Nisei male. Born April 23, 1922, in Watsonville, California. Grew up in Watsonville until age six, then family moved to Salinas. Following the bombing of Pearl Harbor, removed to Salinas Assembly Center, California, and the Poston concentration camp, Arizona. After leaving camp, lived and worked in Utah for a time before serving in Japan in the U.S. Military Intelligence Service. Returned to Watsonville and established a farming operation.