Nisei male. Born July 12, 1921, in San Diego, California. Grew up in San Diego, and was attending the University of California at Berkeley on December 7, 1941. Removed to the Tanforan Assembly Center, California. Was selected to leave camp to attend Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri. Drafted into the military, completed Officer Candidate School, and served overseas in Berlin, Germany. Eventually settled in St. Paul, Minnesota.