Nisei female. Born December 16, 1926, in El Centro, California. Grew up in various places in California, where parents owned a barbershop. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, removed with her family to the Poston concentration camp, Arizona. After leaving camp, resettled in Hazelton, Idaho, and Oakland, California, before moving to Seattle, Washington. After the war, worked for the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission in Hiroshima, Japan. Became a teacher, and taught for many years in the Seattle Public Schools.