Male of Filipino and Native American descent. Born 1934 in Seattle, Washington. Grew up in the Chinatown/International District area of Seattle. In the 1950s, became involved in civil rights activist causes. Served as Executive Director of the International District Improvement Association (InterIm) from 1972 to 1989. In 1982, founded the Minority Executive Director's Coalition along with other members of the "Gang of Four": Bernie Whitebear, Larry Gossett, and Roberto Maestas. Oversaw the Seattle Chinatown/International District Preservation Authority from 1989 to 1993, and served as Regional Director of the Department of Housing and Urban Development from 1994 to 2001. Returned as Executive Director of InterIm until retirement in 2005.