Nisei male. Born November 2, 1929, in Fresno, California. Moved with family at a young age to Seattle, Washington, where father was the minister of the Seattle Buddhist Temple. Father was arrested by the FBI following the bombing of Pearl Harbor, and removed to various Department of Justice internment camps. The rest of the family was removed to Puyallup Assembly Center and Minidoka concentration camp, Washington, eventually reuniting with father in Crystal City internment camp, Texas. Returned to Seattle following the war where family reestablished the Buddhist temple.