Male of Ukrainian descent. Born October 15, 1940, in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Attended Western Washington University in Bellingham, Washington, and then earned a PhD at the University of Alberta. Worked to establish a research program in the Office of the Commissioner to examine issues of official languages in Canada. In 1986, appointed as Assistant Under-Secretary of State Responsible for Multiculturalism. Was a key figure in the Japanese Canadian redress movement, participating in numerous negotiations between the Japanese Canadian community and the Canadian government.