Nisei male. Born July 19, 1925, in Redwood City California. Grew up in San Jose, California. During World War II, removed to the Santa Anita Assembly Center, California, and the Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming. Served in the military in the U.S. Counterintelligence Corps during the war in Japan. After the war, worked as a journalist, writing the regular column, "Horse's Mouth," in the Rafu Shimpo.