The DDR will be down for planned maintenance on Wednesday, December 11, 2019 from 12:00PM (noon) PST until 2:00PM PST. Densho websites and will also be unavailable during this time; however, you will still be able to visit our blog and find other information about Densho at our main website, We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause. Please email questions or comments to [email protected]


Frank Sumida

Nisei male. Born August 10, 1925, in Chicago, Illinois. Grew up primarily in Los Angeles, California, where parents ran a restaurant. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, removed to the Santa Anita Assembly Center, California, where he participating in running an organized gambling operation. Moved briefly to Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, before being sent to Tule Lake, California, after signing the so-called "loyalty questionnaire." Transferred to the Santa Fe Department of Justice internment camp, New Mexico. Upon wishes of parents, renounced U.S. citizenship and expatriated to Japan. Worked for the military government during the U.S. occupation of Japan. Eventually regained U.S. citizenship and returned to the United States.


Frank Sumida Interview — ddr-densho-1000-261
September 23, 2009. Los Angeles, California.
04:22:36 — 49 segments.
Frank Sumida