992",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Shosuke Sasaki narrator \nChizu Omori interviewer \nEmiko Omori interviewer \nEmiko Omori and Paul Mailman videographer Sasaki, Shosuke 88922nr0060627",
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        {
            "id": "ddr-pc-28-24",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "1 601/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title": "Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 24 (June 15, 1956)",
            "description": "Selected article titles: \"Claims bill ready for consideration on Senate floor within two weeks\" (p. 1), 'Alien Land Law Repeal Measure Set as Prop. 13\" (p. 1), \"Nat'l JACL Director Satow visits Nation's capital, visits with California congressmen\" (p. 1), \"Reveal identity of Nisei meeting housing bias in SF area as Richmond-El Cerrito CLer\" (p. 1), \"Poultry farmer invited for Japan inspection tour\" (p. 2), \"L.A. County Supervisors Favor Repeal of Alien Land Law Proposition\" (p. 3), \"JACLer appointed to staff of President's Committee on Government Contracts in DC\" (p. 3), \"New York JACL joins 'Operation Unity', for Museum of Immigration fund appeal\" (p. 3), \"Sacramentan named for Masaoka award\" (p. 4), \"JACL officials to address first Hi-Co conference of Nisei students and leaders\" (p. 5), \"Chicago pushes survey for nursing home for aged Issei as definite need found\" (p. 7), \"Senate judiciary committee releases report on claims bill; House-passed measure 'meritorious, favorably recommended'\" (p. 8).",
            "extent": "11.5W x 17H",
            "links_children": "ddr-pc-28-24",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "Japanese American Citizens League"
                }
            ],
            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "Activism and involvement -- Civil rights",
                    "id": "234"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Community activities -- Associations and organizations -- The Japanese American Citizens League",
                    "id": "20"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Journalism and media -- Community publications -- Pacific Citizen",
                    "id": "389"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Race and racism -- Discrimination",
                    "id": "37"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Economic losses",
                    "id": "59"
                }
            ],
            "format": "doc",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "persons": [
                {
                    "namepart": "Tajiri, Larry"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Tajiri, Guyo"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Mineta, Helen"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Satow, Masao W."
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Hosokawa, Bill"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Honda, Harry K."
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Melville, Malcolm L."
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Miyakawa, Carolyn"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Mimbu, William"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Inadomi, George"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Masada, Saburo"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Kushida, Tats"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Ichikawa, Ryo"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Takeda, Susumu"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Okada, Donald"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Enomoto, Jerry"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Sakurada, Smoky H."
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Inouye, Yoshiko"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Ogawa, Elmer"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Nishita, Bill"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Kishino, Lloyd"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Tashima, Mako"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Mori, Henry"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Saijo, Albert"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Masaoka, Mike"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Fukui, Soichi"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Ota, Mabel"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Sugimoto, Roy"
                },
                {
                    "namepart": "Inagaki, George"
                }
            ],
            "contributor": "Pacific Citizen",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "periodical",
            "location": "Los Angeles, California",
            "creation": "June 15, 1956",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Japanese American Citizens League author Tajiri, Larry \nTajiri, Guyo \nMineta, Helen \nSatow, Masao W. \nHosokawa, Bill \nHonda, Harry K. \nMelville, Malcolm L. \nMiyakawa, Carolyn \nMimbu, William \nInadomi, George \nMasada, Saburo \nKushida, Tats \nIchikawa, Ryo \nTakeda, Susumu \nOkada, Donald \nEnomoto, Jerry \nSakurada, Smoky H. \nInouye, Yoshiko \nOgawa, Elmer \nNishita, Bill \nKishino, Lloyd \nTashima, Mako \nMori, Henry \nSaijo, Albert \nMasaoka, Mike \nFukui, Soichi \nOta, Mabel \nSugimoto, Roy \nInagaki, George",
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            "id": "ddr-csujad-5-86",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "2 602/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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            },
            "title": "Letter from Makoto Okine to Mr. S. Okine, July 22, 1945",
            "description": "A letter from Makoto Okine to his father, Seiichi Okine, in the Rohwer incarceration camp. Makoto writes from \"Leghorn\" [=Livorno] Italy where he is deployed as a US Army soldier. The letter is mailed via Army/Air Post Office, New York, by U.S. Army Postal Service. In the letter, he describes his duty, guarding prisoners while they work at salvage yards. The salvage materials are loaded and shipped back to the U.S after U.S. ships unload the food rations in Livorno, Italy. He sees U.S. troops heading back to the U.S. and hopes he is going to be able to go back home soon. The handwritten note on the back of the envelope reads: Arrived on August 9, 1945, Chicago [in Japanese]. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: <a href=\"http://cdm16855.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p16855coll4/id/13716\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener noreferrer\">oki_01_24_001</a>",
            "extent": "2 pages, handwritten, 8.25 x 6 inches; 1 envelope",
            "links_children": "ddr-csujad-5-86",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "Okine, Makoto"
                }
            ],
            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Military service -- 442nd Regimental Combat Team",
                    "id": "89"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Nisei",
                    "id": "44"
                }
            ],
            "format": "doc",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "CSU Dominguez Hills Department of Archives and Special Collections",
            "rights": "nocc",
            "genre": "correspondence",
            "location": "Livorno, Italy",
            "facility": [
                {
                    "term": "Rohwer",
                    "id": "9"
                }
            ],
            "creation": "7/22/1945",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Okine, Makoto author",
            "download_large": "ddr-csujad-5-86-mezzanine-f3d4efd009-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-densho-356",
            "model": "collection",
            "index": "3 603/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-356/",
                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-356/",
                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-356/ddr-densho-356-147-mezzanine-d72e8751c6-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-densho-356/ddr-densho-356-147-mezzanine-d72e8751c6-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Yuriko Domoto Tsukada Collection",
            "description": "This collection consists of Yuriko Tsukada (nee Domoto)’s photographs, correspondences, personal records, diaries, and Granada (Amache) Camp Administrative Records related to the Social Welfare Department. \r\nPhotographs in this collection are of the Domoto and Tsukada families before 1941.\r\nThe correspondences are to Yuriko Tsukada (nee Domoto) from friends and family while she was held in Merced Assembly Center and Granada (Amache) and in the years following her resettlement on the East Coast predominantly between 1942 and 1946. Yuriko Tsukada (nee Domoto) received letters from her husband Richard “Dick” Hiroshi Tsukada when they were dating in 1943 and 1944 when he left Granada (Amache) to find work.  Additionally, Richard and Yuri lived apart in 1946 when he moved to New Rochelle, New York and Yuri attended Simmon's College in Boston. Additionally, Yuriko Tsukada (nee Domoto) received letters and artwork from longtime friend, artist Mine Okubo between 1948-1994 and kept several programs from art shows of Mine Okubo's work.  To learn more about Mine Okubo see <a href=\"http://encyclopedia.densho.org/Mine_Okubo/\">http://encyclopedia.densho.org/Mine_Okubo/</a> and to see more of her work visit Riverside Community College <a href=\"http://library.rcc.edu/riverside/okubo/\">http://library.rcc.edu/riverside/okubo/</a> and the Japanese American National Musuem <a href=\"http://www.janm.org/collections/mine-okubo-collection/\">http://www.janm.org/collections/mine-okubo-collection</a> which both hold physical collections of Mine Okubo's work. Yuri Tsukada wrote frequently to her brother Kaneji Domoto, and that correspondence can be found in the Kaneji and Sally (Fujii) Domoto Collection (ddr-densho-329) <a href=\"http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-329/\">ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-329</a>. \r\nYuriko Tsukada's (nee Domoto) diaries date from 1927 through 1943. \r\nHer personal records range from accounting books to school reports to personal legal documents to documents and letters related to the Domoto Bro's Nursery that her father, uncle and eldest brother managed; broadly from the 1910s through the 1940s.   She also kept meeting minutes from the Committee of Immigrant Serving Agencies from December 1941 to February 1942 and case notes from Japanese Americans seeking assistance following the bombing of Pearl Harbor.\r\nThe Administrative Records are from Yuriko Tsukada's (nee Domoto) time as a Social Worker at Granada (Amache) and at Merced Assembly Center.  These records include: internal memos regarding office work, blank forms, social welfare worker’s studies, resettlement efforts, family reunification polices, and the transfer of individuals from Tule Lake to Amache.",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-356",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "Tsukada, Yuriko (Domoto)"
                },
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "War Relocation Authority"
                }
            ],
            "language": [
                "eng",
                "jpn"
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "public": "1",
            "rights": "cc",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Tsukada, Yuriko (Domoto) author \nWar Relocation Authority author",
            "download_large": "ddr-densho-356-147-mezzanine-d72e8751c6-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-pc-29-30",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "4 604/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-pc-29-30/",
                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-pc-29-30/",
                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-pc-29/ddr-pc-29-30-mezzanine-3f573a4b5c-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-pc-29/ddr-pc-29-30-mezzanine-3f573a4b5c-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 4 (July 26, 1957)",
            "description": "Select article titles: \"TV Critic says Anti-Nisei Films Should be Junked\" (p. 1); Aliens seeking adjustment of residence status allowed trips to U.S. possessions; Japanese circus performer can visit Hawaii\" (p. 1);  Library Named in Memory of Ex-Calif. Issei\" (p. 2);  \"U.S.-Japan gov't cooperation assured for Nisei businessman's international confab\" (p. 2); Hawaiian students gather material for booklet to offset Tulsa editorial against statehood for Tulsa public schools\" (p. 3); \"Transplated Texan & wife in New York want to help Japanese brides get adjusted\" (p. 3); \"Out-of-court settlement gives children back to war bride who tried to kill them\" (p. 3); \"One-man sumi drawing of Arizona Nisei regarded as 'unusual,' 'accomplished'\" (p. 3); \"Singer Pat Suzuki signs Hollywood record contract\" (p. 3); \"Endowment Fund Increases as Claimants Paid\" (p. 5); \"Ex-Gov. Sprague of Oregon To Be Given JACL Scroll\" (p. 5); \"Friendliness of Coloradans credited with easing bias\" (p. 6); \"Nat'l JACL cooperating with Civil Rights Leadership Conference on Senate measure\" (p. 8); \"Civil rights bill amended in Senate\" (p. 8).",
            "extent": "11W x 17H",
            "links_children": "ddr-pc-29-30",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "publisher",
                    "namepart": "Japanese American Citizens League"
                }
            ],
            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "Activism and involvement",
                    "id": "120"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Activism and involvement -- Civil rights",
                    "id": "234"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Activism and involvement -- Politics -- Hawaiian statehood",
                    "id": "236"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Arts and literature -- Performing arts",
                    "id": "247"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Arts and literature -- Performing arts -- Film",
                    "id": "249"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Arts and literature -- Visual arts",
                    "id": "180"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Geographic communities -- California",
                    "id": "271"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Geographic communities -- California -- Los Angeles",
                    "id": "272"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Geographic communities -- Oregon",
                    "id": "284"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Community activities -- Associations and organizations -- The Japanese American Citizens League",
                    "id": "20"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Issei",
                    "id": "43"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Japanese American identity",
                    "id": "47"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Nisei",
                    "id": "44"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Immigration and citizenship -- Anti-immigration sentiment",
                    "id": "178"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Immigration and citizenship -- Law and legislation",
                    "id": "340"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Journalism and media -- Community publications -- Pacific Citizen",
                    "id": "389"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Race and racism -- Discrimination",
                    "id": "37"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Redress and reparations",
                    "id": "110"
                }
            ],
            "format": "doc",
            "language": [
                "eng"
            ],
            "contributor": "Densho",
            "rights": "cc",
            "genre": "periodical",
            "location": "Los Angeles, California",
            "creation": "07/26/1957",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Japanese American Citizens League publisher",
            "download_large": "ddr-pc-29-30-mezzanine-3f573a4b5c-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-csujad-5-191",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "5 605/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-csujad-5-191/",
                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-csujad-5-191/",
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                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-csujad-5/ddr-csujad-5-191-mezzanine-055e7552cc-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Letter from Makoto Okine to Mr. S. Okine, March 26, 1946 [in Japanese]",
            "description": "A letter from Makoto Okine to his father, Seiichi Okine. He writes from Italy where he is stationed as a Nisei solder. The letter is mailed via New York by the U.S. Army Postal Service. In the letter, he explains how Seiichi would receive 25.00 dollars of the military family allowance monthly. The government deducts 25.00 dollars from Makoto's salary monthly and mail a check to Seiichi. The process takes one or one and half months. He also writes about his brother, Masao, who is also stationed in Japan as a Nisei soldier. He expresses his interest in Japan and wishes that he was deployed in Japan as a Military Intelligence Service soldier. He always worries about his family in California and hopes that he would be discharged soon. The arrival date of the letter, April 4, 1946, is recorded. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: <a href=\"http://cdm16855.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p16855coll4/id/13823\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener noreferrer\">oki_02_35_001</a>",
            "extent": "2 pages, 8 x 8.75 inches, handwritten; 1 envelope",
            "links_children": "ddr-csujad-5-191",
            "creators": [
                {
                    "role": "author",
                    "namepart": "Okine, Makoto"
                }
            ],
            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Military service -- 442nd Regimental Combat Team",
                    "id": "89"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Military service -- Post-World War II service",
                    "id": "297"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Nisei",
                    "id": "44"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Family",
                    "id": "46"
                }
            ],
            "format": "doc",
            "language": [
                "jpn"
            ],
            "contributor": "CSU Dominguez Hills Department of Archives and Special Collections",
            "rights": "nocc",
            "genre": "correspondence",
            "location": "Italy",
            "creation": "3/26/1946",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Okine, Makoto author",
            "download_large": "ddr-csujad-5-191-mezzanine-055e7552cc-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-njpa-1-764",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "6 606/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-njpa-1-764/",
                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-njpa-1-764/",
                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-njpa-1/ddr-njpa-1-764-mezzanine-a33d51c244-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-njpa-1/ddr-njpa-1-764-mezzanine-a33d51c244-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Signed note from Helen Keller",
            "description": "Caption on front: \"We differ, blind and seeing, not so much in the number of sense we have as in the way we meet limitations with lifted head and smiling face. Sincerely, Helen Keller.\"\r\n\r\nCaption on reverse [translation]: Helen Keller Finally Comes to Japan - Introducing the 'Talking Book' - (Tokyo) April 2, 1937. Helen Keller, the 'saint of three burdens,' departed San Francisco at noon on the 1st aboard the Yusen Asama Maru headed for Japan with her secretary Polly Thomson and Pastor Komuro Tokuji of the New York Methodist Church and his wife. She will arrive at Yokohama on April 15 and will speak in about 20 cities stretching from Hokkaido in the north to Kyushu in the south as well as in Korea and Manchuria until early July. She will introduce the 'talking book' that she has devised and soothe her comrades in other countries suffering from 'physical deficiencies'. Photographs: 1. A message from Helen Keller to Japan that she typed and signed personally [translation of message omitted].\"",
            "extent": "5.75W x 2.5H",
            "links_children": "ddr-njpa-1-764",
            "format": "img",
            "language": [
                "eng",
                "jpn"
            ],
            "persons": [
                {
                    "namepart": "Keller, Helen"
                }
            ],
            "contributor": "Hawai'i Times Photo Archives Foundation",
            "rights": "pcc",
            "genre": "photograph",
            "location": "Tokyo, Japan",
            "creation": "April 2, 1937",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Keller, Helen",
            "download_large": "ddr-njpa-1-764-mezzanine-a33d51c244-a.jpg"
        },
        {
            "id": "173",
            "model": "narrator",
            "index": "7 607/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/narrators/173/",
                "json": "https://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/173/",
                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/jpramila.jpg",
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            "display_name": "Pramila Jayapal",
            "bio": "Born September 21, 1965 in Madras, India. Attended the Jakarta International School in Indonesia before moving to the United States to attend college at Georgetown University. Worked as an investment banker in New York City as well as in the management development program for Physio-Control. Currently, Pramila is the founder and Executive Director of Hate Free Zone Washington. An activist and writer, Pramila has been actively involved in international and domestic social justice issues for over 12 years, working across Africa, Asia and Latin America as well as domestically with immigrant and refugee communities in Washington state. She speaks frequently at universities and community events on issues of gender, globalization, development and community. She serves on several boards including Chaya, a non-profit organization serving South Asian women in crisis; the Institute of Current World Affairs; and Hedgebrook Women Writers Retreat. Pramila has a Masters in Business Administration from Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management, and a B.A. from Georgetown University in English and Economics. She is also the author of Pilgrimage to India: A Woman Revisits Her Homeland (Seal Press, 2000). Pramila and HFZ Campaign have received several awards and recognitions for its work, including the City of Seattle's 2002 Civil Rights Award, the Washington Bar Association's Access to Justice Community Leadership Award, the Japanese American Citizens League Leadership Award, the Northwest Asian Weekly Foundation's Community Leaders Award, a leadership award from Congressman Jim McDermott, and the Ecumenical Leadership Award from the Washington Association of Churches. In January 2004, Pramila was named one of the top ten Puget Sound regional leaders by the Seattle Times Editorial Board."
        },
        {
            "id": "129",
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                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/ymitsuye.jpg",
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            },
            "display_name": "Mitsuye May Yamada",
            "bio": "Female, child of Issei parents. Born July 5, 1923, in Fukuoka, Japan while her mother and two older Nisei brothers visited relatives. Named Mitsuye Mei Yasutake at birth. From age 3, grew up in Seattle, WA. Father employed by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service as interpreter for twenty years, until separated from family on December 7, 1941 and interned as an enemy alien. Attended Cleveland High School before being removed from Seattle with mother and three brothers in 1942, and incarcerated at Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, and Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. Allowed temporary leave from Minidoka, to travel with brother William Toshio Yasutake to visit their father, Jack Kaichiro Yasutake, incarcerated at U.S. Department of Justice internment camp in Lordsburg, NM. Released from Minidoka in 1943 to work and attend college in Cincinnati. Received B.A. in English and Art from New York University. M.A. in English Literature and Research from University of Chicago. Married and had four children. Moved to Southern California in 1960. Taught for 23 years at community colleges in Southern California and other institutions, retiring from Cypress College as Professor of English in 1989. Author of Camp Notes and Other Poems, first published in 1976; Desert Run, (1988); writer of numerous other essays, short stories, and poems widely anthologized in collections such as This Bridge Called My Back (1981) and Women Poets of the World (1983). Featured in \"Mitsuye and Nellie: Two American Poets,\" documentary film on Asian women in the United States, aired on national public television, 1981. Founder of MultiCultural Women Writers (MCWW), member of Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States (MELUS), and active in many community, arts and cross-cultural programs. Elected to National Board of Directors of Amnesty International USA in 1987 and served for six years. Recipient of numerous awards and honors recognizing her professional and volunteer contributions to society."
        },
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            "id": "130",
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                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/yjoe.jpg",
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            "display_name": "Joe Yasutake",
            "bio": "Nisei male. Born May 25, 1932, in Seattle, Washington. Father employed by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service as interpreter for twenty years, until separated from family on December 7, 1941 and interned as an enemy alien. Removed from Seattle with mother, sister and two brothers in 1942. Attended school (fifth through sixth grades) while incarcerated at Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho, and U.S. Department of Justice internment camp at Crystal City, TX. Reunited with father, Jack Kaichiro Yasutake, who was transferred from the U.S. Department of Justice internment camp in Lordsburg, NM to Crystal City, TX camp in 1944. After release from Crystal City camp, moved with parents to Cincinnati, OH. Moved with parents to Chicago, Illinois where father served as Executive Director of the Chicago Resettlers Committee. After high school graduation, attended Lawrence College in Wisconsin. Graduated from University of Illinois. Commissioned as lieutenant, U.S. Army, 1954, assigned to artillery and served in Germany. Returned to U.S. in 1956, discharged from the army. Married, had three sons. Late wife died in 1984. Was remarried in 1988 and has one stepdaughter. Received M.A., New York University. Moved to Ohio, employed by U.S. Air Force as psychologist. Received Ph.D. in Industrial Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus OH. Moved to Denver, CO. Retired in 1986 from the U.S. Air Force Human Resources Laboratory. Moved to California, employed by Lockheed. Serves in a volunteer capacity with community organizations, including as president of the Japanese American Museum of San Jose, and speaks at schools to educate students about the experiences of Japanese Americans and loss of constitutional rights during World War II. Also serves as chair of the San Jose Japantown Preservation Committee."
        },
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            "id": "131",
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            "index": "10 610/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/ytosh.jpg",
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            },
            "display_name": "Tosh Yasutake",
            "bio": "Nisei male.  Born June 10, 1922, in Seattle, WA. Father was employed by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service as interpreter for twenty years, until he was separated from family on December 7, 1941, and interned as an enemy alien. Graduated 1941, Cleveland High School, and attended University of Washington before being removed from Seattle with mother, sister and two brothers in 1942. Incarcerated at Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, and Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. Worked as hospital attendant and laboratory technician in Minidoka. While incarcerated in Minidoka, volunteered for U.S. Army, March, 1943. Allowed to travel from Minidoka, with sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada, to visit their father, Jack Kaichiro Yasutake, incarcerated at U.S. Department of Justice internment camp in Lordsburg, NM. Mr. Yasutake passed away on December 12, 2016. After basic training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi, served in Europe in the 442nd Regimental Combat Team as a medic assigned to Company I, 2nd Platoon. Wounded during combat in southern France, October, 1944. Awarded Bronze Star. After recovery, assigned as a medic to Anti-tank Company, 1st platoon. December, 1945 discharged from the army. After visiting parents and younger brother in Cincinnati and living briefly in New York City, returned to Seattle. Married. Received B.A., Zoology, from University of Washington. Began career in research on fish pathology. Had four children. Received Ph.D in Fish Pathology from the University of Tokyo. Retired in 1988 as Research Histologist for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, after 36 years. Continues to serve as a Senior Scientist Emeritus in a volunteer capacity. Dr. W.T. Yasutake is the author of numerous articles published in scholarly journals, and the book, Microscopic Anatomy of Salmonids. He received awards and recognition for his pioneering and outstanding contributions to his professional field."
        },
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            },
            "title": "Article regarding Takeo Miki",
            "description": "Article: \"Progressive Party Leader Of Japan Here. Takeo Miki, chief secretary of the Progressive Party (Kaishinto) of Japan, and Mrs. Miki are visiting in Honolulu today enroute back to Japan after a two months' world tour. They arrived here last night from San Francisco at 10 by plane, and are scheduled to depart for Tokyo tonight at 10:30 by Pan American clipper. Miki said the purpose of his trip was to survey postwar reconstruction conditions in Europe and the Near East and meet major political leaders in various countries to get their views on the world situation. Leaving Japan on Sept. 5 with his wife, he visited India, Egypt and Europe, and arrived in the United States on Oct. 20, spending most of his time in New York City and Washington, D. C. Miki recalled today that he first visited Hawaii as a member of the Meiji university debating team which toured the world. He spent two weeks here at that time, and has many friends in the Islands. He is a former member of the Japanese cabinet, having been appointed minister of communications at the age of 39.\"",
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            ],
            "contributor": "Hawaii Times Photo Archives Foundation",
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            "creation": "12-Nov-53",
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            "title": "Pacific Citizen Vol. 21 No. 20",
            "description": "Selected article titles: \"Navy Opens Ranks to Japanese Americans\" (p. 1), \"Sgt. Ben Kuroki to Speak on \"Town Meeting of the Air\"\" (p. 1), \"1000 Tule Lake Renunciants Enter Suit to Regain Rights\" (p. 1), \"Evacuee Group Leaves Seattle for Hawaii\" (p. 1), \"Native Sons Want Relocation Camps to be Kept Open\" (p. 1), \"Southern Pacific Railroad Takes Stand Against Racial Intolerance in Placer County\" (p. 2), \"Tule Lake Ex-Citizens File Suits to Regain U.S. Rights\" (p. 2), \"California Files Escheat Suit In Fresno Area\" (p. 2), \"WRA Closes Heart Mountain, Gila Centers\" (p. 3), \"Arizona Camp Emptied Before Deadline Date\" (p. 3), \"Order Closing of Cooperative at Tule Lake Center\" (p. 3), \"Wyoming Relocation Camp Now Empty, Deserted as Last Train Leaves With 205 for California\" (p. 3), \"Police Guard Evacuee Train At San Jose\" (p. 3), \"California Ready to Pay Claims to Evacuee Farmers\" (p. 3), \"Washington News-Letter: Nisei Reveals Experiences of Job-Hunting in Washington\" (p. 5), \"From the Des Moines Register: Iowa Has Accorded Welcome To Displaced Coast Nisei\" (p. 5), \"New York Committee Will Back Japan People's Government\" (p. 6), \"2000 Evacuees Leave Colorado For West Coast\" (p. 8).",
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            "contributor": "Densho",
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            "genre": "periodical",
            "creation": "17-Nov-45",
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        },
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            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-137-7",
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            "index": "13 613/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-ymitsuye-01-a.jpg",
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            },
            "title": "Mitsuye May Yamada Interview Segment 7",
            "description": "Moving to New York City: \"a liberating experience\"<p>Mitsuye Yamada was interviewed together with her two surviving brothers, William Toshio Yasutake and Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. She was interviewed individually on October 9-10, 2002.<p></p>Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their own family history interviews. Individually and jointly, they and other family members had written and gathered material documenting their family history. They shared much of this with me to assist with research and preparation for the Densho interview. Mitsuye's daughter Jeni had coordinated much of the family history work. Jeni participated as a secondary interviewer during the group sessions, October 8-9, 2002.<p></p>The group interview sessions were conducted in Seattle at the home of Tom Ikeda, executive director of Densho. The oldest Yasutake sibling, Reverend Seiichi Michael Yasutake, had passed away less than a year before the Densho interviewing, in December, 2001. The remaining siblings emphasized that his absence left a gap in their discussion of family history. In addition to Jeni Yamada and videographers Dana Hoshide and John Pai, also present during some portions of the group interview were Tom Ikeda, and Mitsuye Yamada's son Kai Yamada.",
            "extent": "00:04:51",
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            "contributor": "Densho",
            "geography": [
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                    "term": "New York",
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            "links": {
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            "title": "Mitsuye May Yamada Interview Segment 13",
            "description": "Involvement in political movements while a student at New York University<p>Mitsuye Yamada was interviewed together with her two surviving brothers, William Toshio Yasutake and Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. She was interviewed individually on October 9-10, 2002.<p></p>Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their own family history interviews. Individually and jointly, they and other family members had written and gathered material documenting their family history. They shared much of this with me to assist with research and preparation for the Densho interview. Mitsuye's daughter Jeni had coordinated much of the family history work. Jeni participated as a secondary interviewer during the group sessions, October 8-9, 2002.<p></p>The group interview sessions were conducted in Seattle at the home of Tom Ikeda, executive director of Densho. The oldest Yasutake sibling, Reverend Seiichi Michael Yasutake, had passed away less than a year before the Densho interviewing, in December, 2001. The remaining siblings emphasized that his absence left a gap in their discussion of family history. In addition to Jeni Yamada and videographers Dana Hoshide and John Pai, also present during some portions of the group interview were Tom Ikeda, and Mitsuye Yamada's son Kai Yamada.",
            "extent": "00:05:58",
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            "topics": [
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                    "term": "New York",
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            "id": "ddr-densho-1000-137-4",
            "model": "segment",
            "index": "15 615/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title": "Mitsuye May Yamada Interview Segment 4",
            "description": "Hearing about brother's combat injury; deciding to leave Cincinnati for New York University<p>Mitsuye Yamada was interviewed together with her two surviving brothers, William Toshio Yasutake and Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. She was interviewed individually on October 9-10, 2002.<p></p>Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their own family history interviews. Individually and jointly, they and other family members had written and gathered material documenting their family history. They shared much of this with me to assist with research and preparation for the Densho interview. Mitsuye's daughter Jeni had coordinated much of the family history work. Jeni participated as a secondary interviewer during the group sessions, October 8-9, 2002.<p></p>The group interview sessions were conducted in Seattle at the home of Tom Ikeda, executive director of Densho. The oldest Yasutake sibling, Reverend Seiichi Michael Yasutake, had passed away less than a year before the Densho interviewing, in December, 2001. The remaining siblings emphasized that his absence left a gap in their discussion of family history. In addition to Jeni Yamada and videographers Dana Hoshide and John Pai, also present during some portions of the group interview were Tom Ikeda, and Mitsuye Yamada's son Kai Yamada.",
            "extent": "00:05:36",
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            "contributor": "Densho",
            "geography": [
                {
                    "term": "Cincinnati, Ohio",
                    "id": "\"http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7013604\""
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            ],
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            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Seattle, Washington",
            "creation": "October 9 & 10, 2002",
            "status": "completed",
            "search_hidden": "Mitsuye May Yamada narrator \nAlice Ito interviewer \nDana Hoshide videographer",
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        },
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            "id": "ddr-densho-37-673",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "16 616/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
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            },
            "title": "Family outside barracks",
            "description": "Original WRA caption: Sakamoto family picture on golden wedding anniversary of Joseph Gerald Osamu Sakamoto and Mary Ann Tsuchi Sakamoto, both 80, at the Minidoka Relocation Center on December 11, 1943. Married in Japan, they came to the U.S. in 1894. Mr. Sakamoto was an early Seattle hotel proprietor. His son, James Y. Sakamoto, 40, is pictured with his family, Marietta Misao, wife, 37; Marie Mineyo, 11, Marcia Tsuyumi, 6, and Justine Denice, 8 months daughters. James Sakamoto, a U.S. citizen, attended Franklin high school in Seattle and studied at Princeton University in 1921 and 1922. He took up boxing and fought from ban tom weight to junior lightweight. He was probably the first person of Japanese ancestry to fight in Madison Square Garden. His left eye was injured and in 1927 in a fight in Utica, NY his right eye was blinded due to detachment of the retina.  He returned to Seattle when he lost his sight entirely. Having done newspaper work in New York as English Editor of the Japanese-American, he turned to journalism in Seattle and on January 1, 1928 started publishing the Japanese-American Courier, first Japanese-American newspaper printed entirely in English. He is a past president of the Japanese American Citizens League.",
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            "contributor": "Densho",
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            "location": "Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho",
            "facility": [
                {
                    "term": "Minidoka",
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            "creation": "11-Dec-43",
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            "search_hidden": "",
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        },
        {
            "id": "ddr-densho-442",
            "model": "collection",
            "index": "17 617/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
            "links": {
                "html": "https://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-442/",
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                "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-442/ddr-densho-442-184-mezzanine-66f116bd6d-a.jpg",
                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-densho-442/ddr-densho-442-184-mezzanine-66f116bd6d-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Wakaichi \"Buck\" Ohashi Family Collection",
            "description": "Wakaichi \"Buck\" Ohashi Family Collection is a photo album of the Ohashi family.  The album primarily contains photographs of the Ohashi family and the Japanese American community in Ketchikan, Alaska prior to WWII.\r\n\r\nJasomatsu \"George\" Ohashi (1872-1934) immigrated to Ketchikan, Alaska around 1900 with his wife Shika, leaving his young son Wakaichi “Buck” in Japan. He came to Alaska following the Yukon Gold Rush, however, he opened a restaurant on Front Street in Ketchikan called \"New York Cafe.\"  In 1907 George built a storefront and boarding house on Stedman Street that housed his businesses as well as his growing family.  In the storefront he opened and ran Ohashi's Grocery. In the following years he and Shika had two daughters, Mary Haruko (1909) and Ruth Tomo (1917). Around 1911, George sent for his son, Wakaichi “Buck” Ohashi to join him in Alaska.  During Prohibition, George put a pool house and bar in the back of the grocery store. Around 1924, Buck returned to Japan to marry Komatsu Saito, and in 1924 they returned to Ketchikan. Together Komatsu and Buck had 5 children, Robert Teruo (1926), Hope Nobuko (1927), Neil Jiro (1930), Edward Saburo (1931) and Paul Masuo (1934). Upon George’s death in 1934 Buck took over the family business, and in 1936 he closed the grocery and opened \"Welexum Bar\" in the space.  After a few years the bar was closed and the store front divided into two spaces, a liquor store and a confectionary/ice cream shop.  Following the bombing of Pearl Harbor, on December 7, 1941 Buck along with all the Issei men in Ketchikan, was arrested and detained on Annette Island. Eventually transferred to Lordsburg or Santa Fe in the following months. In 1942, the rest of the Ohashi family was removed and detained, initially at Camp Harmony in Puyallup, Washington, then at Minidoka in Idaho.  Upon the family’s return to Ketchikan in 1945, they reopened the liquor store and confectionary and ran the business until the mid-1990s.",
            "extent": "1 photo album with 312 photographs",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-442",
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            "title": "Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 29",
            "description": "Staying in New York City after the war, meeting future wife, and passing civil service exam<p>William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.<p></p>Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their own family history interviews. Individually and jointly, they and other family members had written and gathered material documenting their family history. They shared much of this with me to assist with research and preparation for the Densho interview. Mitsuye's daughter Jeni had coordinated much of the family history work. Jeni participated as a secondary interviewer during the group sessions, October 8-9, 2002.<p></p>The group interview sessions were conducted in Seattle at the home of Tom Ikeda, executive director of Densho. The oldest Yasutake sibling, Reverend Seiichi Michael Yasutake, had passed away less than a year before the Densho interviewing, in December, 2001. The remaining siblings emphasized that his absence left a gap in their discussion of family history. In addition to Jeni Yamada and videographers Dana Hoshide and John Pai, also present during some portions of the group interview were Tom Ikeda, and Mitsuye Yamada's son Kai Yamada.",
            "extent": "00:11:25",
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                    "oh_id": 131,
                    "namepart": "Tosh Yasutake"
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                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Alice Ito"
                },
                {
                    "role": "interviewer",
                    "namepart": "Tom Ikeda"
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                {
                    "role": "videographer",
                    "namepart": "Dana Hoshide"
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            "language": [
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            "contributor": "Densho",
            "geography": [
                {
                    "term": "New York",
                    "id": "\"http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7007568\""
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            "genre": "interview",
            "location": "Seattle, Washington",
            "creation": "November 14, 2002",
            "status": "completed",
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            "title": "Looking ahead",
            "description": "Term paper by Betty Hashimoto for period III Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Before being sent to Manzanar, Betty had planned to attend Woodbury Business College and then get a job as a receptionist with solid accounting skills. Betty briefly mentions a need for the Nisei community to prove their loyalty to the \"motherland,\" America. She hopes to move to Chicago soon to work as a stenographer and to attend school to improve her accounting skills. Betty's mentions her proposed future husband was working as a doctor in New York and looking to volunteer for the Army. She proposed to delay plans for a family and then dives into a discussion on growing up with much older siblings and making friends with people older than herself. Finally, Betty discusses the useful information she learned in her Social Problems course. She will not go into the world ignorant, for ignorant people cannot hope to be successful. Betty concludes with the idea that her immediate future is in the hands of the War Relocation Authority. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9008. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: <a href=\"http://cdm16855.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p16855coll4/id/36255\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"noopener noreferrer\">ecm_wells_0008</a>",
            "extent": "5 pages, 10 x 8 inches, handwritten",
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            "topics": [
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                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Education",
                    "id": "73"
                },
                {
                    "term": "Education -- Secondary education",
                    "id": "335"
                },
                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Concentration camps -- Impact of incarceration",
                    "id": "78"
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            "format": "doc",
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            "contributor": "Eastern California Museum",
            "rights": "nocc",
            "genre": "misc_document",
            "location": "Manzanar, California",
            "facility": [
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            "creation": "3/1/1943",
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            "id": "ddr-densho-356-385",
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            "index": "20 620/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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                "thumb": "http://ddrmedia.local/media/ddr-densho-356/ddr-densho-356-385-mezzanine-c2d5ffb42e-a.jpg"
            },
            "title": "Four letters to Yuri Domoto from Kaneji Domoto",
            "description": "Four letters to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada to her brother Kaneji \"Kan\" Domoto, all stored together in one envelope, unclear if all the letters were mailed together or separately. 4/24 letter: Inquires if his sisters arrived in Boston and telling them about a WRA office in Brooklyn they should check-in to the next time they visit him. 6/22 letter: Kaneji tells about a visit from a mutual friend, inquires about finding work and housing in Boston, and a tells of a trip to see an orchestra in Harlem. 8/7 letter: Kaneji writes to congratulate his sister on finding an apartment in Boston and gives his opinion on if Yuri should get a Master's degree in order to peruse her career based on his own difficultly finding a job without a completed degree.  He goes to ask about family and mutual friends. 8/14 letter: Kaneji gives some information about mutual friends, finding a house outside New York City, tries to give some advice about marriage and school. A picture is drawn on the back of the last page.  Item tied together with all objects between ddr-densho-356-321 and ddr-densho-356-413.  For the correspondence to Kaneji from Yuri, please see the <a href=\"Kaneji and Sally (Fujii) Domoto Collection (ddr-densho-329)\"traget=\"_blank\">ddr-densho-329</a?>.",
            "extent": "envelope: 6.25W x 3.5H; letters: 7.25W x 10.5H; letter 2: 8.5W x 11H",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-356-385",
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            "topics": [
                {
                    "term": "Geographic communities -- New York -- New York",
                    "id": "283"
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                {
                    "term": "Community activities -- Weddings",
                    "id": "28"
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                    "term": "Industry and employment",
                    "id": "5"
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                {
                    "term": "Identity and values -- Family",
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                {
                    "term": "World War II -- Leaving camp -- \"Resettlement\"",
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                    "namepart": "Tsukada, Yuriko (Domoto)"
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                    "namepart": "Domoto, Kaneji \"Kan\""
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            "location": "New York, New York",
            "creation": "4/24/1944-8/15/1944",
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            "id": "ddr-densho-437-97",
            "model": "entity",
            "index": "21 621/{'value': 1171, 'relation': 'eq'}",
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            "title": "Brief filed for hearing concerning  claim for James Seigo Miwa's confiscated property",
            "description": "Filed by Oliver Ellis Stone on behalf of Lawrence Miwa",
            "extent": "8.5W x 13H",
            "links_children": "ddr-densho-437-97",
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                    "term": "World War II -- Economic losses",
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            "creation": "1/3/1957",
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            "title": "Envelope addressed to Fumio Miwa from Consulate General of Japan",
            "description": "",
            "extent": "9.5W x 4.25H",
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            "title": "Reply brief from hearing concerning claim for James Seigo Miwa's confiscated property",
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            "title": "Letter from Oliver Ellis Stone to Lawrence Fumio Miwa",
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